Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Carrowmore Dunes SAC

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Date site proposed as SCI:2002-01
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE02Southern and Eastern

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1170  info      211.367  0.00 
2110  info      0.1867  0.00 
2120  info      2.1496  0.00 
2130  info      10.4583  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA050Anas penelope    70  70     
BA149Calidris alpina    80  80     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula           
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    70  70     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    140  140     
BA182Larus canus    40  40     
BA179Larus ridibundus    300  300     
BA160Numenius arquata    200  200     
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax           
BA142Vanellus vanellus    180  180     
I1014Vertigo angustior           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Alpheus macrocheles                   
Lepadogaster lepadogaster                   
Meles meles                   
Meles meles                   
Paracentrotus lividus                   
Phyllophora sicula                   
Pterosiphonia pennata                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is located on the west coast and comprises Doughmore Bay and part of the more sheltered Doonbeg Bay. Geologically the site is of Upper Carboniferous sandstone and shale. Doughmore Bay is a wide gently sloping bay with jagged bedrock to the north and south. The bedrock has boulders, cobbles, pebbles, gravel and coarse sand in the large fissures and crevices that run horizontally along the shore. White Strand, a fine sandy beach with extensive intertidal sand flats, occurs between the bedrock shores. An extensive area of shallow marine water is included. The terrestrial component of the site comprises the remnant of a formerly more intact dune system and includes examples of embryonic shifting, marram and fixed dunes. Soils are pure coarse grained sand at the beach which increase in organic content moving inland.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site displays an excellent example of intertidal reefs. The bedrock shore has high species diversity (96 species in the low shore and 121 species in the sublittoral frings), good zonation and with a wide variety of habitats due to the structure of the shore. The variety of habitats and the zonation are typical for this type of shore and therefore is a good example of this shore type. Rare species recorded are the shrimp Alpheus macrocheles and the red algae Phyllopohra sicula and Pterosiphonia pennata. The brown algae Bifurcaria bifurcata, which has a limited distribution in Ireland also occurs at the site. The site is also important as it supports a good example of the priority Annex I habitat fixed dunes with herbaceous vegetation. Also present are the Annex I habitats, embryonic shifting dunes and Marram dunes. The site is used, in some cases intermittently, for feeding and roosting by a variety of bird species. The site supports a population of the EU Habitats Directive Annex II mollusc species, Vertigo angustior.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Bleasdale, A. (1998). An Assessment of the Scientific Interest of the Dune System at White Strand, Doonbeg, Co Clare. The Heritage Council, Kilkenny. Brennan, A.T. (1945). Notes on the distribution of certain marine algae on the west coast of Ireland. Irish Naturalists' Journal 8:252-254. Casley, B. (1974). Acrothrix gracilis Kylin on the Galway and Clare coasts. Irish Naturalists' Journal 18:20-21. Costelloe, J., Keegan, B.R. and Kinnecker, G.F. (1986). Rocky subtidal assemblages on the west coast of Ireland. Hydrobiologia, 142:97-111. Cullinane, J.P. (1978). A preliminary account of the distribution of Cordylecladia erecta (Grev.) J.G.Ag. (Rhodophyta: Rhodymeniales) in Ireland and the British Isles. Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society, Series A:6: 49-58., Series A:5: 475-490. Curtis, T.G.F. (1991). A site inventory of the sandy coasts of Ireland - their types and distribution. Pp. 6-17 in: Quigley, M.B. (Ed.). A Guide to the Sand Dunes of Ireland. European Union for Dune Conservation and Coastal Management, c/o Department of Geography, Trinity College, Dublin. Delany, S. (1997). I-WeBS Report 1995-96: Results from the Second Winter of the Irish Wetland Bird Survey. IWC Birdwatch Ireland, Dublin. Farran, G.P. (1949). Stenoteuthis pteropus (Steenstrup) on Co. Clare shore. Irish Naturalists' Journal 9:277-278. Guiry, M.D. and Maggs, C.A. (1985). Notes on Irish marine algae - 7. Gigartina teedii (Roth) Lamour. (Rhodophyta). Irish Naturalists' Journal 21: 490-493. Kinahan, J.R. (1863). Notes on the marine fauna of the west coast of Clare. Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Dublin, 99-103. McHugh Consultants (1998). Doonbeg Golf Course and Tourism Development, EIS. Irish National Golf Club Limited. Moorkens, E.A. (1999). Molluscan Survey of the pNHA and pSAC Areas Associated with Carrowmore Marsh and the Dune System at White Strand, Doonbeg, Co. Clare. Unpublished report to National Parks and Wildlife, Dublin. Murray, P.J. (1972). The occurrence of Mytilicola intestinalis Steuer on the coasts of counties Galway and Clare. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 17: 198-199. O'Loughlin, E.F.M. (1989). Notes on the distribution of Calliostoma zizyphinum (L.) (Mollusca) on the shores and shallow waters of the Irish coast. Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society, 12: 22-30. Picton, B.E. (1985). Anthozoans (Coelenterata: Anthozoa) new to Ireland and new records of some rarely recorded species. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 21: 484-488. Ryland, J.S. and Nelson-Smith, A. (1975). Littoral and benthic investigations on the west coast of Ireland - IV. (Section A: Faunistic and Ecological Studies.) Some shores on counties Clare and Galway. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 75B: 245-266. Sheppard, R. (1993). Ireland's Wetland Wealth: the Birdlife of the Estuaries, Lakes, Coasts, Rivers, Bogs, and Turloughs of Ireland. Irish Wildbird Conservancy, Dublin. Webster, A. (1972). A note on Corallina squamata Ellis as it occurs in the eulittoral zone in counties Clare and Galway. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 17: 267-268. Whilde, A. (1993). Irish Red Data Book 2: Vertebrates. HMSO. Belfast.


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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation



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