Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

MT0000018

1.3 Site name

L-Inhawi tal-Buskett u tal-Girgenti

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-04

1.5 Update date

2012-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:  Biodiversity Unit             
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-04
National legal reference of SPA designation No data
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:14.403100
Latitude:35.858100

2.2 Area [ha]

244.7100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
MT00Malta

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3170  info      0.00 
5230  info      4.8  0.00 
5330  info      4.6  0.00 
8310  info      0.00 
92A0  info      2.9  0.00 
9320  info      3.7  0.00 
9340  info      0.6  0.00 
9540  info      16.7  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus       
BA294Acrocephalus paludicola       
BA089Aquila pomarina       
BA288Cettia cetti       
BA288Cettia cetti       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA289Cisticola juncidis       
BA289Cisticola juncidis       
BA122Crex crex             
R1293Elaphe situla       
P4092Elatine gussonei       
BA101Falco biarmicus             
BA100Falco eleonorae       
BA095Falco naumanni       
BA099Falco subbuteo       
BA096Falco tinnunculus       
BA359Fringilla coelebs       
BA359Fringilla coelebs       
BA359Fringilla coelebs       
BA251Hirundo rustica       
BA251Hirundo rustica       
BA341Lanius senator       
BA341Lanius senator       
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos       
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos       
BA319Muscicapa striata       
BA319Muscicapa striata       
M1307Myotis blythii    40       
I4051Myrmecophilus baronii       
BA072Pernis apivorus       
P1395Petalophyllum ralfsii       
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    10     
BA361Serinus serinus       
BA361Serinus serinus       
BA361Serinus serinus       
BA305Sylvia melanocephala       
BA305Sylvia melanocephala       
BA305Sylvia melanocephala       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Adonis microcarpa               
Agrostemma githago                 
Aleurolobus teucrii               
Allium melitense               
Allium triquetrum               
Aloe vera               
Althaea hirsuta               
Anagyris foetida               
Anemone hortensis                 
Apis mellifera ruttneri               
Arcyria cinerea               
Arcyria denudata               
Arcyria oerstedtii               
Argiope bruennichi               
Armadillidium aelleni               
Atelerix algirus               
Bathytropa schembrii               
Bellevalia romana               
Boletopsis grisea               
Boletopsis leucomelaena               
Boletus pulverulentus               
Bombus terrestris               
Calystegia x lucana               
Carduncellus coeruleus               
Carex distans               
Carex divulsa               
Carex otrubae               
Centaurea melitensis               
Centranthus ruber               
Ceratonia siliqua               
Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu               
Chamaeleo chamaeleon               
Chiliadenus bocconei               
Chthonius girgentiensis               
Clematis cirrhosa               
Coluber viridiflavus carbonarius               
Comatricha nigra               
Comatricha tenerrima               
Convolvulus tricolor subsp. cupanianus               
Crassula tillaea               
Crataegus azarolus               
Crataegus monogyna               
Cribraria argillacea               
Cribraria cancellata               
Cribraria violacea               
Crocus longiflorus               
Cydia sammuti               
Dictydiaethalium plumbeum               
Didymium difforme               
Didymium minus               
Didymium nigripes               
Didymium squamulosum               
Discoglossus pictus pictus               
Dracunculus vulgaris               
Ectobius kraussianus               
Eleocharis palustris               
Ephesia nymphaea               
Epilobium parviflorum               
Equisetum ramosissimum               
Eukoenenia christiani               
Euphorbia aleppica               
Euphorbia characias               
Euphorbia dendroides               
Euphorbia melitensis               
Filago cossyrensis               
Fissideus taxifolius               
Fraxinus angustifolia               
Fumaria bicolor               
Glebionis segetum               
Glyceria plicata               
Gracilia minuta               
Hedera helix               
Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus               
Hibiscus trionum                 
Iris foetidissima               
Ischnura genei               
Kundmannia sicula               
Lamproderma scintillans               
Lathyrus amphicarpos               
Lathyrus annuus               
Lathyrus gorgoni               
Lathyrus inconspicuus               
Lathyrus setifolius               
Lathyrus sphaericus               
Laurus nobilis               
Lemna minor               
Lycogala flavofuscum               
Medicago arabica               
Metatrichia vesparium               
Mustela nivalis               
Muticaria macrostoma               
Myrtus communis               
Ornithogalum divergens               
Orobanche cernua               
Orobanche hederae               
Orobanche lavandulacea               
Otiorhynchus moriger               
Palpimanus punctatus               
Papilio machaon melitensis               
Perichaena chrysosperma               
Perichaena corticalis               
Periploca angustifolia               
Persicaria salicifolia               
Persicaria senegalense               
Phellinus rimosus               
Phillyrea latifolia               
Phlomis fruticosa               
Physarum nutans               
Physarum viride               
Pinus halepensis               
Pinus pinea               
Pipistrellus pygmaeus               
Pisidium casertanum               
Pistacia terebinthus               
Plecotus austriacus               
Podarcis filfolensis maltensis               
Polygonum mite                 
Potamogeton pectinatrius               
Pseudoamnicola melitensis               
Pulicaria dysenterica               
Quercus ilex               
Rosa gallica               
Ruscus hypophyllum               
Salvia fruticosa               
Sambucus ebulus               
Sambucus nigra               
Sarcosphaera coronaria               
Sarcosphaera eximia               
Satureja microphylla               
Scilla clusii               
Sedum caeruleum               
Senecio bicolor               
Serapias vomeracea               
Spartium junceum               
Sphenopus divaricatus               
Spiranthes spiralis               
Stachys ocymastrum               
Stemonitis flavogenita               
Stemonitis splendens               
Stemonitopsis typhina               
Stenidia troberti               
Stropharia coronilla               
Suillus collinitus               
Suncus etruscus               
Tarentola mauritanica               
Tinodes maclachani               
Trichia contorta               
Trichia decipiens               
Trichia varia               
Trichorina bonadonai               
Trochoidea spratti               
Tubifera microsperma               
Ulmus canescens               
Ulmus minor               
Valerianella truncata               
Verbascum creticum               
Vicia bithynica               
Vicia narbonensis               
Vicia sativa subsp. amphicarpa               
Vicia tetrasperma               
Viola odorata                 
Vitrea contracta               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N1910.00
N087.00
N063.00
N1560.00
N168.00
N176.00
N216.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Buskett, located in the western-southwestern coast of Malta, is one of the few wooded areas of the Maltese Islands. The area is rich in biodiversity and has been declared as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International, particularly due to its international importance for raptor migration. The site also houses a number of biotopes and species listed in the respective Annexes of the EU Wild Birds and Habitats Directive. Buskett is also a popular recreational resort, in particular during the winter season for Maltese and tourists alike.

4.2 Quality and importance

The Buskett/Girgenti Natura 2000 site is a large valley system which supports several habitat types. i. Gnien il-Kbir/Gnien iz-Zghir system is characterised by a riparian vegetation based on Salix alba (this is the only extant native station where this tree is known), Salix pedicellata, Populus alba and Ulmus canescens. Isolated remnants of Quercus ilex also cover some expanses of land.ii. The Buskett area (Il-Gonna tal-Buskett and Il-Palazz ta' Verdala) is a semi- natural woodland based on Pinus halepensis and Ceratonia siliqua trees. It is important for many wood-associated species, including invertebrates (snails and indigenous beetles) and mycoflora (such as Boletopsis grisea, Sacrosphaera coronaria). Other flora, including undergrowth species such as Ruscus hypophyllum (very rare), Rhamnus alaternus, Iris foetidissima (only recorded locality), Scilla clusii (possibly endemic), Kundmannia sicula and various other orchids, are also found within this area.iii. One of the most important features at this Natura 2000 site is the native Populetum albae riparian woodland at Wied il-Luq consisting of Populus alba, Fraxinus angustifolia (only site where this is known), Ulmus minor and Quercus robur. The watercourse is important for many species such as Carex divulsa, Calystegia x lucana, Physa acuta and Discoglossus pictus. This area is also important for lepidoptera and flatworms.iv. The Bosk area is a Quercus ilex forest remnant, also supporting a maquis with Laurus nobilis, Rhamnus alaternus, Pistacia spp. and Crataegus spp. The woodland itself and nearby open spaces are also important as a concentration point for birds of prey, many of which are of international importance. In fact the site is declared as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.Buskett is very important for woodland and wood-associating species as well as for those of leaf-litter and for cryptofauna in general. These include a number of insects, woodlice and spiders that are only known from Buskett or two/three other places in the Maltese Islands. v. A permanent freshwater spring occurs at Ghajn il-Kbira (Girgenti). Due to the limited cover of this habitat type in the Maltese Islands, the species associated with this habitat type are very rare and threatened, such as the Vetch Vicia bithynica, the pondweed Potamogeton pectinatus and the Butcher's Broom Ruscus hypophyllum, which are known to occur only at Ghajn il-Kbira. Moreover, the Freshwater mussel Pisidium casertarum occurs in only 2-3 localities in the Maltese Islands - Ghajn il-Kbira is one of these sites. vi. Caves also occur within this area. The Ghar ta' l-Inkwizitur for example contains a number of endemic species and is an important roosting site for Rhinolophus hipposideros (Annex II species), Myotis blythii punicus (Annex II species) and Plecotus austriacus. The cave at Girgenti is a very important site for bats and also for cave-dwelling invertebrates, which are often endemics and known only in this cave.vii. The area found at Ix-Xaghra ta' Laroka, Ta' Zuta and the Girgenti areas consist of mixed garrigue characterised by Thymus capitatus, Anthyliis hermanniae, Rhamnus oleiodes, Erica multiflora, Teucrium fruticans, Teucrium flavum, Lonicera implexa and Asparagus aphyllus. Other species include orchids, mostly Ophrys species. This is the only site for the critically endangered Salvia fruticosa. In the most exposed areas, the karstland exhibits a rocky steppe aspect and is dominated by Asphodelus aestivus and Hyparrhenia hirta. These areas are also rich in shrubs such as Pistacia lentiscus, Ceratonia siliqua, Prunus spp., Punica granatum and Crataegus spp. Disturbance is however intense in some areas and components of a disturbed steppic assemblage such as Foeniculum vulgaris, Ferula communis and Glebonis coronaria are found.viii. The site also harbours an afforested recreational area in which various threatened species have been planted including Tetraclinis articulata, Chaemaerops humilis and Pistacia terebinthus. The dominant trees here are Olea europaea and Pinus halepensis. ix. A considerable part of this Natura 2000 site, in particular the peripheries, consists of agricultural land which is still in use. Fruit trees, in particular stone fruit trees and citrus trees are most commonly grown. In some areas, though agriculture is not intensive and land is dry farmed, threatened agro-species have been reported from this area. The status of these species however requires verification since no surveys were carried out in this respect, e.g. the very rare Adonis microcarpa, the rare Glebionis segetum, Agrostemma githago and Hibiscus trionum have not been recently reported from the Maltese Islands.The agricultural land is also important for rubble walls which, apart from their agricultural and cultural value, are also an important habitat for reptiles, small mammals and other plants. Other important species: - Petalophyllum ralfsii is a bryophyte with a restricted distribution in the Mediterranean, and is only found at few localities across the Maltese Islands - Myrmecophilus baronii is a flightless Pelago-Maltese cricket which is listed as very rare with a restricted distrubution in the Maltese Islands. It lives in association with the ants Componotus barbarious and Messor structor. It has been recently recorded from Buskett; one of the only known two localities in the Maltese Islands. - Myotis blythii punicus is known to roost and breed in the nearby caves and thus utilises Buskett as a feeding ground. This bat is very vulnerable with a restricted distribution in the Maltese Islands. - The Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius breeds on the escarpments surrouding Buskett, while Buskett is the main feeding ground.The site is also important for fungi such as Boletopsis grisea and Sarcosphaera coronaria. Some fungi are only known from here or 2-3 other sites in the Maltese Islands. Note on section: Ecological Information - Habitats The habitat code 3170 Mediterranean temporary ponds has not been mapped, and hence no % cover was given, since this habitat type still needs detailed surveying. The habitat code 8310 Caves not open to the public was not as yet mapped and hence the % cover was left blank. The Relative Surface given for 3170 & 8310 is based on expert advice.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HC01.01.01i
MH05i
MF04i
MG05.01i
ME01.03i
MK01.01i
LF03.01b
MJ02b
MG01o
MG01.08o
MF03.02.01i
ME04.01i
MA01o
MBb
MB01.02b
ME03.02i
LE04.01o
HB02.03o
ML09i
MD02.01o
ME02i
MB02.04o
MI01b
HG01i
LE01.03o
HE03.03i
ME03i
LE03.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04.03o
ML09i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:MT0000018
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY