Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

IE0004031

1.3 Site name

Inner Galway Bay SPA

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-04

1.5 Update date

2018-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1994-11
National legal reference of SPA designation No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-9.039000
Latitude:53.200100

2.2 Area [ha]

13261.5682

2.3 Marine area [%]

94.2280

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE01Border, Midland and Western

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA056Anas clypeata    88  88     
BA052Anas crecca    690  690     
BA050Anas penelope    1157  1157     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    200  200     
BA169Arenaria interpres    182  182     
BA062Aythya marila    40  40     
BA046Branta bernicla    676  676     
BA149Calidris alpina    2149  2149     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    335  335     
BA064Clangula hyemalis    19  19     
BA002Gavia arctica    25  25     
BA003Gavia immer    83  83     
BA001Gavia stellata    13  13     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    575  575     
BA182Larus canus    1011  1011     
BA179Larus ridibundus    1815  1815     
BA157Limosa lapponica    447  447     
BA156Limosa limosa    45  45     
BA065Melanitta nigra    79  79     
BA069Mergus serrator    249  249     
BA160Numenius arquata    697  697     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    300  300   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    266  266     
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    2030  2030     
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    60  60     
BA005Podiceps cristatus    16  16     
BA193Sterna hirundo    99  99     
BA191Sterna sandvicensis    81  81     
BA048Tadorna tadorna    139  139     
BA164Tringa nebularia    20  20     
BA162Tringa totanus    505  505     
BA142Vanellus vanellus    3969  3969     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Ardea cinerea    102  102               
Crambe maritima                     
Cygnus olor    150  150               
Larus argentatus    216  216               
Larus marinus    124  124               
Tachybaptus ruficollis    35  35               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0190.00
N027.00
N031.00
N041.00
N051.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Galway Bay SPA is a very large, marine-dominated, site situated on the west coast of Ireland. The inner bay is protected from exposure to Atlantic swells by the Aran Islands and Black Head. Subsidiary bays and inlets (e.g. Poulnaclough, Aughinish and Kinvarra Bays) add texture to the patterns of water movement and sediment deposition, which lends variety to the marine habitats and communities. The terraced Carboniferous (Viséan) limestone platform of the Burren sweeps down to the shore and into the sublittoral. The long shoreline is noted for its diversity, with complex mixtures of bedrock shore, shingle beach, sandy beach and fringing salt marshes. Intertidal sand and mud flats occur around much of the shoreline, with the largest areas being found on the sheltered eastern coast between Oranmore Bay and Kinvarra Bay. Seagrass beds lie off Finavarra Point. A number of small islands composed of glacial deposits are included, such as Deer Island, along with some rocky islets.

4.2 Quality and importance

Galway Bay is one of the most important ornithological sites in the western region. It supports internationally important wintering populations of Gavia immer and Branta bernicla hrota and regularly occurring nationally important populations of an additional 16 species, most notably Mergus serrator (6.7% of national total), Charadrius hiaticula (3.3% of total), Anas clypeata (2.9% of total) and Limosa lapponica (2.5% of total). It supports the largest and the most regular population of Gavia arctica in the country. The bay is an important wintering site for gulls, and is of national significance for at least Larus canus. Breeding birds of note are Phalacrocorax carbo, Sterna sandvicensis and Sterna hirundo. The site provides both feeding and roost sites for most of the species, though some birds commute to areas outside of the site. The birds of Galway Bay have been monitored annually since 1980/81. The site has one of the largest populations of Phoca vitulina in the country.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
MA08o
MD01.02o
HE01o
ME02o
HE03i
MF01i
MF02.03i
LF03.01i
MG01.01i
MG01.02i
HJ02.01.02i
MJ02.12i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
MD01.02o
MF01i
MF02.03i
LF03.01i
MG01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Colhoun, K. (2001). I-WeBS Report 1998-99. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Curtis, T.G.F. and Sheehy Skeffington, M.J. (1998). The salt marshes of Ireland: an inventory and account of their geographical variation. Biology and Environment, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 98B: 87-104. Hannon, C. (1997). The 1995 All-Ireland Tern Survey. BirdWatch Ireland Conservation Report No. 97/1. Hannon, C., Berrow, S.D., and Newton S.F. (1997). The status and distribution of breeding Sandwich Sterna sandvicensis, Roseate S. dougallii, Common S. hirundo, Arctic S. paradisaea and Little Terns S. albifrons in Ireland in 1995. Irish Birds 6: 1-22. Hunt, J., Derwin, J., Coveney, J. and Newton, S. (2000). Republic of Ireland. Pp. 365-416 in Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I. (eds). Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority Sites for Conservation 1: Northern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8). Irish Wetland Birds Survey (I-WeBS) Database, 1994/95-2000/01. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Lloyd, C. (1982). Inventory of Seabird Breeding Colonies in Republic of Ireland. Unpublished report, Forest and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Macdonald, R.A. (1987). The breeding population and distribution of the cormorant in Ireland. Irish Birds 3: 405-416. McGarrigle, M.L., Bowman, J.J., Clabby, K.J., Lucey, J., Cunningham, P., MacCarthaigh, M., Keegan, M., Cantrell, B., Lehane, M., Clenaghan, C. and Toner, P.F. (2002). Water Quality in Ireland 1998-2000. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford. Merne, O.J. (1989). Important bird areas in the Republic of Ireland. In: Grimmett, R.F.A. and Jones, T.A. (eds). Important Bird Areas in Europe. ICBP Technical Publication No. 9. Cambridge. Moore, D. and Wilson, F. (1999). National Shingle Beach Survey of Ireland 1999. Unpublished report to National Parks and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Nairn, R.G.W., ten Cate, M.E. and Sharkey, N. (2000). Long-term monitoring of wintering waterbirds in Inner Galway Bay, 1980/81 to 1999/00. Irish Birds 6: 453-468. O'Connor, B., McGrath, D., Konnecker, G., Keegan, B.F (1993). Benthic macrofaunal assemblages of Greater Galway Bay. Biology and Environment, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 93B: 127-136. Ruttledge, R.F. (1993). Birds in Counties Galway and Mayo: An account of their status and distribution. Irish Wildbird Conservancy, Dublin. Sheppard, R. (1993). Ireland's Wetland Wealth. IWC, Dublin. Whilde, A. (1983). The winter bird population of Inner Galway Bay. Irish Birds 2: 278-292. Whilde, A. (1985). The All Ireland Tern Survey 1984. Unpublished report for the Irish Wildbird Conservancy, Dublin.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
IE051.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
Inner Galway Bay+96.00
IE05Lough Rusheen Wildfowl Sanctuary*1.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Inner Galway Bay+96.00
Lough Rusheen Wildfowl Sanctuary*1.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SPA.IE0004031
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY