Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

LV0302800

1.3 Site name

Engures ezers

1.4 First Compilation date

1998-11

1.5 Update date

2012-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Nature Conservation Agency
Address:               
Email:daba@daba.gov.lv

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-05
National legal reference of SPA designation No data
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI:2004-05
Date site designated as SAC:2004-05
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.145800
Latitude:57.260000

2.2 Area [ha]

12579.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
LV00Latvija
LV00Latvija
LV00Latvija

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Boreal (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      3.52  0.00       
1150  info      2.02  0.00 
1170  info      4.27  0.00       
1210  info      0.24  0.00 
1220  info      32.78  0.00 
1310  info      0.18  0.00 
1630  info      44.25  0.00 
1640  info      1.83  0.00 
2110  info      3.84  0.00 
2120  info      9.78  0.00 
2130  info      19.89  0.00 
2180  info      420.88  0.00 
2320  info      0.00 
3140  info      2951.73  0.00 
3150  info      19.75  0.00       
4030  info      2.94  0.00       
5130  info      14.6  0.00       
6120  info      12.78  0.00       
6270  info      5.14  0.00       
6410  info      22.88  0.00 
6430  info      0.00 
6510  info      5.13  0.00 
7140  info      2.73  0.00 
7210  info      109.32  0.00 
7230  info      336.57  0.00 
9010  info      313.07  0.00 
9080  info      46.79  0.00 
91D0  info      43.03  0.00 
91E0  info      65.4  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA223Aegolius funereus       
BA229Alcedo atthis    10     
BA229Alcedo atthis       
BA041Anser albifrons    500  5000     
BA039Anser fabalis    500  5000     
BA255Anthus campestris       
BA089Aquila pomarina       
BA222Asio flammeus       
BA060Aythya nyroca       
BA021Botaurus stellaris    25  35     
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    12     
BA197Chlidonias niger    100  200     
BA031Ciconia ciconia       
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA081Circus aeruginosus    15  30     
BA084Circus pygargus       
F1149Cobitis taenia         
F1163Cottus gobio       
BA122Crex crex    10     
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii       
BA038Cygnus cygnus       
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos       
P1954Dianthus arenarius ssp. arenarius    1284  1328     
BA236Dryocopus martius       
I1081Dytiscus latissimus    10300  18000     
BA027Egretta alba    250  260     
BA379Emberiza hortulana       
I6169Euphydryas maturna               
BA320Ficedula parva    50  80     
BA002Gavia arctica       
BA001Gavia stellata       
I1082Graphoderus bilineatus    600     
BA127Grus grus    10  25     
BA127Grus grus    1000  3000     
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla       
BA022Ixobrychus minutus       
F1099Lampetra fluviatilis       
F1096Lampetra planeri       
BA338Lanius collurio    10     
BA177Larus minutus    20  50     
I1042Leucorrhinia pectoralis    15000  23000     
P2216Linaria loeselii    20     
P1903Liparis loeselii    207  307     
BA246Lullula arborea    10  15     
M1355Lutra lutra       
F1145Misgurnus fossilis       
M1318Myotis dasycneme       
BA094Pandion haliaetus       
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA151Philomachus pugnax       
BA241Picoides tridactylus       
BA234Picus canus    10     
BA120Porzana parva    80  100     
BA119Porzana porzana    10  20     
P1477Pulsatilla patens       
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus       
BA195Sterna albifrons       
BA193Sterna hirundo    200  350     
BA194Sterna paradisaea       
BA409Tetrao tetrix tetrix    10  10     
BA108Tetrao urogallus       
A1166Triturus cristatus         
I1014Vertigo angustior    8000000  16000000     
I1015Vertigo genesii       
I1013Vertigo geyeri    13000000  26000000     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Aeshna viridis                 
Anser anser               
Armiger crista                 
Atriplex calotheca               
Atriplex glabriuscula               
Batrachium peltatum               
Blysmus rufus               
Botrychium virginianum               
Canis lupus                 
Carabus clathratus               
Carabus menethriesi                 
Carabus nitens                 
Carex buxbaumii               
Carex ornithopoda               
Carex paupercula               
Carex pseudobrizoides               
Carex scandinavica               
Castor fiber               
Centaurium littorale               
Centaurium pulchellum               
Chalcophora mariana               
Charadrius hiaticula                 
Cicindela maritima               
Cladium mariscus               
Coenonympha hero                   
Columba oenas               
Corallorrhiza trifida               
Coronella austriaca                 
Dactylorhiza cruenta               
Dactylorhiza fuchsii               
Dactylorhiza incarnata ssp. incarnata               
Dactylorhiza incarnata ssp. ochroleuca               
Dactylorhiza maculata               
Dentaria bulbifera               
Dolomedes plantarius                 
Emus hirtus               
Euphrasia micrantha               
Festuca altissima               
Glaux maritima               
Glyceria striata               
Gymnadenia conopsea               
Hammarbya paludosa               
Herminium monorchis               
Hydrocotyle vulgaris               
Juncus gerardii               
Laphria flava               
Larus ridibundus    5000  10000               
Lathyrus maritimus               
Lathyrus niger               
1038Leucorrhinia albifrons                   
Leucorrhinia albifrons    3000  4000             
Leucorrhinia caudalis                 
Libellula fulva                 
Limosa limosa    20               
Listera cordata               
Locustella luscinioides               
Lycopodiella inundata                 
Lycopodium annotinum                 
Lycopodium clavatum                 
Lycopodium dubium                 
Lynx lynx                 
Malaxis monophyllos               
Moerckia hibernica               
Montia fontana               
Mustela erminea               
Myrica gale               
Najas marina               
Nehalennia speciosa                 
Nehalennia speciosa               
Nothorhina punctata                 
Ophrys insectifera               
Orchis militaris               
Orobanche pallidiflora               
Panurus biarmicus               
Pedicularis sceptrum-carolinum               
Platanthera bifolia               
Platanthera chlorantha               
Poa remota               
Podiceps nigricollis               
Primula farinosa               
Pulsatilla pratensis               
Pyrola media               
Ruppia maritima               
Salix phylicifolia               
Schoenus ferrugineus               
Serratula tinctoria               
Sicista betulina               
Stenagostus rufus               
Tadorna tadorna    10  20               
Taraxacum palustre               
Techybaptes ruficollis               
Triglochin maritimum               
Viola persicifolia               
Zannichellia palustris               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0135.00
N031.00
N0613.00
N0716.00
N085.00
N122.00
N141.00
N164.00
N1718.00
N194.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Engure Lake Nature park includes the largest ancient lagoon lake in Latvia (3500 ha). Up to 40% of whole area of the lake are covered by reedbeds formed mainly by Phragmites australis, Typha angustifolia and Typa latifolia. Still quite remarkable areas are covered by different Chara sp. stands. The lake is surrounded mainly by pine forests on the eastern side and by mixed forests on the western side. There are several oldgrowth forest compartments in the forests on the western side. There are several old-growth forest compartments in the coastal area consisting of pines more than 140 years old. More than 800 vascular plant species are recorded in this area. Altogether 185 bird species are breeding there. Rare rich fen vegetation has developed in the depressions on previous lake sediments on the eastern part lake (Natura 2000 habitat codes: 7210, 7230). There are also coastal meadows near Mersrags.

4.2 Quality and importance

Main qualifying features are 3140, 2180, 7230, 7210, 1210, 1150,1630. Qualifying species are Dytiscus latissimus, Leucorrhinia pectoralis, Vertigo angustior, Vertigo genesii, Vertigo geyeri, Graphoderus bilineatus, Liparis loeselii, Dianthus arenarius arenarius, Linaria loeselii, Pulsatilla patens, Triturus cristatus, Lutra lutra, Myotis dasycneme, Lampetra planeri, Cobitis taenia, Misgurnus fossilis, Cottus gobio, Rhodeus sericeus amarus. Engure Lake is a Ramsar site since 1995 and IBA since 1989. Offshore area is a part of the site of HELCOM Convention.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04.03i
LB02.02i
MB02.04i
MD01.02i
LD01.02o
LD02.01i
MD05i
ME01.03i
LE03.01i
HF02.03i
HF03.01i
MF04i
MG01.02i
MG01.03i
MG01.03.02i
MG05i
MG05.01i
LI01i
LJ02.10i
HK02i
HK02.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA03i
LD01.01i
LD01.02o
LD02.01i
MD05i
ME01.03i
LG01.02i
MG01.03i
MJ01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
LV03100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
Engure Lake+19.00
LV03Engures dabas parks=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Engure Lake+19.00
Engures dabas parks=100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Nature Conservation Agency
Address:
Email:daba@daba.gov.lv

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Dabas parka Engures ezers dabas aizsardzibas plans
Link: http://www.daba.gov.lv/public/lat/iadt/dabas_parki/engures_ezers/

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

The first site management plan was prepared in 1999 and partly implemented by a LIFE-Nature project 2001-2004. Second plan was approved in 2011.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:LV0302800
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY