Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

LTKLAB010

1.3 Site name

Kuršių marios

1.4 First Compilation date

2010-04

1.5 Update date

2018-11

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:State Service for Protected Areas under the Ministry of Environment
Address:               
Email:vstt@vstt.lt

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationhttps://www.e-tar.lt/portal/lt/legalAct/TAR.D0366DA4438A

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.161900
Latitude:55.560600

2.2 Area [ha]

6648.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
LT00Lietuva

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Boreal (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1103Alosa fallax           
BA054Anas acuta    2000       
BA056Anas clypeata    100  300     
BA052Anas crecca    900       
BA050Anas penelope    2000  3500     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos             
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    2000  8000     
BA041Anser albifrons    6000  9000     
F1130Aspius aspius           
BA059Aythya ferina    3500  4500     
BA061Aythya fuligula    4000  10000     
BA067Bucephala clangula    2000  3500     
BA197Chlidonias niger                 
F1149Cobitis taenia           
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii             
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii    300  700     
BA038Cygnus cygnus    700  800     
BA038Cygnus cygnus             
BA036Cygnus olor             
BA036Cygnus olor    200       
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla             
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla    20  30     
F1099Lampetra fluviatilis           
BA177Larus minutus    1500  2000     
BA068Mergus albellus    400  1000     
BA068Mergus albellus             
BA070Mergus merganser             
BA070Mergus merganser    10000  15000     
F2522Pelecus cultratus           
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus           
F1106Salmo salar           
BA193Sterna hirundo               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N02100.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site covers exclusively the water area of the northern and eastern parts of Curonian Lagoon. Waters of the site freeze in winter, except for the approaches of the seaport, which freeze in the coldest winter periods only. However, rather large breaks of open water form in the lagoon in mild winters or during warm spells in winter. In especially warm winters the entire lagoon stays open for months.

4.2 Quality and importance

The area is important for migratory and wintering waterbirds. The site is particularly valuable as a foraging area for various bird species breeding in the surroundings - Cormorant, White-tailed Eagle and others.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LD03.01o
MD03.02i
LE03.01o
LF02.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Raudonikis L. 2004. Important Bird Areas of the European Union Importance in Lithuania. Lithuanian Ornithological Society and Institute of Ecology of Vilnius University. Lutute, Vilnius.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
LT99100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
LT99Kursiu nerija national park*5.00
LT99Kursiu marios biosphere poligon-100.00
LT99Kliosiai landscape reserve*15.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Kursiu nerija national park*5.00
Kursiu marios biosphere poligon-100.00
Kliosiai landscape reserve*15.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Nemuno delta Regional Park administration
Address:
Email:info@nemunodelta.lt
Organisation:Kuršių nerija National Park administration
Address:
Email:knnp@nerija.lt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Kuršių marių dalies gamtotvarkos planas
Link: http://gamtotvarka.am.lt/plans/167.pdf

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan of the part of Curonian Lagoon was approved by the order of the Minister of Environment No. D1-260 on 8 of May 2009.Administrations of Curonian Spit national Park and Nemunas Delta Regional Park are responsible for implementation of the management plan.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY