Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

NL9802021

1.3 Site name

Grevelingen

1.4 First Compilation date

2000-03

1.5 Update date

2007-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Natura 2000 Department, Ministry of Economical Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2000-03
National legal reference of SPA designation No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:3.985000
Latitude:51.741667

2.2 Area [ha]

13831.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
NL33Zuid-Holland
NL34Zeeland

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA054Anas acuta    170  170     
BA054Anas acuta    300  300     
BA056Anas clypeata    140  140     
BA056Anas clypeata    82  82     
BA052Anas crecca    1500  1500     
BA052Anas crecca    2100  2100     
BA050Anas penelope    12600  12600     
BA050Anas penelope    12100  12100     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    6100  6100     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    8300  8300     
BA051Anas strepera    1400  1400     
BA051Anas strepera    660  660     
BA041Anser albifrons    480  480     
BA041Anser albifrons    1000  1000     
BA043Anser anser    2500  2500     
BA043Anser anser    2000  2000     
BA169Arenaria interpres    57  57     
BA169Arenaria interpres    70  70     
BA046Branta bernicla    4000  4000     
BA046Branta bernicla    3400  3400     
BA045Branta leucopsis    12700  12700     
BA045Branta leucopsis    5700  5700     
BA067Bucephala clangula    2100  2100     
BA067Bucephala clangula    1100  1100     
BA149Calidris alpina    1800  1800     
BA149Calidris alpina    1600  1600     
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    77  77     
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    64  64     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    19  19     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    180  180     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    20  20     
BA081Circus aeruginosus    17  17     
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii    15  15     
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii       
BA026Egretta garzetta    190  190     
BA026Egretta garzetta       
BA103Falco peregrinus    10  10     
BA125Fulica atra    4100  4100     
BA125Fulica atra    6100  6100     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    690  690     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    900  900     
BA157Limosa lapponica    65  65     
BA157Limosa lapponica    120  120     
BA069Mergus serrator    5000  5000     
BA069Mergus serrator    3100  3100     
BA160Numenius arquata    910  910     
BA160Numenius arquata    920  920     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    1100  1100     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    110  110     
BA034Platalea leucorodia       
BA034Platalea leucorodia    340  340     
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    9300  9300     
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    11100  11100     
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    450  450     
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    190  190     
BA007Podiceps auritus    89  89     
BA007Podiceps auritus    47  47     
BA005Podiceps cristatus    2100  2100     
BA005Podiceps cristatus    6600  6600     
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    820  820     
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    5500  5500     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    270  270     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    230  230     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    30  30     
BA195Sterna albifrons    28  28     
BA193Sterna hirundo    420  420     
BA191Sterna sandvicensis    3200  3200     
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    170  170     
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    140  140     
BA048Tadorna tadorna    1200  1200     
BA048Tadorna tadorna    1400  1400     
BA162Tringa totanus    150  150     
BA162Tringa totanus    360  360     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Bufo calamita                     
Larus argentatus    1156  1156               
Rana arvalis                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0178.00
N104.00
N165.00
N0311.00
N071.00
N061.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

A former estuary, 18 km in length, which was closed from the sea in 1971. It is now a stagnant saline lake, mostly bordered by dykes with islets, sand-dunes and wet meadows. It adjoins SPA Voordelta (NL9802017) to the west, and SPA Krammer-Volkerak (NL1000021) and SPA Oosterschelde (NL3009016) to the east.

4.2 Quality and importance

The following data refer to the period 1993-1997 (data in paragraph 3.2a-b refer te period 1999-2003). This clear, saline lake is especially attractive to piscivorous waterbirds, xxx and the grassland bordering the northern shores (Slikken van Flakkee) is one of the main feeding sites of Branta leucopsis in south-west Netherlands. The site holds important roosts of geese. xxx Species meeting the 1% threshold (breeding): Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta (1,4%), Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis (4,2%), (non-breeding): Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus (8,2%), Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis (2,0%), Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia (2,9%), Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis (7,8%), Brent Goose Branta bernicla (1,1%), Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula (1,4%), Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator (5,4%). xxx One of the five most important sites for (breeding): Avocet Recuvirostra avosetta, Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis; (non-breeding): Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus, Little Egret Egretta garzetta, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus.The site regularly supports more than 20,000 wintering waterbirds: average peak number 52,420 (1991/92-1995/96). xxx Site largely overlaps with IBA 027 (IBA2000).

4.5 Documentation

Tempel Rvanden Osieck ER. 1994., Areas important for birds in the Netherlands., Techn Rapport Vogelbescherming 13E, Vogelbescherming Nederland, Zeist --- Osieck ER. 1996., Veranderingen van vogelaantallen in belangrijke wetlands., Techn Rapport Vogelbescherming 17, Vogelbescherming Nederland, Zeist --- Roomen Mvan Boele A Weide Mvander Winden Evan ea. 2000., Belangrijke vogelgebieden in Nederland 1993-97. Actueel overzicht van, Europese vogelwaarden in aangewezen en aan te wijzen speciale, beschermingszones en andere belangrijke gebieden., SOVON Informatierapport 2000/01. SOVON, Beek-Ubbergen --- Meiniger PL Strucker RCW. 2001., Kustbroedvogels in het Deltagebied in 2000., RIKZ Rapport 2001.015, RIKZ, Middelburg --- Hoeksema HJ. 2002., Grevelingenmeer van kwetsbaar naar weerbaar Een beschrijving van de, ontwikkelingen van 1996 tot 2001 en een toetsing aan het beleid.., RIKZ Rapport 2002.033, RIKZ, Middelburg --- Berrevoets CM Strucker RCW Arts FA Meininger PL. 2003., Watervogels in de Zoute Delta 2001/2002., RIKZ Rapport 2003.001, RIKZ, Middelburg; SOVON & CBS (2006) Trends van vogels in het Nederlandse Natura 2000 netwerk. SOVON Vogelonderzoek Nederland, Beek-Ubbergen

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
NL01100.00
NL2161.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IN00GREVELINGEN=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other GREVELINGEN=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Twinned to Tipperne (DK). (Partly) Qualifies for Ramsar.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:State Forestry Service, P.O.Box 1300, NL-3920 BH Driebergen and Recreatieschap Grevelingen.
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Beheersplan Rijkswateren 2001-2004 , Waterbeheersplan Grevelingen 1999-2003, Beleidsplan 1998-2007 (Natuur- en Recreatieschap de Grevelingen)

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY