Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

MT0000104

1.3 Site name

Zona fil-Bahar fl-Inhawi ta' Mgarr ix-Xini (Ghawdex)

1.4 First Compilation date

2010-08

1.5 Update date

2012-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:  Biodiversity Unit             
Email:natura.2000@mepa.org.mt
Date site proposed as SCI:2010-08
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:14.273300
Latitude:36.018600

2.2 Area [ha]

30.5600

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      0.09  0.00   
1120  info      1.9  0.00 
1170  info      1.44  0.00   
8330  info      0.00           
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Astroides calycularis               
Centrostephanus longispinus               
Cymodocea nodosa               
Cystoseira amentacea               
Cystoseira compressa               
Cystoseira crinita               
Cystoseira ercegovicii               
Cystoseira spinosa               
Dardanus callidus               
Lithothamnion coralloides               
Ophidiaster ophidianus               
Paracentrotus lividus               
Perobiona massiliana               
Phallium undulatum               
Phymatolithon calcareum               
Pinna nobilis               
Posidonia oceanica               
Scyllarides latus               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N01100.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

This site hosts interesting geomorphological characteristics. Most of the shorealong the sides and mouth of the inlet present at this site consists of a vertical face and drop-offs, with boulders and large cobbles lying on the bottom of the base. At the head of the inlet, the bottom consists of an accumulation of pebbles, small boulders and cobbles. In the inner and central parts, the bottom consists of soft sediment. The site presents typical examples of a range of habitats occurring in the Maltese Islands, which are in a moderately pristine state within this site, particularly those associated with sandy bottoms and steep rock faces.

4.2 Quality and importance

The Posidonia present within this site comprises small patches with average shootdensities. The shoots have an average of 5 leaves and heavy epiphytic growth. Inthe mouth of the inlet the Posidonia has a shoot density approximately three times as that of other patches found within this site, and an average of 6 leaves per shoot. None of the Posidonia patches appears to possess a well developed matte. The Posidonia meadows present within this site are semi-isolated since there is little continuity with meadows present in other coastal areas.The biotopes present in the inlet and beyond its mouth are typical of ones foundalong the southwestern coast of the Maltese Islands where the prevailing bottomtype is steeply sloping rock or consists of submarine cliffs with extensive forests of photophilic algae.Small populations of important fauna can be found, including populations of Pinnanobilis, Centrostephanus longispinus and Scyllarides latus. The site also hosts the hermit crab and the gastropod Phallium undulatum at a shallower level than the normal depth at which they are generally found.A significant area of reefs is occupied by an association with Flabellia petiolata and Peyssonnelia squamaria. Other important associations include that with Dictyopteris polypodioides. Two fully submerged caves are present below the shore on the western side of the inlet. These caves support typical cave species, including some (for example the stony sponge Petrobiona massilliana) protected locally and internationally.Sand banks are also present at this site. In fact, vegetation belonging to the Cymodoceion nodosae is present in several places inside the inlet present at this site, where it mainly forms monospecific stands. Note on section: Ecological Information - Habitats The extent of national territory covered by Annex I marine habitat types 1110, 1170 & 8330 is not known; hence the relative surface fields were left blank. Caves (8330) are present on site, but have not been mapped; hence the % cover at this site was left blank.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LE06o
LA07o
LF02.01.01b
LG05.01i
LG01.01o
LA08o
LF06i
LH01b
LG05i
MG01.01i
LG01.03o
MF02.03b
LE02.03o
LF02.02b
LD03.01i
MF03.01o
LF02.01b
LH02b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LH01b
LG05.01b
LF02.02b
LF02.03o
LA08o
MF03.01o
LE02.03o
LH02b
LG01.03o
LD03.01i
LF02.01.01b
LA07o
LG05i
LG01.01o
LF06i
LF02.01b
LE06o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
MT99100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
MT99Zona fil-bahar fl-inhawi ta' Mgarr ix-Xini (Ghawdex)=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Zona fil-bahar fl-inhawi ta' Mgarr ix-Xini (Ghawdex)=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The site is designated as a Special Area of Conservation of International Importance via Government Notice 851 of 2010, as declared through the provisions of the Flora, Fauna and Natural Habitats Regulations of 2006 (Legal Notice 311 of 2006).

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:MT0000104
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY