Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

IE0004022

1.3 Site name

Ballycotton Bay SPA

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-02

1.5 Update date

2018-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1994-03
National legal reference of SPA designation No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-8.016089
Latitude:51.844183

2.2 Area [ha]

281.2179

2.3 Marine area [%]

69.7950

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE02Southern and Eastern

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA297Acrocephalus scirpaceus       
BA052Anas crecca    903  903     
BA050Anas penelope    522  522     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    231  231     
BA028Ardea cinerea    12  12     
BA169Arenaria interpres    179  179     
BA144Calidris alba    55  55     
BA149Calidris alpina    575  575     
BA147Calidris ferruginea    10  20     
BA145Calidris minuta    10  30     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    167  167     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    255  255     
BA182Larus canus    584  584     
BA183Larus fuscus    1293  1293     
BA179Larus ridibundus    94  94     
BA157Limosa lapponica    175  175     
BA156Limosa limosa    136  136     
BA160Numenius arquata    853  853     
BA151Philomachus pugnax    10  20     
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    2383  2383     
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    124  124     
BA048Tadorna tadorna    99  99     
BA161Tringa erythropus       
BA164Tringa nebularia    12  12     
BA165Tringa ochropus       
BA162Tringa totanus    117  117     
BA142Vanellus vanellus    2782  2782     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Crambe maritima                     
Larus marinus    324  324               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0115.00
N0270.00
N033.00
N043.00
N053.00
N073.00
N101.00
N142.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Situated on the south coast, Ballycotton Bay is an east-facing coastal complex, which stretches northwards from Ballycotton towards Garryvoe, a distance of c. 3 kilometres. The site is characterised by two sheltered inlets which receive the flows of several small rivers. The southern inlet had been lagoonal in character (Ballycotton Lake) but breaching of the shingle barrier in recent times has seen the area revert back to estuarine conditions. The principal habitat is intertidal sandflats, which are mostly well exposed. Sandy beaches are well represented. Salt marshes fringe the flats in the sheltered inlets and these provide high tides roosts. Fringes of Phragmites australis occur where there are freshwater influences. The site includes some marginal grassland fields which are used by a range of waterfowl species. A small area of shallow marine water is also included.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site supports an excellent diversity of wintering waterfowl species, and has nationally important populations of nine species: Anas crecca, Charadrius hiaticula, Pluvialis apricaria, Pluvialis squatarola, Vanellus vanellus, Limosa limosa, Limosa lapponica, Numenius arquata and Arenaria interpres. Formerly it was of importance for Cygnus columbianus bewickii but the birds have abandoned the site since the reversion of the lagoonal habitat to estuarine conditions. Ballycotton Bay is also important for wintering gulls, especially Larus fuscus in autumn and early-winter. Larus fuscus and Larus canus occur in numbers of national importance. Passage waders, such as Philomachus pugnax and Calidris minuta, are regular, especially in autumn. The site provides both feeding and roosting areas for the waterfowl species. Acrocephalus scirpaceus breeds at the site, which is near the western edge of the range of the species in Ireland. Wintering bird populations are well monitored. The Red Data Book plant Crambe maritima occurs.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
MA08o
ME01o
MG01.02i
HJ02.01.02i
MK01.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
ME01o
MK01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Colhoun, K. (2001). I-WeBS Report 1998-99. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Crowe, O. (2005). Ireland's Wetlands and their Waterbirds: Status and Distribution. BirdWatch Ireland, Newcastle, Co. Wicklow. Crowe, O., Austin, G.E., Colhoun, K., Cranswick, P.A., Kershaw, M. and Musgrove, A.J. (2008). Estimates and trends of waterbird numbers wintering in Ireland 1994/95 to 2003/04. Bird Study 55: 66-77. Curtis, T.G.F. and Sheehy Skeffington, M.J. (1998). The salt marshes of Ireland: an inventory and account of their geographical variation. Biology and Environment, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 98B: 87-104. Hunt, J., Derwin, J., Coveney, J. and Newton, S. (2000). Republic of Ireland. Pp. 365-416 in Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I. (eds). Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority Sites for Conservation 1: Northern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8). Irish Wetland Birds Survey (I-WeBS) Database, 1994/95-2000/01. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Merne, O.J. (1989). Important bird areas in the Republic of Ireland. In: Grimmett, R.F.A. and Jones, T.A. (eds). Important Bird Areas in Europe. ICBP Technical Publication No. 9. Cambridge. Moore, D. and Wilson, F. (1999). National Shingle Beach Survey of Ireland 1999. Unpublished report to National Parks and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Sheppard, R. (1993). Ireland's Wetland Wealth. IWC, Dublin. Smiddy, P. and O'Mahony, B. (1997). The status of reed warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus in Ireland. Irish Birds 6: 23-28.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
IE0580.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
Ballycotton Bay*33.00
IE05Ballynamona - Shanagarry*80.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Ballycotton Bay*33.00
Ballynamona - Shanagarry*80.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SPA.IE0004022
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY