Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

HR4000001

1.3 Site name

Nacionalni park Kornati

1.4 First Compilation date

2012-12

1.5 Update date

2015-04

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Croatian Agency for the Environment and Nature
Address:               
Email:info@dzzp.hr
Date site proposed as SCI:2013-07
Date site confirmed as SCI:2014-12
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:15.366154
Latitude:43.764303

2.2 Area [ha]

21571.1431

2.3 Marine area [%]

76.8000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
HR03Jadranska Hrvatska

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1120  info  X     2100  0.00 
1160  info      31  0.00 
1170  info      318  0.00 
1240  info      200  0.00 
5330  info      20  0.00 
6220  info  X     770  0.00 
62A0  info      3600  0.00 
8210  info      120  0.00 
8310  info      3.00 
8330  info      16.00 
9320  info      0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1349Tursiops truncatus    50  70   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Delphinium staphisagria                     
Desmazeria marina                     
Lathyrus ochrus                     
Orchis tridentata                     
Parapholis incurva                     
Salsola kali                     
Serapias vomeracea                     
Suaeda maritima                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0177.55
N083.61
N0911.44
N151.01
N210.27
N226.12

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Kornati National park is an area of exceptional landscape beauty, with very well developed coastline comprising of 89 islands, islets and cliffs and numerous shallow bays and gulfs. Despite this relatively large number of islands land takes up for less than 25% of the Park surface, while everything else belongs to the sea. The islands are covered with rocky grasslands (pastures) whose vegetation is highly dependent on the presence and activities of people in this area. The area is very scarcely inhabited with only 25 people permanently living there, but a lot more are using the area for sheep breeding, olive growing, traditional fishing and tourism. Marine life is rich in biodiversity with some of the most representative sites being located on the southwestern side of the Park where one of the most distinguished landscape features of the area - steep cliffs called "crowns" - are facing the open sea. Lithostratigraphic units represented in this area are rudist limestones (cenomanian-maastricht - K21-6) and liburnian sediments, foraminiferal limestones and transitional sediments (Upper paleocene , lower and middle eocene - Pc, E1, 2)l). Soils: brown soil on limestone, anthropogenic soil on karst and rocky ground. Famous cliffs of the Donji Kornati were formed by faulting, also presence of process of abrasion; many speleological objects.

4.2 Quality and importance

- important site for Vegetated cliffs of the Mediterranean coast with endemic Limonium ssp. - important site for 8310 Caves not open to public - important site for 9320 - important site for habitat type 62A0 - important site for Large shallow inlets and bays - important site for Posidonia beds - one of the most representative sites for Reefs (for coralligenous biocenosis) - one of the most representative sites for Submerged or partly submerged sea caves - one of the six important sites for Tursiops truncatus in Croatia - important site for Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04.03
MA06.04
LD02.03
MD03.02
LD04.03
LD05
LE01.03
HE03.01
HF02.01
LF04
HG01.01
MG01.07
MH03.03
MH05.01
LH06.01
HI01
MI02
MJ01.02
HJ01.03
LM01.01
LM01.02
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Alegro, A., Bogdanović, S., Brana, S., Jasprica, N., Katalinić, A., Kovačić, S., Nikolić, T., Milović, M., Pandža, M., Posavec-Vukelić, V., Randić, M., Ruščić, M., Šegota, V., Šincek, D., Topić, J., Vrbek, M. & Vuković, N. (2010): Botanički važna područja Hrvatske. Školska knjiga, Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb. Bakran-Petricioli, T., and P. Kružić (2002): Marine caves. In: S.Gottstein Matocec (ed.), An overview of the cave and interstitial biota of Croatia. Natur. Croat., 11(suppl. 1): 77-79. Bakran-Petricioli, T. i sur. (2009): Kartiranje morskih staništa na vanjskim strmcima NP Kornati, Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb. Bakran-Petricioli, T. (2011): Priručnik za određivanje morskih staništa u Hrvatskoj prema Direktivi o staništima EU, Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb. Barišić, T. (2011): Revizija i istraživanje NATURA speleoloških lokaliteta, HPK «SVETI MIHOVIL», Šibenik. Baza podataka DZZP. BIOM, HYLA, SUNCE, WWF (2014): Shadow list: Hrvatsko biospeleološko društvo – Argumenti za stanišni tip 8330 Preplavljene ili dijelom preplavljene morske špilje Digitalna ortofoto karta 1:5000, DGU, 2011. Gottstein, S., Ivković, M., Ternjej, I., Jalžić, B. and Kerovec, M. (2007): Environmental features and crustacean community of anchihaline hypogean waters on the Kornati islands, Croatia. Marine Ecology 28 (Suppl. 1), 24–30 Gottstein S., Jalžić B. (2007): Biospeleološka istraživanja vodene faune anihalnih špilja i jama na području NP Kornati, SUBTERRANEA CROATICA, 9/2007, 20-30 Holcer, D., Fortuna, C.M. (2011): The aerial survey of cetacean abundance in the areas of Kvarner/Kvarnerić and Central Adriatic: August 2010. A project report. 27 pages. Blue World Vis,Vis. Kammigam, I. (2007): Vorkommen and Verteilung des Groẞen Tümmlers (Tursiops truncatus) im Nationalpark Kornati, Kroatien. Universität Hamburg. Kružić, P. i sur. (2010): Monitoring morskih staništa ekološke mreže na području Šibensko-kninske županije, NATURA - Društvo za zaštitu prirode Hrvatske, Zagreb. Markov Podvinski, M. i Čavrak, V. V. (ur.) (2012): Zbornik radova istraživačkog projekta Biološki kamp “Kornati ‘09” Doprinos očuvanju bioraznolikosti Kornatskog otočja. Udruga studenata biologije – BIUS. Javna ustanova Nacionalni park “Kornati”. Murter. OIKON d.o.o., Institut za primijenjenu ekologiju za Ministarstvo kulture (2004): Karta staništa - Baza podataka (u okviru projekta „Kartiranje staništa RH“). Pandža, M. (2009): Istraživanje travnjačke vegetacije zajednice Stipo-Salvietum officinalis i hazmofitske vegetacije sveze Centaureo-Portenschlagiellion. Škunca, L., Magajne, M., Rimac, A., Hruševar, D. i Šemnički, P. (2011): Doprinos poznavanju flore NP Kornati i izrada osnove za buduće praćenje stanja staništa', Technical report, Bius - Udruga studenata biologije. Topografska karta 1:25000, DGU, 1996.-2010. Žuljević, A. i sur. (2011) Ronjenje u najčudesnijem dijelu Sredozemlja-Ronilački vodič podmorjem Šibensko-kninske županije; Project COAST, UNDP.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY