Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Il-Qortin tal-Magun u l-Qortin il-Kbir

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:  Biodiversity Unit    
Date site proposed as SCI:2006-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3170  info      0.00 
5330  info      8.88  0.00 
5410  info      19  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Althaea hirsuta               
Anthyllis hermanniae               
Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. maura               
Cistus monspeliensis               
Cladonia convoluta               
Coluber viridiflavus carbonarius               
Convolvulus cf. oleifolius               
Erica multiflora               
Euphorbia dendroides               
Euphorbia melitensis               
Muticaria macrostoma oscitans               
Olea europaea s.str.               
Ophrys speculum               
Periploca angustifolia               
Phagnalon graecum subsp. ginzbergeri               
Podarcis filfolensis maltensis               
Scilla sicula               
Sedum caeruleum               
Serapias vomeracea               
Thymus capitatus               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Il-Qortin tal-Magun, otherwise known as Il-Magun, is a type of exposedpromontory occurring in the E-SE of the island of Gozo in the limits of Nadur,above Wied Gragel and Dahlet Qorrot valley system.The area is hewn in Upper Coralline Limestone, and is rather exposed toNortherly winds. The vegetation present forms the habitat type referred to asphrygana, though carob formations are also present. The site, in fact, provides an exceptional mature phrygana habitat, perhaps the best example of phrygana in the Maltese Islands, and the site is of ecological importance due to the presence of such a habitat type.

4.2 Quality and importance

In view of the existing rare and highly localised species within the phrygana community at the site in question, the area is ecologically of great importance. It is probably the best example of natural phrygana in the Maltese Islands; in fact, apart from its aesthetic value, it is also rather rich in species. The whole area is characterised by Anthyllis phrygana, combined with Cistus monspeliensis, together with labiate garrigue and pre-desert scrub, the latter being characterised by Thymus capitatus, Teucrium fruticans, Prasium majus, Euphorbia melitensis and Euphorbia dendroides. Cistus monspeliensis is present across most of the area. Even in the few areas where it is not dominant, it is still present in significant amounts. Constant changes in dominance amongst species as one moves towards the sea can be easily noted as the phrygana and pre-desert scrub species, namely Cistus monspeliensis, Anthyllis hermanniae, Euphorbia dendroides and Thymus capitatus, alternate in dominance.Other phrygana / garrigue species present include: - Erica multiflora and Phagnalon sp. along the coastal strip - Teucrium flavum and Prasium majus mostly in the inlandmost sheltered partsof the phrygana - Rhamnus oleoides, Teucrium fruticans, Periploca angustifolia, Euphorbia melitensis, Ruta chalepensis, Asphodelus aestivus, Plantago serraria, Olea europaea and Rhamnus oleoides are also presentA few kamenitzas are present, with Lythrum hyssopifolia and Sedum caeruleumbeing the dominant species. These rock pools are known to be in a relatievly healthy state, especially since they are not subjected to significant negative pressures. However, since they are dynamic and interspersed they have not been mapped.Lichens and mosses are also frequent, while various orchid species have been recorded throughout the years.A small population of Scilla sicula is found in the area. This has a restricted distribution in the Maltese Islands and also across the Mediterranean. With respect to fauna, Muticaria macrostoma oscitans is widespread, as is Pomatias sulcatus. The reptiles Coluber viridiflavus carbonarius and Podarcis filfolensis maltensis can be observed at this site.Note on Crepis pusilla: This Annex II species was recorded from the site by Borg, J. (1927): Descriptive Flora of the Maltese Islands. Malta: Government Printing Office, 846pp. However, there were no other more recent records confirmed from the site.Note on section: Ecological Information - Habitats The Relative Surface given for 3170 is based on expert advice.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation



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