Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

IE0000108

1.3 Site name

The Gearagh SAC

1.4 First Compilation date

1996-10

1.5 Update date

2018-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-11
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-8.984193
Latitude:51.882129

2.2 Area [ha]

557.7140

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE02Southern and Eastern

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3260  info      16.74  0.00 
3270  info      40  0.00 
91A0  info      11.16  0.00 
91E0  info      72.53  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA052Anas crecca    707  707     
BA050Anas penelope    640  640     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    250  250     
BA059Aythya ferina    32  32     
BA061Aythya fuligula    154  154     
BA149Calidris alpina    100  100     
BA038Cygnus cygnus    40  110     
M1355Lutra lutra           
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    2000  2000     
BA005Podiceps cristatus       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Cygnus olor    120  250               
Limosella aquatica                   
Mustela erminea hibernica                   
Myotis daubentoni                   
Myotis daubentoni                   
Prunus padus                   
Rana temporaria                   
Rana temporaria                   
Salmo trutta                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0651.00
N078.00
N0810.00
N1012.00
N1618.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Site comprises a 7km section of the River Lee and includes the confluence with the River Toon. It is situated in a wide flat valley on a bed of limestone, the adjacent valley sides being Old Red Sandstone. The eastern part of the site has been flooded by a dam and is subject to artificial fluctuations in water levels. The most natural remnants of alluvial forest exist upstream of Toon Bridge. Alluvial grassland is frequent at the margins and the site includes some dry woodland, cutaway bog and Ulex scrub. Semi-improved grassland is also included as it is used by the waterfowl attracted to the reservoir. At low water levels within the reservoir, a spectacular ephemeral mud flora develops.

4.2 Quality and importance

Despite the fact that about half of the original area has been destroyed The Gearagh still represents the only extensive alluvial forest in Ireland or Britain, or indeed western Europe west of the Rhine. The aquatic riverine vegetation is also well-developed. The wet woodland is complemented by a fine, though small example of an intact oak woodland. The flooded areas are important for wintering waterfowl. Lutra lutra occurs throughout the site.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MH01.05b
HJ02b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LXi

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Braun-Blanquet, J. and Tuxen, R. (1952). Irische Pflanzengesellschaften. Veroff. Gedbot. Inst. Zurich 25 : 224-415. Hewetson and O'Rourke. (1960). The dragonflies of The Gearagh near Cork. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 61(B) : 177. Hickey, T. (1982). An Ecological Study to Save The Gearagh. Aer Lingus Young Scientist Competition 1982. (Unpublished). McGough, H.N. (1984). Field trip to The Gearagh, Macroom, Co. Cork 19-21 August 1983. Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 7 : 55-57. O'Reilly, H. (1955). Survey of The Gearagh, an area of wet woodland on the River Lee, near Macroom, Co. Cork. Irish Naturalists' Journal 11 : 274-286. Sheppard, R. (1993). Ireland's Wetland Wealth. I.W.C. Dublin. White, J. (1985). The Gearagh woodland, Co. Cork. Irish Naturalists' Journal 21 : 391-396. Cross, J. (1984). Schedule for Proposed Nature Reserve at The Gearagh, Co. Cork. Forest and Wildlife Service, Dublin. (Unpublished) Flanagan, P.J. and Larkin, P.M. (1992). Water Quality in Ireland 1987 - 1990. Part 2 : River Quality Data. Environmental Research Unit, Dublin. Shorten, M. et al (Eds) (1993-95). Cork Bird Report, 1992, 1993, 1994. I.W.C. Brown, A.G., Stone, P. and Harwood, K. (1995). The Biogeomorphology of a Wooded Anastomosing River: The Gearagh on the River Lee in County Cork, Ireland. Occasional Paper (no. 32) for the Department of Geography, University of Leicester. McMillan, N. (1977). Limosella aquatica L. at the Gearagh, West Cork; an addition to the County flora. Irish Naturalists' Journal 19: 53. Goodwillie, R. (1986). Report on Areas of Scientific Interest in County Cork. Unpublished report for Cork County Council.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
IE0150.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
The Gearagh Nature Reserve*50.00
The Gearagh Nature Reserve*50.00
IE01The Gearagh Nature Reserve*50.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other The Gearagh Nature Reserve*50.00
The Gearagh Nature Reserve*50.00
The Gearagh Nature Reserve*50.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SAC.IE0000108
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY