Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

PTCON0028

1.3 Site name

Gardunha

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-06

1.5 Update date

2015-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas, I.P.
Address:               
Email:icnf@icnf.pt
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-06
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-7.510921
Latitude:40.098966

2.2 Area [ha]

5935.2600

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
PT16Centro (P)

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4030  info      0.00   
4090  info      0.00   
6310  info      0.00           
91E0  info      0.00   
9230  info      0.00   
9260  info      0.00   
9330  info      0.00         
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA255Anthus campestris                 
P1840Asphodelus bento-rainhae    10000  50000     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla                 
A1172Chioglossa lusitanica           
BA080Circaetus gallicus                 
A1194Discoglossus galganoi                 
BA379Emberiza hortulana                 
I1065Euphydryas aurinia                   
P1885Festuca elegans           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus                 
BA300Hippolais polyglotta                 
R1259Lacerta schreiberi           
BA246Lullula arborea                 
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos                 
M1355Lutra lutra           
R1221Mauremys leprosa                 
BA073Milvus migrans                 
BA278Oenanthe hispanica                 
BA337Oriolus oriolus                 
BA313Phylloscopus bonelli                 
F1123Rutilus alburnoides                 
BA210Streptopelia turtur                 
BA304Sylvia cantillans                 
BA309Sylvia communis                 
BA302Sylvia undata                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1191Alytes obstetricans                     
Anomobryum lusitanicum                   
1283Coronella austriaca                     
6284Epidalea calamita                     
1360Genetta genetta                     
1359Herpestes ichneumon                     
1203Hyla arborea                     
1205Hyla meridionalis                     
2004Lacerta lepida                   
5701Lissotriton boscai                   
2465Macroprotodon cucullatus                   
1864Narcissus bulbocodium                     
1996Narcissus triandrus                     
Orthotrichum ibericum                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                     
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                     
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                     
2428Podarcis hispanica                   
1216Rana iberica                     
1211Rana perezi                     
1849Ruscus aculeatus                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                     
1691Teucrium salviastrum ssp. salviastrum                     
1174Triturus marmoratus                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0842.00
N2114.00
N2223.00
N061.00
N075.00
N1615.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

A Serra da Gardunha localiza-se na zona ocidental do Sistema Montanhoso Central Ibérico (Beira Baixa) dividindo a “Campina de Castelo Branco” da Cova da Beira. A paisagem da Serra da Gardunha, com afloramentos e cristas de xisto e granito, possui uma forte componente de intervenção humana com uma matriz de áreas agrícolas, com especial destaque para os cerejais, e florestais de resinosas, conservando no entanto áreas ocupadas por formações naturais e semi-naturais detentoras de uma significativa e valiosa diversidade biológica.

4.2 Quality and importance

A vertente Norte da Serra é caracterizada pela presença de habitats bem conservados de castinçais (Castanea sativa) (9260), explorados em regime de talhadia (corte de varas), e carvalhais de carvalho-roble ou alvarinho (Quercus robur) e carvalho-negral ou carvalho-pardo-das-beiras (Quercus pyrenaica) (9230), aos quais surge associada a abrótea (Asphodelus bento-rainhae), endemismo lusitano exclusivo deste sistema montanhoso. Na vertente Sul ocorre uma grande variedade de matos, entre os quais urzais e urzais-estevais mediterrânicos não litorais (4030) e comunidades de montanha de caldoneira (Echinospartum ibericum) (4090), um endemismo ibérico.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA06.02i
MB01i
MB02i
MI01i
HJ03.02i
ML09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Brito, J.C.; F. Brito e Abreu; O.S. Paulo; H.D. Rosa & E.G. Crespo. 1995. Bases para uma estratégia de conservação de Lacerta schreiberi e seus habitats. Relatório anual de progresso. Centro de Biologia Ambiental da Faculdade de Ciências de Lisboa/ICN, Life. 54 pp. Relatórios do Projecto "Habitats Naturais e Espécies da Flora de Portugal (Continente)" - Projecto Life 1995/96. ADESGAR. 2004. Asphodelus bento-rainhae - Medidas de conservação e gestão. Projecto LIFE nºB4-3200/98/518. Relatório Final. Fundão. Plano Sectorial da Rede Natura 2000 em http://www.icnf.pt/portal/naturaclas/rn2000/p-set/q-e Relatório Nacional de aplicação da Directiva Habitats 2007-2012, em http://www.icnf.pt/portal/naturaclas/rn2000/dir-ave-habit/rel-nac/rel-nac-07-12

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
PT00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas, I.P.
Address:
Email:icnf@icnf.pt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY