Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

IE0000194

1.3 Site name

Tranarossan and Melmore Lough SAC

1.4 First Compilation date

1999-07

1.5 Update date

2018-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie
Date site proposed as SCI:1999-07
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-7.813723
Latitude:55.232244

2.2 Area [ha]

653.3504

2.3 Marine area [%]

16.3760

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE01Border, Midland and Western

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1140  info      28.1084  0.00 
1210  info      13.07  0.00 
1220  info      6.54  0.00 
1230  info      98.04  0.00 
2110  info      0.4991  0.00 
2120  info      4.3001  0.00 
2130  info      33.5787  0.00 
2140  info      19.61  0.00 
2170  info      32.68  0.00 
21A0  info  X     100.866  0.00 
3140  info      3.4226  0.00 
4030  info      163.41  0.00 
4060  info      32.68  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA009Fulmarus glacialis    20  20     
P1395Petalophyllum ralfsii    20  20  area     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    60  70     
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Draba incana                     
Larus marinus    10  20               
Lepus timidus hibernicus                     
Lepus timidus hibernicus                     
Lepus timidus hibernicus                     
Ligusticum scoticum                     
Mertensia maritima                     
Phalacrocorax aristotelis    50  60               
Rana temporaria                     
Rana temporaria                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N012.00
N022.00
N0430.00
N0516.00
N061.00
N074.00
N0835.00
N108.00
N161.00
N221.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site comprises the Tranarossan/Melmore headland and a long stretch of sea-cliff to the south-west, which has been included for both its ornithological and botanical value. Geologically, the site is dominated by granite and schists, with extensive plains of blown sand at Tranarossan and north of Melmore Lough. These areas of machair are confined by low rocky hills dominated by dry heath vegetation. The most extensive habitats at the site are dry heath, sand dune, machair and sea-cliff. Habitats of smaller extent include lake, shingle beach, sandy intertidal shore, blanket bog, acid grassland and flush. Livestock grazing is the main land use within the site, while amenity and recreational activities are frequent, especially in the eastern sector.

4.2 Quality and importance

This site has an excellent diversity of sand dune and heath habitats. Of particular importance are the fixed dunes and machair, which are extensive in area and generally of good quality. Also of note is a good example of decalcified fixed dunes with Empetrum nigrum, a rare habitat in Ireland. Other habitats present of particular note are intertidal sandflats, stony banks with perennial vegetation, vegetated sea cliffs and dry heath. Melmore Lough, which has considerable depth (>10 m) despite its small size, is a good example of a hard water lake and supports a diverse charophyte community. Noteworthy populations of the Red Data Book plant species Mertensia maritima, Ligusticum scoticum and Draba incana have been recorded recently, as has a small population of the rare liverwort Petalophyllum ralfsii. The site has breeding Falco peregrinus and Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, both Annex I Birds Directive species. A scattering of breeding seabirds occur.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MA05.02i
LA10i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LXi

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Bassett, J.A. and Curtis T.G.F. (1985). The nature and occurrence of sand-dune machair in Ireland. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 85B: 1-20. Berrow, S.D., Mackie, K.L., O'Sullivan, O., Shepperd, K.B., Mellon, C. and Coveney, J.A. (1993). The second International Chough Survey in Ireland, 1992. Irish Birds 5: 1-10. Curtis, T.G.F. (1991). A site inventory of the sandy coasts of Ireland. In Quigley, M.B. (ed.). A Guide to the Sand Dunes of Ireland. E.U.C.C., Dublin. Farrell, L. and Randall, R.E. (1992). The distribution of Mertensia maritima (L.) Gray, Oyster Plant in Ireland. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 24: 135-140. Fay, P. (1996). The Rare and Protected Flora of Coastal Areas in Counties Galway, Mayo, Sligo and Donegal. Unpublished report to the National Parks and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Hart, H.C. (1898). Flora of County Donegal. Dublin. Holyoak, D.T. (1999). Report on surveys of Petalophyllum ralfsii in Co. Sligo and Co. Donegal, Western Ireland, 31 July-7 August 1999. Unpublished report to National Parks & Wildlife Service, Dublin. Holyoak, D.T. (2002). Rare plant report: Petalophyllum ralfsii in Tranarossan and Melmore Lough cSAC. Unpublished report to National Parks & Wildlife Service, Dublin. Lloyd, C. (1982). Inventory of Seabird Breeding Colonies in the Republic of Ireland. Unpublished report, Forestry and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Madden, B., Cooney, T., ODonoghue, A., Norriss, D.W. and Merne, O.J. (1998). Breeding waders of machair systems in Ireland in 1996. Irish Birds 6: 177-190. McConnell, B.J. and Long, C.B. (1997). Geology of North Donegal. A Geological Description to Accompany the Bedrock Geology 1: 10,000 Scale Map Series, Sheet 1 and Part of Sheet 2, North Donegal. Geological Survey of Ireland, Dublin. Roden, C.M. (1999). A Survey of Coastal Lakes in Counties Galway, Mayo, Sligo and Donegal. Report prepared for the Heritage Council, Kilkenny. Young, R. (1973). Report on Areas of Ecological and Geological Interest in County Donegal. An Foras Forbartha, Dublin.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SAC.IE0000194
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY