Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

MT0000006

1.3 Site name

Is-Simar (limiti ta' San Pawl il-Baħar)

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-04

1.5 Update date

2018-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:               
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-04
National legal reference of SPA designationGovernment Notice No. 112 of 2007, in accordance with the Flora, Fauna and Natural Habitats Protection Regulations, 2016 (S.L. 549.44)
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC:2016-12
National legal reference of SAC designation:Government Notice No. 1379 of 2016, in accordance with the Flora, Fauna and Natural Habitats Protection Regulations, 2016 (S.L. 549.44)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:14.379500
Latitude:35.946000

2.2 Area [ha]

58.3800

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
MT00Malta

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info      3.32  0.00 
3170  info      0.07  0.00 
5410  info      3.01  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA298Acrocephalus arundinaceus       
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon       
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon       
BA295Acrocephalus schoenobaenus       
BA297Acrocephalus scirpaceus       
BA168Actitis hypoleucos       
BA247Alauda arvensis       
BA247Alauda arvensis       
BA229Alcedo atthis       
BA229Alcedo atthis       
BA054Anas acuta       
BA056Anas clypeata       
BA052Anas crecca       
BA053Anas platyrhynchos       
BA055Anas querquedula       
BA255Anthus campestris       
BA258Anthus cervinus       
BA257Anthus pratensis       
BA257Anthus pratensis       
BA256Anthus trivialis       
F1152Aphanius fasciatus       
BA226Apus apus       
BA228Apus melba       
BA227Apus pallidus       
BA028Ardea cinerea       
BA029Ardea purpurea       
BA024Ardeola ralloides       
BA222Asio flammeus       
BA059Aythya ferina       
BA060Aythya nyroca       
BA021Botaurus stellaris       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla       
BA149Calidris alpina       
BA145Calidris minuta       
BA146Calidris temminckii       
BA366Carduelis cannabina       
BA364Carduelis carduelis       
BA363Carduelis chloris       
BA365Carduelis spinus       
BA371Carpodacus erythrinus       
BA288Cettia cetti       
BA136Charadrius dubius       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA289Cisticola juncidis       
BA113Coturnix coturnix       
BA253Delichon urbica       
BA027Egretta alba       
BA026Egretta garzetta       
R1293Elaphe situla       
P4092Elatine gussonei       
BA381Emberiza schoeniclus       
BA381Emberiza schoeniclus       
BA269Erithacus rubecula       
BA269Erithacus rubecula       
BA099Falco subbuteo       
BA096Falco tinnunculus       
BA097Falco vespertinus       
BA321Ficedula albicollis       
BA322Ficedula hypoleuca       
BA320Ficedula parva       
BA359Fringilla coelebs       
BA359Fringilla coelebs       
BA125Fulica atra       
BA125Fulica atra       
BA153Gallinago gallinago       
BA154Gallinago media       
BA123Gallinula chloropus       
BA131Himantopus himantopus       
BA299Hippolais icterina       
BA252Hirundo daurica       
BA251Hirundo rustica       
BA022Ixobrychus minutus       
BA233Jynx torquilla       
BA233Jynx torquilla       
BA341Lanius senator       
BA179Larus ridibundus       
BA292Locustella luscinioides       
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos       
BA272Luscinia svecica       
BA272Luscinia svecica       
BA152Lymnocryptes minimus       
BA230Merops apiaster       
BA281Monticola solitarius       
BA262Motacilla alba       
BA262Motacilla alba       
BA261Motacilla cinerea       
BA261Motacilla cinerea       
BA260Motacilla flava       
BA319Muscicapa striata       
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax       
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe       
BA337Oriolus oriolus       
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo       
BA151Philomachus pugnax       
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros       
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros       
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus       
BA315Phylloscopus collybita       
BA315Phylloscopus collybita       
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix       
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus       
BA140Pluvialis apricaria       
BA008Podiceps nigricollis       
BA120Porzana parva       
BA119Porzana porzana       
BA266Prunella modularis       
BA266Prunella modularis       
BA118Rallus aquaticus       
BA318Regulus ignicapillus       
BA318Regulus ignicapillus       
BA317Regulus regulus       
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros               
BA249Riparia riparia       
BA275Saxicola rubetra       
BA276Saxicola torquata       
BA276Saxicola torquata       
BA155Scolopax rusticola       
BA361Serinus serinus       
BA209Streptopelia decaocto       
BA210Streptopelia turtur       
BA351Sturnus vulgaris       
BA311Sylvia atricapilla       
BA311Sylvia atricapilla       
BA310Sylvia borin       
BA304Sylvia cantillans       
BA309Sylvia communis       
BA305Sylvia melanocephala       
BA166Tringa glareola       
BA164Tringa nebularia       
BA165Tringa ochropus       
BA162Tringa totanus       
BA285Turdus philomelos       
BA285Turdus philomelos       
BA284Turdus pilaris       
BA232Upupa epops       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N2310.45
N2610.73
N2762.35
N015.69
N085.16
N095.50
N060.12

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The wetland at Is-Simar was originally a freshwater wetland, and it was saline only close to the sea. About fifteen years ago it had been reduced to a small saline wetland through silting from surrounding agricultural land. During that time these areas were cleared with heavy machinery in an effort to restore back the orginal extent of the wetland. Nowadays, the wetland is brackish due to its close proximity to the sea and seawater seepage. A number of bird species that are typical of wetlands breed here on a regular basis.

4.2 Quality and importance

The wetland present in site and which has been artifically recreated by habitat engineering works is considered important as it provides an adequate habitat for the killifish, Aphanius fasciatus (Annex II, Habitats Directive) which is locally restricted to a few places and also threatened. It is to be noted, however, that Aphanius fasciatus never occurred naturally at Is-Simar and the population here was established from that at L-Għadira (another Natura 2000 site), itself a mixed population. In addition to the aforementioned engineering works, small areas bordering the wetland were planted with rare riparian species, mostly typical of the Populion albae community. In addition, the wetland area provides adequate habitat for a number of migratory bird species: especially rails, bitterns, moorhens and warblers that are associated with reeds. Is-Simar is one of the few places in the Maltese Islands where such migrating birds can stop to rest and feed. The garrigue present within the site actually represents a mosaic of labiate garrigue and rocky andropogonid grass steppe characterised by the plant species Hyparrhenia hirta, Andropogon distachyus, Asphodelus aestivus, Thymbra capitata, Teucrium fruticans, Chiliadenus bocconei and Asparagus aphyllus. This steppe/garrigue habitat provides an important habitat for the reptiles Podarcis filfolensis maltensis, Tarentola mauritanica, Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus, Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu, Telescopus fallax fallax, Coluber viridiflavus carbonarius and Elaphe situla (Annex II, Habitats Directive). Rainwater rock pools are found in the steppe/garrigue area but these have not been studied yet. A variety of rare flora and fauna associated with such freshwater habitats are expected to be present, including Elatine gussonei (Annex II, Habitats Directive) and Zannichellia melitensis. The carob trees found in the area include some of the oldest carob trees found locally. Tree species that are not listed as Red Data Book species but are protected include Cercis siliquastrum, Ceratonia siliqua, Rhamnus oleoides, Rhamnus alaternus, Phillyrea latifolia, Crataegus monogyna, Sambucus nigra, Pinus halepensis and Cupressus sempervirens.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Mi
Mi
Mi
Li
Mi
Mi
Li
Li
Li
Mi
Mi
Hi
Li
Lb
Mb
Mi
Mb
Mi
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Is-Simar
Link: https://era.org.mt/en/Pages/Natura-2000-Management-Planning.aspx

No, but in preparation
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:MT.ERA.MT0000006
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY