Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

LTTAU0006

1.3 Site name

Viešvilės aukštupio pelkynas

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-03

1.5 Update date

2019-02

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:State Service for Protected Areas under the Ministry of Environment
Address:               
Email:vstt@vstt.lt
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-03
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2009-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=339774&p_query=&p_tr2=2

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.437800
Latitude:55.146100

2.2 Area [ha]

5693.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
LT00Lietuva

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Boreal (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
2330  info      0.00 
3150  info      26.2  0.00 
3260  info      1.8  0.00   
4030  info      16.7  0.00 
6120  info      0.68  0.00 
6230  info      0.00   
6270  info      11  0.00   
7110  info      250  0.00   
7140  info      70  0.00   
7160  info      0.00   
9010  info      1139  0.00   
9050  info      17  0.00   
9080  info      626  0.00   
91D0  info      968  0.00   
91E0  info      57  0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1920Boros schneideri           
P1393Drepanocladus vernicosus           
I1082Graphoderus bilineatus                 
F1096Lampetra planeri           
I1042Leucorrhinia pectoralis                 
P1903Liparis loeselii    250  500     
M1355Lutra lutra    10     
I1060Lycaena dispar                 
M1361Lynx lynx       
F1145Misgurnus fossilis           
I1037Ophiogomphus cecilia                 
I6177Phengaris teleius                 
P1477Pulsatilla patens    10     
P1528Saxifraga hirculus    11  50     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Betula humilis                   
Betula nana                   
Brenthis daphne                   
Carex magellanica                   
Ceruchus chrysomelinus                   
Corallorhiza trifida                   
Dactylorhiza baltica                   
Dactylorhiza fuchsii                   
Dactylorhiza incarnata                   
Dactylorhiza maculata                   
Eriophorum gracile                   
Gladiolus imbricatus                   
Gnorimus variabilis                   
Hammarbya paludosa                   
Hedera helix                   
Huperzia selago                   
Listera cordata                   
Microstylis monophyllos                   
Nymphaea alba                   
Pedicularis sylvatica                   
Peltis grossa                   
Peplis portula                   
Vipera berus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N061.00
N079.00
N151.00
N1615.00
N1758.00
N1916.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Viesvile site is situated in Karsuva plain (sub-district of Lower Nemunas plain physical-geographical region), in microregion of Smalininkai-Eiciai ancient alluvial plain. It comprises Karsuva forest tract, in the central part of which Viesvile mire is located. It is a complex of mires in the upper reaches of Viesvile rivulet, surrounded by dry coniferous forests on a sandy fluvial plain with continental dunes. This mire complex is of glacial origin. The mire includes 2 large raised bogs, fens, transitional bogs and small lakes formed by glacial meltwater flows that filled the former depressions. The average depth of the peat layer in the largest Artoji bog is 3.6 m, the maximum depth - 9.8 m. The average depth of the peat layer in a smaller Glitis bog - 2.3 m, the maximum - 6,8 m. The territory lies in the old valley of Nemunas river, in sandy alluvial plain with poor podzolic soils. The average yearly temperature - +6.5°C. The average temperature of the warmest month (July) - +16.9°C, while the average temperature of the coldest month (January) - -4.4°C. The average amount of precipitation - 832 mm per year. Mire complex is surrounded by coniferous forest. Forest species composition is rather homogenous - pine woods prevail. There are no bigger lakes and rivers. The site includes a large Artoji raised bog (1072 ha), and a smaller Glitis bog (455 ha) located in the eastern part of the territory. Two small bogs are located in the western part of the site. Small dystrophic lakes Buveinis (5.4 ha) and Glitis (13.2 ha) together with the Vieðvilë and Iðtakos rivulets form a unique hydrological complex surrounded by raised bogs. Raised bog vegetation dominates, but vast areas along the rivulets are covered by sedge fens (Carex appropinquata, C.vesicaria, C.nigra) and permanently flooded forests of the black alder (with Carex acutiformis, Iris pseudacorus). The central part of the raised bog is dominated by open communities of Calluna vulgaris-Eriophorum vaginatum-Sphagnum rubellum, Baeothryon caespitosum-Sphagnum sp. Pine forests with Ledum palustre, Rubus chamaemorus grow on the slopes of the raised bog. Dry pine forests surround the mire complex. Wet spruce forests occur only along the bog edges. Other habitats include small areas of flooded meadows and forest clearings.

4.2 Quality and importance

Viesvile site is distinguished by its very mosaic and vulnerable habitats. The river Viesvile is one of the clearest tributaries of Nemunas river with almost unchanged valley. The mire complex is a very valuable nature area distinguished by particularly high diversity of flora and fauna, including numerous rare and endangered species of plants, insects, mammals and birds. It is one of the key wetlands in Lithuania playing a substantial role in the whole hydrological system of the region. The area contains representative and unique example of the natural wetland type, characteristic of the Eastern Baltic Region. It supports vulnerable, endangered and critically endangered species and threatened ecological communities, also populations of plant and animal species important for maintaining biological diversity. The site is distinguished by different landscapes: bogged sandy ancient alluvial plains with raised bogs, wavy sandy alluvial plains with coniferous forests. It supports migratory bird species providing important staging habitats.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LBi
MBo
LC01.03o
LD01.02o
LD01.02i
ME01.03o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LC01.03o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Butleris A.1997. Rare bird species in the Viesvile Strict Nature Reserve. Raudoni lapai 5: 5-8 (in Lithuanian).Lapele M (ed.).1997. Flora and fauna of the Lithuanian Strict Nature Reserves: 1-168 (in Lithuanian).Useliene A., Uselis V.1997. Rare plant species in protective zone of Viesvile Strict Nature Reserve. Raudoni Lapai 5: 31-32 (in Lithuanian)

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
LT99100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Viesvile State Strict Nature Reserve with the buffer zone was established in 1991. In 1993 it was designated as Ramasar site.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Viesvile Strict Nature Reserve administration
Address:
Email:vies.rez@viesvile.lt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY