Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

IE0000204

1.3 Site name

Lambay Island SAC

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-08

1.5 Update date

2018-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie
Date site proposed as SCI:2002-01
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-6.014418
Latitude:53.491078

2.2 Area [ha]

405.1279

2.3 Marine area [%]

38.6170

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE02Southern and Eastern

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1170  info      58.0248  0.00 
1230  info      20.27  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA200Alca torda    3646  3646     
BA043Anser anser    350  700     
BA046Branta bernicla    100     
BA045Branta leucopsis    50     
BA202Cepphus grylle             
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA204Fratercula arctica    235  235     
BA009Fulmarus glacialis    575  737     
BA003Gavia immer       
BA001Gavia stellata    15     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    15  15     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    110  110     
M1364Halichoerus grypus    196  252     
BA184Larus argentatus    2500  2500     
BA183Larus fuscus    258  258     
BA187Larus marinus    154  154     
BA160Numenius arquata    160  160     
BA018Phalacrocorax aristotelis    1164  1164     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    605  605     
M1365Phoca vitulina    47     
M1365Phoca vitulina    30     
M1365Phoca vitulina    22  47     
M1365Phoca vitulina    30     
BA013Puffinus puffinus    100     
BA188Rissa tridactyla    5102  5102     
BA193Sterna hirundo    20     
BA048Tadorna tadorna    10  20     
BA199Uria aalge    51777  51777     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Rattus rattus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0120.00
N021.00
N059.00
N061.00
N085.00
N098.00
N1450.00
N192.00
N223.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Lambay, the largest east coast island, lies 4 km off the Dublin coast. The underlying geology is dominated by igneous rocks (of andesitic type) and ash. Also present are shales and limestones of Silurian origin, as well as some massive beds of Old Red Sandstone. The bedrock is exposed on the fringing cliffs and in rocky outcrops; elsewhere it is overlain by varying depths of glacial drift. The island is surrounded by steep cliffs on the north, east and south sides. The west shore is low-lying and the land slopes gently eastwards to the summit in the centre of the island. Most of the western third of the island is intensively farmed, while the rest is a mixture of less intensively grazed land, rock outcrops, scrub and bracken. There are small areas of woodland around Lambay castle and farm. Indications are that the waters close to Lambay are very important for marine life. The main component of this importance is the prevalence of both intertidal and subtidal reef habitat.

4.2 Quality and importance

Lambay is the largest and most isolated island on the east coast. Extensive heath formerly existed but this has been eliminated at the expense of improved pasture. Vegetated cliff is the most notable habitat - these are quite representative of eastern cliffs with diversity in height, slope and aspect. The cliffs hold internationally important populations of seabirds, especially Uria aalge. Anser anser winter in significant numbers. The island was the subject of an intensive natural history study in 1905-06, and again in the early 1990's. This site provides year-round haul-out habitat for the Annex II seal species Halichoerus grypus and Phoch Vitulina, and includes regionally significant breeding and moulting sites. The foreshore surrounding the island holds examples of Reef habitat with typical biodiversity for the east coast.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA03i
HA04i
LE01o
ME02o
LF02.03o
LF03.01i
MG01.01o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LXi

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Berrow, S., Hickey, R., O’Connor, I. & McGrath, D. (2008). Small cetacean site survey investigations 2008. Report to the National Parks & Wildlife Service, October. 24pp. Cronin, M., Duck, C., Ó Cadhla, O., Nairn, R., Strong, D. and O'Keeffe, C. (2004). Harbour seal population assessment in the Republic of Ireland: August 2003. Irish Wildlife Manuals No. 11. National Parks & Wildlife Service, Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government, 7 Ely Place, Dublin 2, Ireland. 34 pp. Grimmett, R.F.A. and Jones, T.A. (1989). Important Bird Areas in Europe. I.C.B.P. Technical publication. No.9. Cambridge. Kiely, O., Lidgard, D.C., McKibben, M., Baines, M.E. and Connolly, N. (2000). Grey Seals: Status & Monitoring in the Irish & Celtic Seas. Maritime Ireland/Wales INTERREG report No. 3. Marine Institute, 80 Harcourt St., Dublin. Lidgard, D.C., Kiely, O., Rogan, E. and Connolly, N. (2001). The status of breeding grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) on the east and south-east coast of Ireland. Mammalia 65(3): 283-294. Lloyd, C.S. (1982). An Inventory of Seabird Breeding Colonies in the Republic of Ireland. (4 vols). Unpublished report to Forest and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Lyons, D.O. (2004). Summary of National Parks & Wildlife Service surveys for common (harbour) seals (Phoca vitulina) and grey seals (Halichoerus grypus), 1978 to 2003. Irish Wildlife Manuals No. 13. National Parks & Wildlife Service, Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government, 7 Ely Place, Dublin 2, Ireland. 67pp. Synnott, D.N. (1990). The Bryophytes of Lambay Island. Glasra, New series 1: 65-81. Merne, O.J. (1988). Recent Changes in Breeding Seabird Populations in Counties Dublin and Wicklow. Irish East Coast Bird Report, 1987: 69-77. Merne, O.J. (1989). Seabirds and Waterfowl of the Irish Sea. In: Sweeney J.C. (Ed.). The Irish Sea. A Resource at Risk. pp. 89-98. Geographical Society of Ireland Special Publication No.3. Maynooth. Merne, O.J., Costello, M.J. and Allen, R.M. (1990). The Irish Sea Coast of the Republic of Ireland. In: The Irish Sea - An Environmental Review. Part 1 - Nature Conservation pp103-132. Irish Sea Study Group. Liverpool. Madden, B. and Merne, O.J. (1995). A Survey of Breeding Birds on Lambay Island, May 1995. Unpublished report to the National Parks and Wildlife Service. Dublin. MERC Consultants Ltd. (2010). Project Report: Irish Sea Reef Survey. Unpublished report to the National Parks & Wildlife Service of the Department of the Environment, Heritage & Local Government. 36pp Ó Cadhla, O., Strong, D., O'Keeffe, C., Coleman, M., Cronin, M., Duck, C., Murray, T., Dower, P., Nairn, R., Murphy, P., Smiddy, P., Saich, C., Lyons, D. and Hiby, A.R. (2007). An assessment of the breeding population of grey seals in the Republic of Ireland, 2005. Irish Wildlife Manuals No. 34. National Parks & Wildlife Service, Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, Dublin, Ireland. 60pp. Ó Cadhla, O. and Strong, D. (2007). Grey seal moult population survey in the Republic of Ireland, 2007. Report to the National Parks & Wildlife Service, Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, Dublin, Ireland. 22pp. Praeger, R.L. et al. (1907). Contributions to the Natural History of Lambay, County Dublin. Irish Naturalist. 1-111. Praeger, R.L. et al. (1934). The Botanist in Ireland. Hodges Figgis & Co., Dublin. Walsh, P.H. (1988). Black Rats Rattus rattus (L.) As prey to Short-eared Owls Aslo flanneus (Pontopidan) on Lambay Island, Co. Dublin. Irish Naturalist's Journal 22: 536-537. Summers, C.F. (1983). The Grey Seal Halichoerus grypus in Ireland. A report to the Minister for Fisheries, Forestry and Wildlife. Lockley, R.M. (1966). The Distribution of Grey and Common Seals on the coasts of Ireland. Irish Naturalists Journal, 15: 136-142.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SAC.IE0000204
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY