Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

MT0000006

1.3 Site name

Is-Simar (limiti ta' San Pawl il-Bahar)

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-04

1.5 Update date

2012-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:  Biodiversity Unit             
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-04
National legal reference of SPA designation No data
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:14.379400
Latitude:35.946400

2.2 Area [ha]

58.3800

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
MT00Malta

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info      3.31987  0.00 
3170  info      0.07143  0.00 
5410  info      3.01188  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA298Acrocephalus arundinaceus       
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon       
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon       
BA295Acrocephalus schoenobaenus       
BA297Acrocephalus scirpaceus       
BA297Acrocephalus scirpaceus       
BA168Actitis hypoleucos       
BA247Alauda arvensis       
BA247Alauda arvensis       
BA229Alcedo atthis       
BA229Alcedo atthis       
P4102Anacamptis urvilleana       
BA054Anas acuta       
BA056Anas clypeata       
BA052Anas crecca       
BA053Anas platyrhynchos       
BA055Anas querquedula       
BA255Anthus campestris       
BA258Anthus cervinus       
BA257Anthus pratensis       
BA257Anthus pratensis       
BA256Anthus trivialis       
F1152Aphanius fasciatus       
F1152Aphanius fasciatus       
BA226Apus apus       
BA228Apus melba       
BA227Apus pallidus       
BA227Apus pallidus       
BA028Ardea cinerea       
BA029Ardea purpurea       
BA024Ardeola ralloides       
BA222Asio flammeus       
BA059Aythya ferina       
BA060Aythya nyroca       
BA021Botaurus stellaris       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla       
BA149Calidris alpina       
BA145Calidris minuta       
BA146Calidris temminckii       
BA366Carduelis cannabina       
BA364Carduelis carduelis       
BA363Carduelis chloris       
BA365Carduelis spinus       
BA371Carpodacus erythrinus       
BA288Cettia cetti       
BA288Cettia cetti       
BA136Charadrius dubius       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA289Cisticola juncidis       
BA289Cisticola juncidis       
BA113Coturnix coturnix       
BA253Delichon urbica       
BA027Egretta alba       
BA026Egretta garzetta       
R1293Elaphe situla       
P4092Elatine gussonei       
BA381Emberiza schoeniclus       
BA381Emberiza schoeniclus       
BA269Erithacus rubecula       
BA269Erithacus rubecula       
BA099Falco subbuteo       
BA096Falco tinnunculus       
BA097Falco vespertinus       
BA321Ficedula albicollis       
BA322Ficedula hypoleuca       
BA320Ficedula parva       
BA359Fringilla coelebs       
BA359Fringilla coelebs       
BA125Fulica atra       
BA125Fulica atra       
BA153Gallinago gallinago       
BA154Gallinago media       
BA123Gallinula chloropus       
BA123Gallinula chloropus    10     
BA131Himantopus himantopus       
BA299Hippolais icterina       
BA252Hirundo daurica       
BA251Hirundo rustica       
BA022Ixobrychus minutus       
BA233Jynx torquilla       
BA233Jynx torquilla       
BA341Lanius senator       
BA179Larus ridibundus       
BA292Locustella luscinioides       
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos       
BA272Luscinia svecica       
BA272Luscinia svecica       
BA152Lymnocryptes minimus       
BA230Merops apiaster       
BA281Monticola solitarius       
BA262Motacilla alba       
BA262Motacilla alba       
BA261Motacilla cinerea       
BA261Motacilla cinerea       
BA260Motacilla flava       
BA319Muscicapa striata       
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax       
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe       
P4105Ophrys melitensis       
BA337Oriolus oriolus       
BA356Passer montanus       
BA356Passer montanus       
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo       
BA151Philomachus pugnax       
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros       
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros       
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus       
BA315Phylloscopus collybita       
BA315Phylloscopus collybita       
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix       
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus       
BA140Pluvialis apricaria       
BA008Podiceps nigricollis       
BA120Porzana parva       
BA119Porzana porzana       
BA266Prunella modularis       
BA266Prunella modularis       
BA118Rallus aquaticus       
BA118Rallus aquaticus       
BA318Regulus ignicapillus       
BA318Regulus ignicapillus       
BA317Regulus regulus       
BA249Riparia riparia       
BA275Saxicola rubetra       
BA276Saxicola torquata       
BA276Saxicola torquata       
BA155Scolopax rusticola       
BA361Serinus serinus       
BA209Streptopelia decaocto       
BA210Streptopelia turtur       
BA351Sturnus vulgaris       
BA311Sylvia atricapilla       
BA311Sylvia atricapilla       
BA310Sylvia borin       
BA304Sylvia cantillans       
BA309Sylvia communis       
BA305Sylvia melanocephala       
BA305Sylvia melanocephala       
BA166Tringa glareola       
BA164Tringa nebularia       
BA165Tringa ochropus       
BA162Tringa totanus       
BA285Turdus philomelos       
BA285Turdus philomelos       
BA284Turdus pilaris       
BA232Upupa epops       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anagyris foetida               
Asphodelus fistulosus               
Ceratonia siliqua               
Cercis siliquastrum               
Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu               
Chiliadenus bocconei               
Coluber viridiflavus carbonarius               
Convolvulus oleifolius               
Convolvulus tricolor               
Crataegus monogyna               
Cressa cretica               
Cupressus sempervirens               
Cyperus badius               
Discoglossus pictus pictus               
Fraxinus angustifolia               
Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus               
Iris pseudopumila               
Iris sicula               
Juncus acutus               
Juncus maritimus               
Laurus nobilis               
Myrtus communis               
Olea europaea               
Phagnalon graecum subsp. ginzbergeri               
Phillyrea latifolia               
Phlomis fruticosa               
Pinus halepensis               
Pipistrellus pygmaeus               
Podarcis filfolensis maltensis               
Populus alba               
Quercus ilex               
Rhamnus alaternus               
Rhamnus oleoides               
Ruppia maritima               
Sambucus nigra               
Sedum caeruleum               
Suncus etruscus               
Tamarix africana               
Tarentola mauritanica               
Telescopus fallax fallax               
Tetraclinis articulata               
Thymus capitatus               
Typha domingensis               
Urginea pancration               
Vitex agnus-castus               
Zannichellia melitensis               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N1556.00
N2313.00
N212.00
N075.00
N189.00
N085.00
N174.00
N096.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Approximately 56% of the area is agricultural land that is cultivated in an intensive manner. The garrigue present within the site (11%) actually represents a mosaic of labiate garrigue and rocky andropogonid grass steppe characterised by the plant species Hyparrhenia hirta, Andropogon distachyus, Asphodelus aestivus, Thymus capitatus, Teucrium fruticans, Chiliadenus bocconei and Asparagus aphyllus.About 9% of the site is dominated by carob, Ceratonia siliqua. A further 13% constitutes urban developments, namely road networks and pathways, residential areas and afforested areas.The wetland at Is-Simar was originally a freshwater wetland, and it was saline only close to the sea. About fifteen years ago it had been reduced to a small saline wetland through silting from surrounding agricultural land. During that time these areas were cleared with heavy machinery in an effort to restore back the orginal extent of the wetland. Nowadays, the wetland is brackish due to its close proximity to the sea and seawater seepage. A number of bird species that are typical of wetlands breed here on a regular basis.

4.2 Quality and importance

The wetland present on site and which has been artifically recreated by habitat engineering works is considered important as it provides an adequate habitat for the killifish, Aphanius fasciatus (Annex II, Habitats Directive) which is locally restricted to a few places and threatened. It is to be noted, however, that Aphanius fasciatus never occurred naturally at Is-Simar and the population there was established from that at L-Ghadira (another Natura 2000 site), itself a mixed population. In addition to the aforementioned engineering works, small areas bordering the wetland were planted with rare riparian species, mostly typical of the Populion albae community.In addition, the wetland area provides adequate habitat for a number of migratory bird species: especially rails, bitterns, moorhens and warblers that are associated with reeds. Is-Simar is one of the few places in the Maltese Islands where such migrating birds can stop to rest and feed.The steppe/garrigue habitat at this site provides an important habitat for the reptiles Podarcis filfolensis maltensis, Tarentola mauritanica, Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus, Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu, Telescopus fallax fallax, Coluber viridiflavus carbonarius and Elaphe situla (Annex II, Habitats Directive). Rainwater rock pools are found in the steppe/garrigue area but these have not been studied yet. A variety of rare flora and fauna associated with such freshwater habitats are expected to be present, including the Maltese Waterwort (Elatine gussonei (Annex II, Habitats Directive) and the Maltese Pondweed (Zannichellia melitensis).The carob trees found in the area include some of the oldest carob trees found locally. Tree species that are not listed as Red Data Book species but are protected through Legal Notice 12 of 2001 (Trees and Woodlands Protection Regulations) include Cercis siliquastrum, Ceratonia siliqua, Rhamnus oleoides, Rhamnus alaternus, Phillyrea latifolia, Crataegus monogyna, Sambucus nigra, Pinus halepensis and Cupressus sempervirens.Note on section: Ecological Information - Habitats The Relative Surface given for 3170 is based on expert advice.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
ME03.03i
LF03.02.09i
LD01.02o
LK02.02i
LK01.01i
LJ01o
LJ02.11i
HH01i
HH05i
MG02.08i
LA10i
LK01.03i
MD01.02i
ME01i
MB01.02b
HK01.02i
LE01.02i
LE03.01i
MG05i
MG01.08i
HI03.02i
MK05i
LF03.02.01i
HA08i
HA01i
MI01i
LE05i
MK06i
LF04i
LG05.01i
MK05i
LD01.01i
ME04.01i
MJ02.05.02i
MG01.03o
LF04o
HI03.01i
HA07b
MJ02i
LF03.02b
MK02.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04.03o
MJ02.10i
LA04.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:MT0000006
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY