Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

LV0200100

1.3 Site name

Gaujas nacionalais parks

1.4 First Compilation date

2002-10

1.5 Update date

2012-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Nature Conservation Agency
Address:               
Email:daba@daba.gov.lv

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-05
National legal reference of SPA designation No data
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI:2004-05
Date site designated as SAC:2004-05
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.139700
Latitude:57.290800

2.2 Area [ha]

91790.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
LV00Latvija

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Boreal (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
2180  info      53.67  0.00       
3130  info      498.4  0.00 
3140  info      32.1  0.00 
3150  info      60.54  0.00 
3160  info      71.45  0.00 
3260  info      776.51  0.00 
3270  info      2.31  0.00 
6110  info      0.01  0.00 
6120  info      16.97  0.00 
6210  info      9.94  0.00 
6230  info      2.82  0.00 
6270  info      15.31  0.00       
6430  info      0.03  0.00 
6450  info      19.95  0.00       
6510  info      58.44  0.00 
7110  info      1850.52  0.00 
7120  info      122.2  0.00 
7140  info      83.94  0.00 
7150  info      79.48  0.00 
7160  info      15.01  0.00 
7220  info      1.86  0.00 
7230  info      4.4  0.00       
8210  info      2.78  0.00 
8220  info      1.58  0.00 
8310  info      0.17  0.00 
9010  info      1835.8  0.00 
9020  info      30.82  0.00 
9080  info      0.74  0.00       
9160  info      12.52  0.00 
9180  info      1835.8  0.00 
91D0  info      1835.8  0.00 
91E0  info      238.61  0.00 
91F0  info      0.51  0.00       
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P1939Agrimonia pilosa       
BA229Alcedo atthis    60  80     
BA041Anser albifrons    500  5000     
BA039Anser fabalis    300     
BA089Aquila pomarina    15  30     
F1130Aspius aspius       
BA104Bonasa bonasia    50  75     
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    50  500     
BA031Ciconia ciconia    140  200     
BA030Ciconia nigra    10     
BA081Circus aeruginosus    10  20     
F1149Cobitis taenia       
F1163Cottus gobio       
BA122Crex crex    300  350  cmales     
P1902Cypripedium calceolus    14  23     
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos    35  40     
BA238Dendrocopos medius    30  50     
P1381Dicranum viride    area     
P1393Drepanocladus vernicosus    514  514  area     
BA236Dryocopus martius    25  30     
I1081Dytiscus latissimus    250  3000     
BA379Emberiza hortulana       
BA098Falco columbarius       
BA320Ficedula parva    150  400     
BA217Glaucidium passerinum    20  35     
I1082Graphoderus bilineatus    1000  10000     
BA127Grus grus    15  20     
BA127Grus grus    138     
I1052Hypodryas maturna    500     
F1099Lampetra fluviatilis       
F1099Lampetra fluviatilis       
F1099Lampetra fluviatilis       
F1099Lampetra fluviatilis       
F1096Lampetra planeri       
BA338Lanius collurio    130  230     
I1042Leucorrhinia pectoralis       
P1903Liparis loeselii    30  33     
BA246Lullula arborea    40  80     
M1355Lutra lutra    100  500     
I1029Margaritifera margaritifera             
F1145Misgurnus fossilis       
M1318Myotis dasycneme       
M1318Myotis dasycneme    100  300     
I1037Ophiogomphus cecilia    2000  3000     
I1084Osmoderma eremita    510  1050     
I1924Oxyporus mannerheimii       
BA094Pandion haliaetus       
BA072Pernis apivorus    10  30     
BA241Picoides tridactylus    10  15     
BA234Picus canus    10  50     
BA140Pluvialis apricaria       
BA119Porzana porzana       
P1477Pulsatilla patens    30  30     
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus       
F1106Salmo salar       
F1106Salmo salar       
F1106Salmo salar       
F1106Salmo salar       
P1528Saxifraga hirculus           
I1926Stephanopachys linearis    50     
BA307Sylvia nisoria    15     
BA409Tetrao tetrix tetrix    20  30     
BA108Tetrao urogallus       
BA166Tringa glareola    10  15     
A1166Triturus cristatus       
I1032Unio crassus    100  1000     
M1354Ursus arctos       
I4044Xylomoia strix       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acicula polita               
Ampedus erythrogonus               
Anoplodera sexguttata               
Apatura iris               
Arctium nemorosum               
Asplenium ruta-muraria               
Asplenium trichomanes               
Betula nana               
Botrychium multifidum               
Bromopsis benekenii               
Brychius elevatus               
Bulgarica cana               
Bulgarica cana               
Canis lupus                 
Carabus convexus               
Carabus coriaceus               
Carex buxbaumii               
Carex davalliana               
Carex disperma               
Carex ornithopoda               
Castor fiber               
Ceruchus chrysomelinus               
Chalcophora mariana               
Circaea lutetiana               
Clausilia cruciata               
Clausilia dubia               
Clausilia pumila               
Cnidium dubium               
Cochlodina orthostoma               
Columba oenas    10               
Corallorrhiza trifida               
Coregonus lavaretus                 
Corydalis intermedia               
Dactylorhiza baltica               
Dactylorhiza cruenta               
Dactylorhiza fuchsii               
Dactylorhiza incarnata               
Dactylorhiza maculata               
Dactylorhiza russowii               
Delphinium elatum               
Dendrophagus crenatus               
Dendroxena quadrimaculata               
Denticollis rubens               
Dicerca alni               
Diphasiastrum complanatum                 
Dorcus parallelopipedus               
Dracocephalum ruyschiana               
Equisetum scirpoides               
Eudia pavonia               
Gentiana cruciata               
Gentiana pneumonanthe               
Gentianella amarella               
Glyceria lithuanica               
Grynocharis oblonga               
Gymnadenia conopsea               
Gymnocarpium robertianum               
Gypsophila fastigiata               
Habronyx heros               
Hammarbya paludosa               
Harminius undulatus               
Helianthemum nummularium               
Iris sibirica               
Isoetes lacustris               
Jovibarba sobolifera               
Juncus squarrosus               
Lacinaria plicata               
Lasius fuliginosus               
Lathyrus linifolius               
Limax cinereoniger               
Littorella uniflora               
Lobelia dortmanna               
Lunaria rediviva               
Lycopodiella inundata                 
Lymexylon navale               
Lynx lynx                 
Macrogastra plicatula               
Macrogastra ventricosa               
Malaxis monophyllos               
Melandrya dubia               
Melanophila acuminata               
Meloe proscarabaeus               
Meloe violaceus               
Merdigera obscura               
Mergus merganser    30  60               
Myotis brandti                 
Myotis daubentoni                 
Myotis mystacinus                 
Myotis nattereri                 
Myriophyllum alterniflorum               
Onobrychis arenaria               
Orchis mascula               
Orchis militaris               
Orchis ustulata               
Orobanche pallidiflora               
Osmylus chrysops               
Papilio machaon               
Pedicularis sceptrum-carolinum               
Pinguicula vulgaris               
Platanthera bifolia               
Platanthera chlorantha               
Poa remota               
Poecilonota variolosa               
Polystichum braunii               
Primula farinosa               
Prionychus ater               
Pseudocistela ceramboides               
Pulsatilla pratensis               
Ranunculus bulbosus               
Ranunculus lanuginosus               
Ruthenica filograna               
Salix myrtilloides               
Saperda perforata               
Segmentina nitida               
Sparganium angustifolium               
Sparganium gramineum               
Stenocorus meridianus               
Thymallus thymallus                 
Trichophorum caespitosum               
Velleius dilatatus               
Vertigo ronnebyensis               
Vitrea contracta               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N062.00
N073.00
N083.00
N1222.00
N145.00
N1512.00
N1617.00
N1720.00
N1915.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Gauja National Park (Gauja NP) was founded for protection of the primeval valley of the Gauja River and its tributaries - a unique complex of natural and cultural values. Gauja NP is located in the extensive raised bog and coniferous forest geobotanical region of North Vidzeme moraine plain. Gauja River ancient valley forms a central part of Gauja NP. It is considered to be a distinctive area representing one of 3 divisions of the North Vidzeme geobotanical region. The valley is notable for its prevailing broad-leafed (Querco-Fagetea) and mixed broad-leafed forests, a remarkable amount of vascular plant species within such a comparatively small area, mosaic-like location of phytocenosis, and the history of flora and fauna under the anthropogenic influence. Besides, the valleys of Gauja River and its tributary valleys are areas comprising places of concentration of rare flora species and migration paths. According to the Law on Gauja National Park (in force since 01.01.2000) the territory of Gauja NP is divided into five functional zones: strict nature reserves (4%), restricted nature areas (31%), neutral zone (18%), landscape protection zone (44%) and zone of cultural and historical value (3%).

4.2 Quality and importance

There are located at least 16 habitats listed in Annex II of Habitats Directive - 5 types of forests, 2 types of raised bogs and mires and fens, 2 types of natural and semi-natural grassland formations, 4 types of freshwater habitats and 3 types of rocky habitats and caves. Main qualifying features are 9010* Western taiga, 9180* Tilio-Acerion forests on slopes, screes and ravines, 7160 Fennoscandian mineral rich springs and spring fens, 8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation, 91E0* Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior, 7110 Active raised bogs, 7140 Transitional mires and quaking bogs, 3130 Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters with vegetation of the Littorelletea uniflorae and/or Isoeto- Nanojuncetea, 3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharitiontype vegetation, 3160 Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds, 3260 Water courses of plain to monatne levels with the., 3270 Rivers with muddy banks with Chenopodion rubri p.p. and Bidention p.p. vegetation, 6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates, 6510 Lowland hay meadows, 8310 Caves.Gauja NP hosts 341 (202 animal, e.g. Lycaena dispar; Euphydryas aurinia; Xylomoia strix; Aquila pomarina; Crex crex; Bubo bubo; Dendrocopus leucotus and Lutra lutra; 121 plant e.g. Agrimonia pilosa; Pulsatilla patens; Cypripedium calceolus and Drepanocladus vernicosus; and 18 fungi) species of national and European importance.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Li
Mi
Hi
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Li
Li

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
LV02100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
LV02Gaujas nacionalais parks=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Gaujas nacionalais parks=100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Nature Conservation Agency
Address:
Email:daba@daba.gov.lv

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

The site management plan was approved in 2004.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:LV0200100
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY