Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

MT0000102

1.3 Site name

Zona fil-Bahar fl-Inhawi ta' Ghar Lapsi u ta' Filfla

1.4 First Compilation date

2010-08

1.5 Update date

2012-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:  Biodiversity Unit             
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt
Date site proposed as SCI:2010-08
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:14.421700
Latitude:35.800800

2.2 Area [ha]

2450.5100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1120  info      150.95  0.00 
1170  info      223.98  0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
PCystoseira spinosa                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Astroides calycularis               
Centrostephanus longispinus               
Cladocora caespitosa               
Cymodocea nodosa               
Cystoseira schiffneri               
Luria lurida               
Ophidiaster ophidianus               
Palinurus elephas               
Paracentrotus lividus               
Posidonia oceanica               
Sargassum vulgare               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N01100.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is a repository of various marine habitats that are also found in otherareas around the Maltese islands; amongst these is the priority habitat constituting the sea-grass Posidonia.

4.2 Quality and importance

The marine area around Filfla has been shortlisted by the Structure Plan for theMaltese Islands as a candidate Marine Protected Area (MPA).The islet itself is a strict nature reserve and a Natura 2000 site (MT0000016),whereas both the islet and its surrounding marine area are considered as anImportant Bird Area (IBA) of EU Importance by BirdLife Malta. (The islet ofFilfla is also considered a Global Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.) Despite the fact that most of the marine species recorded on site are common around the rest of the Maltese Islands, the site's location, the relatively high species richness and the relatively unpolluted waters of the site justify its protection. Indeed, this site hosts a rich and diverse biota, reflecting a heterogenous bottom.Considering the Posidonia beds, from a survey carried out in 2002, it was discovered that in the Ghar Lapsi area, the Posidonia meadow's rhizome primaryproduction values are amongst the higher values for the Mediterranean Sea.Furthermore, the general environmental conditions of the site were classified asnormal and higher abnormal. The classification used was based on Pergent et. al(1995). Cymodocea and Posidonia are relatively common along the coast of the island of Malta.The reefs that exist to the south of the island of Malta are in a very good status. Associations with Cystoseira, Flabellia and Peyssonnelia are relatively abundant in the area very close to Filfla.Note on section: Ecological Information - Habitats The extent of national territory covered by Annex I marine habitat types 1110 & 1170 is not known; hence the relative surface fields were left blank.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MG05b
MD03.02o
LD03.02i
LF03.01o
LG05.01i
LH02o
MF02.02b
LG01.01i
LF02.01.01b
LF06b
HG01.03o
MF02.03b
LD03.01i
MF02.01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MF02.02b
LF03.01o
MD03.02o
LG05.01i
HG05b
LD03.01i
MF02.01b
LF02.01.01b
HG01.03o
MF02.03i
LG01.01i
LH01i
LD03.02i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
MT99100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
MT99Zona fil-Bahar fl-inhawi ta' Ghar Lapsi u ta' Filfla=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Zona fil-Bahar fl-inhawi ta' Ghar Lapsi u ta' Filfla=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The site is designated as a Special Area of Conservation of International Importance via Government Notice 851 of 2010, as declared through the provisions of the Flora, Fauna and Natural Habitats Regulations of 2006 (Legal Notice 311 of 2006).This marine site is afforded some degree of protection also under the Malta Maritime Act (Cap. 352): Government Notice 173 of 1990 (issued under the auspices of Legal Notice 117 of 1975 - Berthing Regulations) refers to an area of one nautical mile radius around Filfla. Unless authorised, no vessel or boat or other craft, may be berthed, moored or anchored and no person may swim or carry out any kind of activity connected with underwater diving or sea sport. This does not apply to activities connected with fishing carried out directly from a vessel, boat or any other craft.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:MT0000102
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY