Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Gércei tufagyűrű és láprét

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Őrségi National Park Directorate
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormányrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
40A0  info      0.5  0.00 
6240  info      28.3  0.00 
6410  info      0.74  0.00 
6510  info      37.34  0.00 
7230  info      1.04  0.00 
8210  info      2.8  0.00       
91E0  info      6.27  0.00       
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1060Lycaena dispar           
I1061Maculinea nausithous           
I1059Maculinea teleius           
P2093Pulsatilla grandis    10  15     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Chamaenerion dodonei    50  100               
Eriophorum latifolium    10  50               
Iris sibirica                 
Iris variegata    10               
Juncus subnodulosus    1000  2000               
Lathyrus palustris    10  50               
Schoenus nigricans    10  50               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The area is composed of two habitats showing similarity in their character. One of them is the nearby Hercseg Mountain with basalt rock-bed and the Gércei tufagyűrű, a basalt-tufaceous area. The volcanic cone called Hercseg-hegy is located at the side of the Kemeneshát, being a member of the Western Hungarian basalt monadnocks. Grape-growing is cultivated on a large part of its area, at some places, however, grasslands also occur. Formerly, basalt mining was done here; today this activity is no longer performed. By today the slope woodlands were transformed into black-locust plantations but in fragments original habitats can also be found. The Gércei tufagyűrű is a member of the basalt and basalt-tufaceous monadnocks in the Kisalföld region. The tufaceous ring consists of 4 smaller basalt outbreaks (Mt. Nemes, Mt. Pet, Mt. Külső, Mt. Púpos). In the depression enclosed by the "mountains" a crater lake was present in the 1800s, being unique in Hungary. At the end of the century, this lake has been drained and wet hay meadows and fens appeared. Unfortunately, the area was even more meliorated in the 70ies, and the still existing grasslands were broken. The vegetation of the tufaceous ring was a turkey oak - sessile oak woodland, and white oak woodlands, being later destroyed by mining and pseudoacacia plantations. A lot of closed gardens are found in the area. Among the "mountains" there are larger, botanically valuable fens as well, unsuccessful attempts were made for draining these fens within the frames of the large-scale "Marcal Melioration" programme.

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontosságú cél a következő fajok/élőhelytípusok kedvező természetvédelmi hely-zetének fenntartása: Élőhelyek: (magyar név, kód): Szubpannon sztyeppék 6240 Kékperjés láprétek meszes, tőzeges vagy agyagbemosódásos talajokon (Molinion caeruleae) 6410 Sík- és dombvidéki kaszálórétek (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 6510 Mészkedvelő üde láp- és sásrétek 7230 Fajok: (magyar név, tudományos név) Nagy tűzlepke (Lycaena dispar) Vérfű-hangyaboglárka (Maculinea teleius) Owing to the emergence of the tufaceous ring from its environment as well as due to the special features of the base rock, a mesoclimate differing form the environment's climate exists. Vegetation of the area also differs from the surrounding area; therefore it is ranked in a different flora district. Although, the major part of the area has been planted with acacia in the preceding 50 years, on the mountaintops there still are some remnants of Q. pubescens forests and steppe slope fragments. Secondary rock grass vegetation had formed out in the abandoned stone-pits with valuable flora. Small population of plant species that disappeared in other areas can be found here (Chamaenerion dodonaei, Pulsatilla grandis). Fens next to the mountains provide home for a lot of protected plant and animal species. The presence of a large Juncetum subnodulosii fen is unique to the area. Calcareous fens are not typical to this area; nevertheless here take up a significant area. Threatened species of the Chelidonium meadows are the Lycaena dispar and Maculinea teleius.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

BORBÁS V. (1887): Vasvármegye növényföldrajza és flórája.- Vasmegyei Gazdasági Egyesület Kiadása, Szombathely KOVÁCS J. A. (1995): Vas megye növénytársulásainak áttekintése. - Vasi Szemle, 49(4): 518-557. ("Outline for a synopsis of plant communities in Vas-county" - KANITZIA, 2: 79-113. (1994)) KULCSÁR-MESTERHÁZY (2002): A gércei bazalttufagyűrű növénytani értékei.- V. Aktuálisflóra és vegetációkutatás a Kárpát medencében. Pp.: 104-105 MESTERHÁZY-BAUER-KULCSÁR (2003): A Kisalföldi Bazalt tanúhegyek edényes flórája 162 p Tilia 11. WAISBECKER A. (1908): Újabb adatok Vasvármegye flórájához. Magyar Botanikai Lapok 4: 54-66


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Őrségi National Park Directorate Őriszentpéter Siskaszer 26/A 9941

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Általános célkitűzések: A Natura 2000 terület természetvédelmi célkitűzése az azon található, a kijelölés alapjául szolgáló fajok és élőhelytípusok kedvező természetvédelmi helyzetének megőrzése, fenntartása, helyreállítása, valamint a Natura 2000 területek lehatárolásának alapjául szolgáló természeti állapot és a kedvező természetvédelmi állapottal összhangban lévő gazdálkodás feltételeinek biztosítása. Specifikus célok A szubpannon sztyeppék, kékperjés láprétek, sík és dombvidéki kaszálórétek és mészkedvelő üde láp- és sásrétek kedvező természetvédelmi helyzetének fenntartása, megőrzése. A területen található vérfű-hangyaboglárka (Maculinea teleius) és nagy tűzlepke (Lycaena dispar) állomány fennmaradásának biztosítása. A gyepek kaszálásánál a vérfű-hangyaboglárka igényeihez igazodva a májusi vagy a szeptemberi időzítés követendő. A terület északi részén lévő száraz gyepeken (legelők) a legeltetéses területhasználat felújítása. A gyepek további bokrosodásának, beerdősülésének megakadályozása. The advantageous water management of the fen should be ensured. Draining the water from the area should be prevented. Transformation of the slope steppes into tree plantations should be ceased. Fens should be maintained by scything rather than grazing. Transformation of acacia plantations into natural populations is also an urgent task. Further mining and rally activities should be prohibited in the future.



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