Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

MT0000013

1.3 Site name

Ic-Cittadella

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-04

1.5 Update date

2012-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:  Biodiversity Unit             
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:14.240300
Latitude:36.047500

2.2 Area [ha]

2.0700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
MT00Malta

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P4114Linaria pseudolaxiflora    101  250     
M1307Myotis blythii       
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros         
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Antirrhinum siculum               
Carlina involucrata               
Chamomilla aurea    101  250               
Darniella melitensis               
Matthiola incana subsp. melitensis               
Onthophilus globulosus               
Pipistrellus kuhlii               
Pipistrellus pygmaeus               
Podarcis filfolensis maltensis               
Tadarida teniotis               
Trochoidea spratti               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N23100.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Ic-Cittadella (Citadel) consisits mainly of fortifications, and thus it is largely composed of old buildings surrounded by bastions. A small population of Linaria pseudolaxiflora (Annex II - Habitats Directive) is present on the ramparts. This site is at times also referred to as 'Il-Kastell'.

4.2 Quality and importance

Ic-Cittadella is located towards the centre of the island of Gozo on a high promontory. As such it is also affected by maritime influence, as can be deduced from the flora in the area. Ic-Cittadella is essentially constructed with local limestone, and thus provides similar habitats as coastal fissures in limestone. Hence, it houses an array of species that are usually found in crevices in rock, or boulder screes in the coastal region. These include the endemic Darniella melitensis and the Pelago-maltese endemic, Linaria pseudolaxiflora, which occur within the walls and fortifications of Ic-Cittadella. Darniella melitensis: endemic; protected through national legislation; these shrubs are found on the bastion walls, rock-faces and fortified ramparts and embankments within the walls of Ic-Cittadella Linaria pseudolaxiflora: the national RDB status indicates that it is locally rare with a restricted distribution in the Mediterranean and Maltese Islands; it is a Pelago-Maltese endemic restricted to Malta and Linosa; it is very rare in Malta, but less so in Gozo; apart from its citation in Annex II of the Habitats Directive, it is also protected through national legislation and included in Appendix I of the Bern Convention Chamomilla aurea (= Matricaria aurea): only known to be found within the walls of Ic-Cittadella in the Maltese Islands and it is known to have a restricted distribution even in the Mediterranean (national RDB); the populations of Malta, Lampedusa and Cyprus seem to belong to a different form from that occurring in the rest of the Mediterranean; it is considered as a species of national interest whose conservation requires designation of protected areas Antirrhinum siculum is a subendemic: a siculo-maltese endemic; it was originally endemic to Sicily and Malta, but is now also naturalised in many parts of the Mediterranean With respect to important fauna, Onthophilus globulosus (RDB: Rare; only found at this site) and Trochoidea spratti (RDB: endemic snail; a large population) are found. Podarcis filfolensis maltensis, a Maltese endemic lizard, is also present. It is protected through national legislation. Podarcis filfolensis is listed in Annex IV of the EU Habitats Directive, in Appendix II of the Bern Convention and in Resolution No. 6 of 1998 (lists the species requiring special habitat conservation measures) of the Standing Committee of the Bern Convention.Geckoes were also observed at the site, but the species was not identified. Two gecko species are found in Malta: Tarentola mauritanica and Hemidactylus turcicus, and both may be present at the site in question. Bats are also found at the site. It is relevant to note that all Maltese bats are threatened as their roosting places are often removed or disturbed. Rhinolophus hipposideros: this is found within a man-made tunnel network inside the Citadel outer walls; single bats use such tunnels during winter months; though there was a sharp decline in this species in the mid-1990s the number seems to have stabilised; it is locally threatened due to human disturbance in winter roosts, destruction of feeding habitat and pesticides; it is protected through national legislation and listed in a number of international treaties (Bern, Bonn, Eurobats) Myotis blythii punicus: stains and droppings of this species have been noted in a number of tunnels but actual bats were not encountered yet; they may be making use of inaccessible tunnels; this is locally vulnerable (National RDB); it is protected through national and international legislation as for the above species; this species is of particular interest as apart from the Maltese Islands it only occurs in Corsica, Sardinia and parts of northern Tunisia Tadarida teniotis: its original roosting hole was blocked during restoration of the fortification walls in 1997; its new roosting site has not as yet been identified, but probably it is not far away from the original one; it was not included in the National RDB (1989) as it was reported later; however, its status can be considered as vulnerable; it is protected through both national and international legislation Pipistrellus kuhli: this has been heard feeding along the walls of Cittadella but roosting sites have not been found yet; this is locally rare (National RDB); it is protected through national and international legislation as for the above species Pipistrellus pygmaeus: this has been heard feeding along the walls of Cittadella but roosting sites have not been found yet; it is considered to be a vulnerable species in the Maltese Islands (National RDB) and is protected through national and international legislation as above.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HF04i
HG05.01i
MA04.03o
HI01o
HE01.02o
MA02o
MG05i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LXi

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:MT0000013
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY