Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

MT0000020

1.3 Site name

L-Inhawi tax-Xlendi u tal-Wied tal-Kantra

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-04

1.5 Update date

2012-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:  Biodiversity Unit             
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:14.214700
Latitude:36.031400

2.2 Area [ha]

296.3000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
MT00Malta

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      32.36  0.00 
3140  info      0.00 
3170  info      0.00 
5330  info      0.00 
8210  info      7.23  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA229Alcedo atthis       
P4102Anacamptis urvilleana       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla       
BA010Calonectris diomedea    100  300     
BA288Cettia cetti       
P4079Cremnophyton lanfrancoi       
P4092Elatine gussonei       
BA123Gallinula chloropus       
P4084Hyoseris frutescens       
BA022Ixobrychus minutus       
BA459Larus cachinnans       
BA459Larus cachinnans       
BA383Miliaria calandra       
BA281Monticola solitarius       
M1307Myotis blythii       
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax       
BA337Oriolus oriolus       
P4085Palaeocyanus crassifolius       
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA464Puffinus yelkouan    30     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros       
BA303Sylvia conspicillata       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Ajuga reptans               
Allium melitense               
Allium neapolitanum               
Allium triquetrum               
Aloe vera               
Althaea officinalis               
Anacyclus fluviatilis               
Anthemis urvilleana               
Anthirrinium siculum               
Antitinea deluccae               
Apium graveolens               
Armadillidium schmalfussi               
Asplenium ceterach               
Asplenium marinum               
Asplenium sagittatum               
Ballota nigra               
Calendula suffruticosa var. gussonii               
Callitriche truncata               
Cardamine hirsuta               
Carex otrubae               
Carlina involucrata               
Carychium cf. schlickumi               
Centaurea melitensis               
Ceratonia siliqua               
Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu               
Chara vulgaris               
Chiliadenus bocconei               
Coluber viridiflavus carbonarius               
Crataegus azarolus               
Crataegus monogyna               
Crocidura sicula calypso               
Crucianella rupestris               
Damasonium bourgaei               
Darniella melitensis               
Daucus rupestris               
Desmazeria pignattii               
Discoglossus pictus pictus               
Echinogammarus ebusitanus               
Epidola melitensis               
Equisetum ramosissimum               
Euphorbia characias/melapetala               
Euphorbia dendroides               
Euphorbia melitensis               
Gladiolus byzantinus               
Gladiolus dubius               
Glebionis segetum               
Haemopis sanguisuga               
Haplodrassus signifer               
Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus               
Hypericum aegypticum               
Iris sicula               
Juncellus dystachyos               
Juncus acutus               
Laurus nobilis               
Limonium melitense               
Limonium virgatum               
Lymnaea truncatula               
Lythrum hyssopifolia               
Matthiola incana subsp. melitensis               
Medicago arabica               
Mercuria cf. similis               
Muticaria macrostoma               
Muticaria macrostoma mamotica               
Oecobius kahmanni               
Ogcodes schembrii               
Olea europaea               
Ononis ornithopodioides               
Ophrys speculum               
Orchestria gammarellus               
Orobanche lavandulacea               
Orobanche minor               
Orobanche muteli f. melitensis               
Orthetrum brunneum               
Paliurus spina-christi               
Paratettix meridionalis               
Parietaria lusitanica               
Periploca angustifolia               
Phagnalon graecum subsp. ginzbergeri               
Physa acuta               
Pipistrellus sp.               
Pisidium casertanum               
Pisidium personatum               
Pistacia lentiscus               
Planorbis moquini               
Podarcis filfolensis maltensis               
Populus alba               
Porcellio lamellatus               
Potamon fluviatile lanfrancoi               
Praeacedes atomosella               
Pseudoamnicola melitensis               
Punica granatum               
Ranunculus saniculaefolius               
Rhamnus oleoides               
Rhipidogammarus rhipidophorus               
Riccia melitensis               
Rubus caesius               
Sambucus ebulus               
Sedum caeruleum               
Sedum caespitosum               
Selaginella denticulata               
Senecio bicolor               
Senecio leucanthemifolius               
Silene fruticosa               
Spiranthes spiralis               
Tamarix africana               
Tamarix gallica               
Tarentola mauritanica               
Thesium humile               
Thymus capitatus               
Trochoidea gharlapsi               
Trochoidea spratti               
Urginea pancration               
Vacchellia thorellii               
Valerianella muricata               
Vicia tetrasperma               
Zannichellia melitensis               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N1710.00
N0812.00
N095.00
N201.00
N2310.00
N052.00
N1520.00
N1235.00
N065.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

This Natura 2000 site is one of the largest protected areas in the Maltese Islands. It extends from the central part of the island of Gozo to the South-Eastern coast, and includes the whole valley systems of Wied Xlendi and Wied tal-Kantra, both of which end in the inlet of Xlendi. The sides of these valley systems include cultivated agricultural land, rock escarpments with natural vegetation, and promontories bounded by sea cliffs along the coast on either side of Xlendi Bay.Wied tal-Lunzjata forms the upper part of Wied Xlendi and its diverse habitats attract a large and diverse avifauna, and in fact this area serves as a staging post for a number of migratory birds. Wied tal-Lunzjata is one of the few remaining valleys of the Maltese Islands with a permanent freshwater supply. Various species that are associated with this freswater habitat are found in the valley bed, and these are very rare and/or endemic and/or found only in a few other localities or are restricted to Wied ix-Xlendi valley system.The plateau off the area of Ta' Kantra provides a unique plant community that thrives on an exposed flat conglomerate bed of phosphatic nodules which in itself also represents a rare geological feature in the Maltese Islands.

4.2 Quality and importance

This Natura 2000 site is one of the largest protected areas in the Maltese Islands. The area extends from the central part of the island of Gozo to the South-Eastern coast, and includes the whole valley systems of Wied Xlendi (starting from its tributaries, namely Wied il-Hmar, Wied tal-Lunzjata, Wied il-Gharab and Wied tal-Ghancija) and Wied tal-Kantra, both of which end in the inlet of Xlendi. The sides of the valley system includes cultivated agricultural land, rock escarpments with natural vegetation, and promontories bounded by sea cliffs along the coast on either side of Xlendi Bay. Wied tal-Lunzjata is one of the few remaining valleys of the Maltese Islands with a permanent freshwater supply. Various plant, mollusc, crustacean, insect and other invertebrate species that are associated with this freswater habitat are found in the valley bed. Such species are either very rare in the Maltese Islands and found only in a few other localities or are restricted to Wied ix-Xlendi valley system. Plant species include Phragmites australis, Arundo donax, Apium nodiflorum, the rare Apium graveolens, Ranunculus muricatus, Mentha pulegium and Rumex spp. A small number of individual Populus alba trees are found further downstream. Important fauna includes the only known Maltese population of Haemopis sanguisuga; the best population of the Maltese freshwater crab Potamon fluviatile lanfrancoi in Gozo; the only population of Planorbis moquini; very good populations of the otherwise rare Physa acuta; the endangered Pseudamnicola melitensis and Mercuria cf. similis (this species may be present as an endemic form); and a small population of Pisidium pea-mussels that are otherwise known from another two localities in the Maltese Islands. Furthermore, the valley system also provides adequate breeding ground for Discoglossus pictus.Wied tal-Lunzjata forms the upper part of Wied Xlendi and its diverse habitats attract a large and diverse avifauna, including crakes, rails, egrets and herons that are associated with thick reed growth along the stream bed; as well as harriers and honey buzzards, and flycatchers, warblers, chats, thrushes, finches and buntings that are attracted to the dense vegetation cover mostly provided by carob trees. Overall, Wied tal-Lunzjata serves as a staging post for such migratory birds.The vertical sea cliffs themsleves support typical rupestral communities. Important plant species include the endemic Hyoseris frutescens, Cremnophyton lanfrancoi, and Palaeocyanus crassifolius, all Annex II species (Habitats Directive) and Matthiola incana subsp. melitensis. Trochoidea gharlapsi, a mollusc endemic to the Maltese Islands, is also found here. These cliffs and other sea caves found within the site also provide suitable nesting habitat for the bird species Monticola solitarius, Calonectris diomedea (Annex I species, Birds Directive) and Puffinus yelkouan (Annex I species, Birds Directive).The promontory areas support maritime garrigue, other coastal garrigue and steppe communities. Various garrigue communities occur and these are characterised by Euphorbia dendroides, E. melitensis, Thymus capitatus and Erica multiflora. These garrigue areas support many threatened and/or endemic species listed in section 3.3. The garrigue in the area of Dahar il-Fekruna promontory within Wied tax-Xlendi represents the only known locality for the endemic Muticaria macrostoma mamotica. The very rare Euphorbia characias is known from Xlendi. Maltese plants of this species require further investigation, since they show some similarity with Euphorbia melapetala, which is a Sicilian endemic of uncertain taxonomic status. While providing suitable habitat for garrigue species, these areas also contain Mediterranean temporary ponds (Annex I Habitats Directive priority habitat)- an important habitat for plant species, including Elatine gussonei (Habitats Directive, Annex II), Damasonium bourgaei, Callitriche truncata, Chara vulgaris, Zannichellia melitensis, Ranunculus saniculaefolius and Lythrum hyssopilfolia. Such temporary freshwater ponds have not been thoroughly studied yet and it is expected that this habitat supports several other species of flora and fauna as well. Among the fauna species, Branchipus sp. is known to occur.The area is also characterised by traditional rubble/dry stone walls, constructed to retain soil. These walls are important for Crocidura sicula calypso, an endemic shrew (Habitats Directive, Annex IV) and various other reptiles including Coluber viridiflavus carbonarius, Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu, Tarentola mauritanica, Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus and Podarcis filfolensis maltensis.A considerable portion of land is used for agriculture. Some agro-species are reported from the area, including the very rare and declining Glebionis segetum. However, such fields were not surveyed in detail and more information is required.The plateau off Ta' Kantra provides a unique community based upon Darniella melitensis, Limonium melitensis, Anthemis urvilleana, Hedysarum glomeratum, Senecio leucanthemifolius, Silene colorata, Hordeum marinum and Avena wiestii. This community thrives on an exposed flat conglomerate bed of phosphatic nodules which in itself also represents a rare geological feature in the Maltese Islands.Xlendi is also very important because it houses endemic and sub-endemic species including: Palaeocyanus crassifolius (Habitats Directive, Annex II), Cremnophyton lanfrancoi (Habitats Directive, Annex II), Hyoseris frutescens (Habitats Directive, Annex II), Darniella melitensis, Matthiola incana melitensis, Anthemis urvilleana, Anacamptis urvilleana (Habitats Directive, Annex II), Zannichellia melitensis, Elatine gussonei, Riccia melitensis, Allium melitense, Anthirrinium siculum, Calendula sicula, Chiliadenus bocconei, Daucus rupestris, Euphorbia melitensis, Iris sicula, Limonium melitensis, Senecio bicolor, Crocidura sicula calypso, Discoglosssus pictus, Muticaria macrostoma, Muticaria macrostoma mamotica, Potamon fluviatile lanfrancoi, Mercuria cf. similis, Pseudamnicola melitensis, Antitinea deluccae and Epidola melitensis.The area is also the type locality for the endemic liverwort Riccia melitensis and the only known locality from where the endemic Maltese Tineid Moth Antitinea deluccae has been recorded.Note on section: Ecological Information - Habitats The areas covered by 1240 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Mediterranean coasts with endemic Limonium and 8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation coincide with each other and hence the % cover for 1240 has been left blank. The code 5330 Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub occurs independently and also in conjunction with other codes, namely with 1240 (Vegetated sea cliffs of the Mediterranean coasts with endemic Limonium spp.) & 8210 (Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation) as well as with 3140 (Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp.) & 3170 (Mediterranean temporary ponds). Hence, the percentage of the area covered by 5330, and by the code combinations including 5330, has been entered once under 5330. The Relative Surface given for 3170 is based on expert advice.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LE03.01i
HJ02.05.02b
MA10i
MK01.01i
HA02i
HJ02.05b
HG01.01o
MB01.02o
HK01.02i
HK02.02i
HJ02.02i
MG01.02i
MG01.08i
LJ01b
HH05b
HA09i
HI01i
HE04.01i
LG01.03o
HJ02.06o
HD06i
HH01b
LF06i
HD01.01i
HK01.03i
HG05o
HK05i
HJ02.01.03i
LF04b
HG05.01i
HB01.02i
MA04i
LF03.02o
HA08i
LA07o
HG01.03i
HE03i
LA04.03b
HK02.03i
HD01.02i
ME03.03i
MG05.04i
HE01i
HA07i
HE02.03i
HE01.02i
HJ02b
HE01.01i
HH06.01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
LA04.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:MT0000020
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY