Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Gyöngyös-patak és a kőszegi Alsó-rét

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Őrségi National Park Directorate
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormányrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3260  info      0.1  0.00       
6410  info      2.64  0.00 
6430  info      0.24  0.00 
6510  info      47.17  0.00 
91E0  info      17.08  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
A1188Bombina bombina    50  100           
A1193Bombina variegata    10  50           
I4046Cordulegaster heros                 
F1098Eudontomyzon spp.    100  500     
M1355Lutra lutra    10           
I1060Lycaena dispar           
I1061Maculinea nausithous           
I1059Maculinea teleius           
I1037Ophiogomphus cecilia           
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus                 
I1032Unio crassus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Carex caespitosa    100  500               
Carex elata    50  100               
Crocus albifrons    100  200               
Euphorbia villosa    50  70               
Iris sibirica    10  50               
Phleum hubbardii    10  50               
Trollius europaeus    250  300               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The area includes the section of the Gyöngyös Brook from entering the country to Lukácsháza as well as the Alsó Meadow at Kőszeg. The Gyöngyös Brook collects the water streams of the northern part of Kőszeg Mountains and drains them to the Rába River. It is a permanent water stream, which, until its regulation, was meandering on the deposits carried by itself. The brook still has a rich deposit amount and oxygen and gathers only a small amount of pollution on its upper section that made possible the high diversity level of the watery habitat. The large meadows under Kőszeg, were functioning as pastures in the past, later being used for scything or were included into cultivation. In the last years a large part of the surrounding arable lands was abandoned, these being mostly turning into grassland again or repopulated by the Salix cinerea. Draining of the wet meadows was attempted several times in the past; these attempts are demonstrated by the obstructed drainage ditches.

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontosságú cél a következő fajok/élőhelytípusok kedvező természetvédelmi hely-zetének fenntartása: Élőhelyek: (magyar név, kód): Folyóvölgyek Cnidion dubiihoz tartozó mocsárrétjei 6440 Fajok: (magyar név, tudományos név) Vérfű-hangyaboglárka (Maculinea teleius) Dunai ingola (Eudontomyzon mariae) The Gyöngyös Brook is significant for the animal species living at the watery habitats. This is especially true for the section along the Kőszeg Mountains having a cold microclimate. The area is rich in caddis fly species; the Omphiogomphus Cecilia dragonfly species also has a large population here. The presence of brown trout has to be also mentioned, and the Danube lamprey has a significant population here. Among the birds, the nesting of water ouzel - being very rare in Hungary - has to be emphasised. Along the brook some places have a Montio-Cardaminetea vegetation, in other parts we can find small fragments of water-cress communities being highly endangered in Hungary. On the gravel banks, mud plant communities are forming by the end of summer; their rare plant is the Isolepis setacea being present only at this place in Hungary. The alder woodlands along the brook as well as the Angelico-Cirsietum oleracei communities show an extraordinary richness in species number. The Kőszeg Alsórét's greatest part is a flood area meadow, however, in smaller or greater fragments fens and marshes also occur. The Carex caespitosa being rare and protected in Hungary is forming populations here; this is the only place where the Crocus albifrons can be found in wild conditions. The Trollius europaeus and Iris sibirica also have nice populations here. The threatened species of the Chelidonium meadows are the Lycaena dispar and Maculinea teleius. The "Tamás" ditch crossing the area is an important amphibian mating location. Occasionally, we can observe the hiding mammal of the Gyöngyös Brook, the otter.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

AMBRUS, A., K. BÁNKUTI and T. KOVÁCS 1992. A Kisalföld és a Nyugat-magyarországi-peremvidék Odonata faunája (Odonata fauna of the Little Plain and West Hungarian Border Region). Tanulmányok 2:1-81, Győr: A Győr-Moson-Sopron Megyei Múzeumok Kiadványa. AMBRUS, A., K. BÁNKUTI and T. KOVÁCS 1996b. Adatok a Kisalföld és a Nyugat-magyarországi-peremvidék Odonata faunájához (Data on the Odonata fauna of the Little Plain and West Hungarian Border Region). Odonata-Stadium Larvale 1:39-50. AMBRUS, A., K. BÁNKUTI and T. KOVÁCS 1996c. Larval and adult data on the Odonata fauna of Burgenland (Austria). Odonata-Stadium Larvale 1:69-77. AMBRUS, A., K. BÁNKUTI, B. CSÁNYI, P. JUHÁSZ and T. KOVÁCS 1998a. Larval data to the Odonata fauna of Hungary. Odonata-Stadium Larvale 2:41-52. AMBRUS, A., K. BÁNKUTI and T. KOVÁCS 1998b. Data to the Odonata fauna. Kisalföld and the West-Hungarian marginal zone II. Odonata-Stadium Larvale 2:9-16. BORBÁS, V. 1887. Vas vármegye növényföldrajza és flórája-Geographia atque enumeratio plantarum Comitatus Castriferrei in Hungaria, 395 pp. Szombathely: Vasvármegyei Gazdasági Egyesület. DANKOVICS, R. 1996. Kétéltű, hüllő faunisztikai vizsgálatok Vas megyében (Faunistic investigations of amphibians and reptiles in Vas County). Cinege Vasi Madártani Tájékoztató 1:17-20. DANKOVICS, R. 1997. Kétéltű, hüllő faunisztikai vizsgálatok Vas megyében (1997) (Faunistic investigations of amphibians and reptiles in Vas County, 1997). Cinege Vasi Madártani Tájékoztató 2:16-17. DANKOVICS, R. 1998. Kétéltű-, hüllőfaunisztikai vizsgálatok Vas megyében (Amphibian and reptile faunistic investigations in Vas County). Ms, degree thesis, 43 pp. Szombathely: Berzsenyi Dániel Tanárképző Főiskola. DANKOVICS, R. 1999. Kétéltű-hüllő-faunisztikai vizsgálatok Vas megyében (Amphibian and reptile-fauna studies in Vas County). Vasi Szemle 53:76-96. DANKOVICS, R. 2000. Kétéltű és hüllő faunisztika (Amphibian and reptile faunistic studies). Cinege Vasi Madártani Tájékoztató 5:21-2. DANKOVICS, R. 2001a. Kétéltű-hüllő faunisztika és monitoring (Amphibian and reptile faunistic and monitoring data). Cinege Vasi Madártani Tájékoztató 6:19-22. KOVÁCS J. A. (1995): Vas megye növénytársulásainak áttekintése. - Vasi Szemle, 49(4): 518-557. ("Outline for a synopsis of plant communities in Vas-county" - KANITZIA, 2: 79-113. (1994)) LEPOLD, Z. 2000b. A vízirigó (Cinclus cinclus) költése 2000-ben (Nesting of the dipper in 2000). Cinege Vasi Madártani Tájékoztató 5:33. UHERKOVICH, Á. 1980a. Az Alpokalja nagylepkéinek (Macrolepidoptera) faunisztikai alapvetése (Nyugat-Magyarország nagylepkefaunája II.)-Faunistische Grundlegung der Makrolepidopteren des Voralpengebietes (Die Makrolepidopterenfauna von Westungarn II. (Faunistic outline of Macrolepidopta of the sub-Alpine region-Macrolepidoptera of Western Hungary II). Savaria a Vas megyei Múzeumok Értesítője (1975-6) 9-10:27-55. UHERKOVICH, Á., and S. NÓGRÁDI 1989 (1992). Provisional check-list of the Hungarian Trichoptera. Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Trichoptera, 247-53. Lódz/Zakopane, 1989.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Őrségi National Park Directorate Őriszentpéter Siskaszer 26/A 9941

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Általános célkitűzések: A Natura 2000 terület természetvédelmi célkitűzése az azon található, a kijelölés alapjául szolgáló fajok és élőhelytípusok kedvező természetvédelmi helyzetének megőrzése, fenntartása, helyreállítása, valamint a Natura 2000 területek lehatárolásának alapjául szolgáló természeti állapot és a kedvező természetvédelmi állapottal összhangban lévő gazdálkodás feltételeinek biztosítása. Specifikus célok: A vérfű-hangyaboglárka ismert populációinak élőhelyén mozaikos, a faj életmeneté-hez igazodó (májusi vagy részben nyár végi) kaszálás alkalmazása, jelentős arányú menedék területek fennhagyásával. Inváziós fajok (főként magas aranyvessző) terjedé-sének megakadályozása. Megfelelő vízellátottság biztosítása, a vízelvezetés megszün-tetése. A Kőszegi Alsó-rét mocsárrétjei kedvező természetvédelmi helyzetének fenntartása évenkénti kaszálással, a cserjésedésnek indult területek visszaalakításával. A megfele-lő talajvízszint fenntartása. A dunai ingola állományának fenntartása érdekében a Gyöngyös-patak tápanyag ter-helésének és szennyezésének csökkentése, a hosszirányú átjárhatóság biztosítása. A meglévő természetes meder megőrzése, az élőhely áramlási viszonyainak fenntartása. At least once a year, scything is needed at the meadows. Scything or stem crushing is prohibited at the tussock sedge parts. The surrounding uncultivated lands could be transformed into grasslands by shrub clearing and stem crushing (at some location this has already been done). Groundwater level should be stabilized and the water off-flow from the fens should be prevented.



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