Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

NL9801001

1.3 Site name

Waddenzee

1.4 First Compilation date

1998-11

1.5 Update date

2016-11

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality - Department Nature & Biodiversity
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1991-11
National legal reference of SPA designationhttp://www.synbiosys.alterra.nl/natura2000/documenten/gebieden/001/n2k_001_db_hvn_waddenzee.pdf

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:5.248800
Latitude:53.271100

2.2 Area [ha]

271771.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

99.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
NL11Groningen
NL12Friesland

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (100.00 %) Marine Atlantic (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA054Anas acuta    5900  5900     
BA056Anas clypeata    750  750     
BA052Anas crecca    5000  5000     
BA050Anas penelope    33100  33100     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    25400  25400     
BA051Anas strepera    320  320     
BA043Anser anser    7000  7000     
BA039Anser fabalis    22000  22000     
BA169Arenaria interpres    2200  2200     
BA222Asio flammeus       
BA062Aythya marila    3100  3100     
BA046Branta bernicla    26400  26400     
BA045Branta leucopsis    36800  36800     
BA067Bucephala clangula    100  100     
BA144Calidris alba    3700  3700     
BA149Calidris alpina    206000  206000     
BA143Calidris canutus    44000  44000     
BA147Calidris ferruginea    2000  2000     
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    14  14     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    62  62     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    1800  1800     
BA197Chlidonias niger    23000  23000     
BA081Circus aeruginosus    28  28     
BA082Circus cyaneus       
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii    1600  1600     
BA103Falco peregrinus    40  40     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    130000  130000     
BA183Larus fuscus    19000  19000     
BA157Limosa lapponica    54400  54400     
BA156Limosa limosa    1100  1100     
BA070Mergus merganser    70  70     
BA069Mergus serrator    150  150     
BA160Numenius arquata    96200  96200     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    4200  4200     
BA034Platalea leucorodia    430  430     
BA034Platalea leucorodia    520  520     
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    19200  19200     
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    22300  22300     
BA005Podiceps cristatus    310  310     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    3800  3800     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    6700  6700     
BA063Somateria mollissima    68000  68000     
BA063Somateria mollissima    5000  5000     
BA195Sterna albifrons    160  160     
BA193Sterna hirundo    5300  5300     
BA194Sterna paradisaea    1500  1500     
BA191Sterna sandvicensis    14000  14000     
BA048Tadorna tadorna    38400  38400     
BA161Tringa erythropus    1200  1200     
BA164Tringa nebularia    1900  1900     
BA162Tringa totanus    16500  16500     
BA142Vanellus vanellus    10800  10800     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0155.00
N0239.00
N033.00
N042.00
N101.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Together with the Danish and German sections, the Wadden Sea (Waddenzee) is the largest intertidal area in Europe. The Dutch section is bounded by the Waddeneilanden and the mainland. It was separated from Lake IJsselmeer (NL9803028) in 1932 and from the Lauwerszee (NL9802012) in 1969. The Wadden Sea consists of mudflats, sandflats, saltmarshes, shallowly submerged sandbanks, and estuaries.The site includes the permanent water and mudflats of the Wadden Sea, the adjacent saltmarshes of Texel, Vlieland, Terschelling, Ameland, and Schiermonnikoog (of which the main dune areas are included in NL2003057-060) and a number of small uninhabited isles and sand flats. The most important of these being Griend between Harlingen and Terschelling. It is a small, crescent-shaped island with beaches, intertidal mudflats and sandflats, and raised saltmarshes. The island was reinforced by building a 2.5 km long dyke on the northern side in 1987 with sand supplementation in 1988 to enlarge the breeding area for terns Sterna. xxx SPA Waddenzee adjacent to the Dollard (Germany) and it belongs to an ecosystem that continues into Germany (Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer). xxx 

4.2 Quality and importance

The following data refer to the period 1993-1997 (data in paragraph 3.2a-b refer te period 1999-2003). The Wadden Sea is a major breeding, staging, wintering, feeding and moulting area for huge numbers of many duck, goose, wader, gull and tern species.  xxx One of the five most important sites for (breeding): Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia, Avocet Recuvirostra avosetta, Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis, Common Tern Sterna hirundo, Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea, Little Tern Sterna albifrons; (non-breeding): Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia, Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus, Avocet Recuvirostra avocetta, Eurasian Golden-Plover Pluvialis apricaria, Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica, Black Tern Chlidonias niger. xxx Species meeting the 1% threshold (breeding): Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia (13,9%), Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta (15,2%), Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus (8,6%), Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis (14,3%), Common Tern Sterna hirundo (9,2%); (non-breeding): Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia (43,0%), Bewick`s Swan Cygnus bewickii (3,6%), Bean Goose Anser fabalis rossicus (1,1%), Greylag Goose Anser anser (2,1%), Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis (35,7%), Brent Goose Branta bernicla (40,9%), Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna (16,6%), Eurasian Wigeon Anas [Mareca] penelope (7,0%), Common Teal Anas crecca (1,9%), Northern Pintail Anas acuta (8,5%), Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata (1,9%), Greater Scaup Aythya marila (6,4%), Common Eider Somateria mollissima (7,1%), Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus (24,2%), Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta (16,6%), Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula (3,2%), Eurasian Golden-Plover Pluvialis apricaria (2,9%), Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola (21,0%), Knot Calidris canutus (17,4%), Sanderling Calidris alba (4,1%), Dunlin Calidris alpina (21,7%), Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica (19,1%), Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata (31,5%), Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus (5,5%), Common Redshank Tringa totanus (24,7%), Turnstone Arenaria interpres (5,9%), Black Tern Chlidonias niger (17,8%). xxx The site regularly supports more than 20,000 wintering waterbirds: average peak number 111,121 (1991/92-1995/96). xxx Site includes IBA001, 002, 005-6, 009, 011-14, 016-17 (IBA2000). xxx An extensive are of mudflats.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LD02.01b
LE02b
LE01i
MG01b
LG05.07b
LD03i
LG04i
LJ02.11i
LC03.03b
LC02b
LL07i
LH03.01b
LM01b
LJ02.02.02i
LD01b
LF01.03b
MF02b
MF06b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Tempel Rvanden Osieck ER. 1994., Areas important for birds in the Netherlands., Techn Rapport Vogelbescherming 13E, Vogelbescherming Nederland, Zeist --- Jong Fde Bakker JF Dankers N Dahl K ea. 1993., Quality Status Report of the North Sea. Subregion 10. The Wadden Sea., Common Wadden Sea Secretariat, Wilhelmshaven --- Osieck ER. 1996., Veranderingen van vogelaantallen in belangrijke wetlands., Techn Rapport Vogelbescherming 17, Vogelbescherming Nederland, Zeist --- Jong Fde Bakker J Berkel Cvan ea. 1999., 1999 Wadden Sea Quality Status Report., Wadden Sea Ecosystem9CWSS / TMAG / QSRGroup, Wilhelmshaven --- Jong Fde Bakker J Berkel Cvan ea. 2000., 1999 Waddenzee Quality Status Rapport., RIKZ Rapport 2000.008, RIKZ/Rijkswaterstaat/CWSS, Haren/Leeuwarden --- Roomen Mvan Boele A Weide Mvander Winden Evan ea. 2000., Belangrijke vogelgebieden in Nederland 1993-97. Actueel overzicht van, Europese vogelwaarden in aangewezen en aan te wijzen speciale, beschermingszones en andere belangrijke gebieden., SOVON Informatierapport2000/01 SOVON, Beek-Ubbergen --- Dijksen L Koks B. 2000., Broedvogelmonitoring in het Nederlandse Waddengebied in 1998., SOVON Monitoringrapport 2000/01, SOVON, Beek-Ubbergen --- Rasmussen LM Fleet DM Hlterlein B Koks BJ ea. 2000., Breeding Birds in the Wadden Sea in 1996. Results of a total survey in 1996, and of numbers of colony breeding species between 1991 and 1996., Wadden Sea Ecosystem 10, Common Wadden Sea Secretariat, Wilhelmshaven --- Kleefstra R Koks B Roomen Mvan Winden Evan. 2002., Watervogels in de Nederlandse Waddenzee in 1999/2000., SOVON Monitoringrapport 2002.01, SOVON, Beek-Ubbergen --- Jong MLde Ens BJ Kats RKH. 2002., Aantallen Eidereenden in en rond het Waddengebied in januari en maart 2002., Alterra Rapport 630, Alterra, Wageningen --- Koks B Roomen Mvan. 2003., Afname van Eider, Scholekster en Kanoet in de Waddenzee: zoeken naar, parallellen., SOVON Nieuws 16.2: 4-6; SOVON & CBS (2006) Trends van vogels in het Nederlandse Natura 2000 netwerk. SOVON Vogelonderzoek Nederland, Beek-Ubbergen

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
NL01100.00
NL221.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Rijkswaterstaat Noord-Nederland
Address:
Email:aante.nicolai@rws.nl

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Natura 2000-beheerplan Waddnzee - periode 2016-2022
Link: http://www.synbiosys.alterra.nl/natura2000/documenten/gebieden/001/beheerplan/waddenzee%20beheerplan.pdf

No, but in preparation
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY