Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

MT0000017

1.3 Site name

Kemmuna u l-Gżejjer ta' Madwarha

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-04

1.5 Update date

2018-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:               
Email:natura2000@era.org.mt

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-04
National legal reference of SPA designationGovernment Notice No. 112 of 2007, in accordance with the Flora, Fauna and Natural Habitats Protection Regulations, 2016 (S.L. 549.44)
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC:2016-12
National legal reference of SAC designation:Government Notice No. 1379 of 2016, in accordance with the Flora, Fauna and Natural Habitats Protection Regulations, 2016 (S.L. 549.44)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:14.336300
Latitude:36.012900

2.2 Area [ha]

294.6400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
MT00Malta

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      24.77  0.00 
1420  info      0.52  0.00 
2210  info      0.12  0.00 
3170  info      0.74  0.00 
5330  info      93.55  0.00 
5410  info      89.13  0.00 
6220  info      0.75  0.00 
8210  info      6.13  0.00 
92D0  info      0.31  0.00 
9320  info      1.9  0.00 
9540  info      1.69  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla       
BA010Calonectris diomedea    15  20     
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA096Falco tinnunculus       
BA097Falco vespertinus       
P4114Linaria pseudolaxiflora       
BA073Milvus migrans       
M1307Myotis blythii               
BA464Puffinus yelkouan    50  80     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros               
BA351Sturnus vulgaris       
BA303Sylvia conspicillata       
BA305Sylvia melanocephala       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N091.37
N060.25
N237.78
N030.18
N0878.00
N040.04
N170.57
N271.21
N0510.49
N180.11

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

4.2 Quality and importance

Kemmuna is a small island lying mid-way between Malta and Gozo; surrounded by a number of small islets known as Kemmunett, Il-Ħaġriet ta' bejn il-Kmiemen and l-Iskoll ta' Taħt il-Mazz. The cliff sides on the southern and eastern areas of Kemmuna are characterised by scarps and boulders. The cliffs support Senecio leucanthemifolius, a very rare species having a restricted distribution in the Maltese Islands, which is also protected under national legislation. The cliffs are colonised by typical rupestral vegetation which characterises habitats of Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation. The coastline between the northern and western areas of Kemmuna is indented with coves and inlets. The sea caves of Kemmuna apparently support small colonies of bats. The national distribution range for Pipistrellus kuhli – classified as rare under the national RDB, Pipistrellus pygmaeus, and the Plecotus austriacus – classified as vulnerable under the national RDB, covers also Kemmuna apart from Gozo and Malta. Bats are protected through national legislation. The rocky coast of the islands supports a number of national RDB species such as Anthemis urvilleana, a low-growing endemic, and Plantago crypsoides. Other species include the Limonium virgatum – listed in the national RDB as rare with a restricted distribution in the Maltese Islands, Limonium melitensis, Limonium zeraphae - a rare endemic species, and Crucianella rupestris. Also present is Sedum litoreum which is frequent in rocky parts along the coast. The West Mediterranean clifftop phryganas (Astragalo-Plantaginetum subulatae) and the Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub, which dominate the surface of Kemmuna, are dominated by Anthyllis hermanniae and Euphorbia melitensis; as well as labiate garrigue species such as Teucrium fruticans. The garrigue supports a number of endemic species, which include Chiliadenus bocconei, Allium lojaconoi and Anacamptis urvilleana, which is listed in the national RDB, since it is a rare species of orchid with a restricted distribution in the Maltese Islands. The latter is also protected through national legislation. Other species that inhabit these habitat type include: Periploca angustifolia, Convolvulus oleifolius, Sedum caeruleum, Euphorbia exigua var. pycnophylla, Hedysarum spinosissimum, Satureja microphylla, Thymbra capitata, Allium melitense, Euphorbia melitensis, and Scilla sicula. Most of these species are afforded legal protection or listed in the national RDB due to their restricted nature or their endemism.The few rock pools in the karstland support the endemic Zannichellia melitensis. It is legally protected and listed in the national RDB because it is rare with a restricted distribution in the Maltese Islands, since it is normally confined to pools on rocky ground. Branchipus sp. is another characteristic species of such rock pools. This taxon is also included in the national RDB, also due to its restricted distribution and rarity in the Maltese Islands. It should be noted that the mapping for Mediterranean temporary ponds has not been fully comprehensive. This is because there are only a few interspersed rockpools in the site despite the presence of limestone. An area has been marked under this habitat type at the area of Tal-Bieqa, which approximately indicates the area where a number of rock pools are found. A small area of Kemmuna and Kemmunett is also characterised by Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea, with Brachypodium retusum typifing these areas. In addition, small areas around Kemmuna are also covered by maquis dominated by Olea europaea and Ceratonia siliqua – hence making these areas Olea and Ceratonia forests. Both these typical species protected under national legislation. In addition, these areas also contain Pistacia lentiscus, which is also protected under national legislation, as well as Teucrium flavum and Lonicera implexa. Many rare and threatened species are also known from the islet of Kemmunett, including Anacamptis urvilleana and the national RDB-listed Mesembryanthemum crystallinum.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Mi
Hi
Hi
Hi
Hb
Mi
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Kemmuna u l-Gżejjer ta’ Madwarha
Link: https://era.org.mt/en/Pages/Natura-2000-Management-Planning.aspx

No, but in preparation
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:MT.ERA.MT0000017
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY