Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

PTMAD0001

1.3 Site name

Laurissilva da Madeira

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-08

1.5 Update date

2015-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e Recursos Naturais
Address:               
Email:gabinete.sra@madeira.gov.pt

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1990-10
National legal reference of SPA designationDecreto Regulamentar Regional n.º 3/2014/M, de 3 de Março
Date site proposed as SCI:1995-06
Date site confirmed as SCI:2001-12
Date site designated as SAC:2009-07
National legal reference of SAC designation:Resolução do Conselho de Governo da Região Autónoma da Madeira n.º 874/2009, de 28 de Julho

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-17.034700
Latitude:32.785500

2.2 Area [ha]

15462.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
PT30Região Autónoma da Madeira

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Macaronesian (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1250  info      0.00   
5330  info      0.00   
9360  info      0.00   
9560  info      0.00         
9580  info      0.00         
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA401Accipiter nisus granti           
BA432Anthus berthelotti                 
BA227Apus pallidus                 
BA425Apus unicolor                 
P1388Bryoerythrophyllum campylocarpum           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA364Carduelis carduelis           
BA363Carduelis chloris                 
P1899Carex malato-belizii           
P1537Chamaemeles coriacea           
P1826Cirsium latifolium           
BA206Columba livia                 
BA455Columba trocaz    7000       
P1665Convolvulus massonii           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
P1420Culcita macrocarpa           
I1023Discus guerinianus                 
P1397Echinodium spinosum           
P1680Echium candicans           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA096Falco tinnunculus                 
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
P1571Geranium maderense           
P1907Goodyera macrophylla           
P1422Hymenophyllum maderensis           
BA604Larus michahellis                 
I1017Leiostyla abbreviata           
I1018Leiostyla cassida                   
I1020Leiostyla gibba           
I1021Leiostyla lamellosa           
P1539Marcetella maderensis           
P1390Marsupella profunda           
P1579Maytenus umbellata           
P1612Melanoselinum decipiens           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
P1754Musschia aurea           
P1756Musschia wollastonii           
P1621Oenanthe divaricata           
P1532Pittosporum coriaceum           
P1744Plantago malato-belizii           
P1412Polystichum drepanum           
BA652Regulus madeirensis           
P1854Scilla maderensis           
BA155Scolopax rusticola           
P1521Sedum brissemoretii           
P1853Semele maderensis           
BA450Serinus canaria           
P1730Sibthorpia peregrina           
P1512Sinapidendron rupestre           
BA210Streptopelia turtur                 
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA303Sylvia conspicillata           
P1701Teucrium abutiloides           
P1702Teucrium betonicum           
P1382Thamnobryum fernandesii           
P1421Trichomanes speciosum           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA213Tyto alba                 
P1426Woodwardia radicans           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Actinella carinofausta                   
Actinella fausta                   
Aeonium glandulosum                   
Aeonium glutinosum                   
Aichryson divaricatum                   
Argyranthemum pinnatifidum ssp. pinnatifidum                   
Asplenium hemionitis                   
1484Berberis maderensis                     
Boettgeria crispa                   
Bystropogon maderensis                   
Carduus squarrosus                   
Craspedopoma neritoides                   
Craspedopoma trochoideum                   
Dactylorhiza foliosa                   
Deschampsia argentea                   
Dryopteris aitoniana                   
Dryopteris maderensis                   
Echinodium setigerum                   
Festuca donax                   
Fissidens nobreganus                   
Galium productum                   
Genista tenera                   
Geranium palmatum                   
Gonepteryx cleopatra ssp. maderensis                   
Helichrysum melaleucum                   
Herbolutina maderae                   
Hogna maderiana                   
Hogna nonannulata                   
Imperatoria lowei                   
Isoplexis sceptrum                   
Juniperus maderensis                   
Koeleria loweana                   
Leiostyla arborea                   
Leiostyla cassidula                   
Leiostyla cheilogona                   
Leiostyla filicum                   
Leiostyla fusca                   
Leiostyla irrigua                   
Leiostyla loweana loweana                   
Leiostyla sphinctostoma                   
Leiostyla vincta vincta                   
Leiostyla vincta watsoniana                   
Leptaxis furva                   
Leptaxis membranacea                   
Luzula seubertii                   
Mythinina serradaguae                   
Nobregaea latinervis                   
5764Nyctalus leisleri verrucosus    100  500               
Pericallis aurita                   
Pieris brassicae ssp. wollastoni                   
2017Pipistrellus maderensis    500  1000               
1329Plecotus austriacus    100  500               
Plutonia albopaliata                   
Plutonia behni                   
Plutonia marcida                   
Plutonia ruivensis                   
Polystichum falcinellum                   
Porella inaequalis                   
Rosa mandonii                   
Rubus grandifolius                   
Ruscus streptophyllus                   
Sambucus lanceolata                   
Saxifraga maderensis                   
Scrophularia hirta                   
Scrophularia racemosa                   
Sedum farinosum                   
Siderites candicans                   
1651Sideroxylon marmulano                   
Sinapidendron gymnocalyx                   
Solanum trisectum                   
Sonchus fruticosus                   
Sonchus latifolius                   
Sonchus pinnatus                   
Taxus baccata                   
Teira dugesii dugesii                   
Teline maderensis                   
Tolpis macrorhiza                   
Tylimanthus maderensis                   
Vicia capreolata                   
Xenochlorodes magna                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N1883.00
N0610.00
N057.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Floresta de características higrófilas, subtropical húmida, constituída por espécies arbóreas e arbustivas perenifólias e um estrato mais baixo rico em fetos, musgos, hepáticas e outras plantas de pequeno porte, algumas das quais endémicas. No seu interior, húmido e sombrio, coabitam numerosas espécies de fauna e flora de elevado interesse.

4.2 Quality and importance

Trata-se de uma floresta outrora existente também na Europa e hoje confinada a algumas ilhas do Atlântico, com características peculiares, com elevado número de endemismos. Ao nível dos vertebrados destaca-se o único endemismo terrestre o Pombo trocaz Columba trocaz . A ilha da Madeira possuidora da maior e mais bem conservada área de Laurissilva.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
LD05i
LE03.04i
MF03.02.03o
LF04i
MG01.02i
MG01.04i
HI01b
MK03.04b
MM01.02b
MM02.01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Bohs L (2005). Major clades in Solanum based on ndhF sequence data, in A festschrift for William G. D’Arcy: the legacyof a taxonomist, ed. Keating, R.C., Hollowell, V.C., & Croat, T.B. Monographs in Systematic Botany from Missouri Botanical Garden 104, 24-49. Bohs L, Olmstead, RG (2001). A reassessment of Normania and Triguera (Solanaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 228: 33-48. Borges PAV, Abreu C, Aguiar AMF, Carvalho P, Jardim R, Melo I, Oliveira P, Sérgio C, Serrano ARM, Vieira P (eds.) (2008). A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores, Funchal and Angra do Heroísmo. Cameron RAD, COOK LM (1998) Forest and scrub snail faunas from northern Madeira, Malacologia, 39:29-38. Cameron RAD, Cook LM (2001) Madeiran snails: Faunal differentiation on a small island, Journal of Molluscan Studies, 67:257-267. Costa JC, Capelo J, Jardim R, Sequeira M, Espírito-Santo D, Lousã M, Fontinha S, Aguiar C, Rivas-Martínez S (2004). Catálogo sintaxonómico e florístico das comunidades vegetais da Madeira e Porto Santo José Carlos. Quercetea 6: 61-187. Hutson, A.M., Spitzenberger, F., Aulagnier, S., Juste, J., Karataş, A., Palmeirim, J. & Paunović, M. 2008. Nyctalus leisleri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T14919A4472173. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T14919A4472173.en. Jardim R, Sequeira MM (2011). Sonchus parathalassius J.G. Costa ex R. Jardim & M. Seq., a new species from Porto SantoIsland (Madeira Archipelago). Silva Lusitana 19(2): 233 – 245. Juste J, Karatas A, Palmeirim J, Paunović M, Spitzenberger F, Hutson AM (2008). Plecotus austriacus. The IUCN Red Listof Threatened Species 2008: e.T17597A7158432.http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T17597A7158432.en. Juste J, Palmeirim J, Alcaldé JT (2008). Pipistrellus maderensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T17315A6965385.http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T17315A6965385.en. Seddon MB (2008) An illustrated compendium of the landsnails and slugs of the Madeiran archipelago. Studies in Biodiversity and Systematics of Terrestrial Organisms from the National Museum of Wales, Biotir Reports. Seddon MB (2013). Atlantica guerinianus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T6735A78964030. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T6735A78964030.en. Seddon MB (2013). Leiostyla abbreviata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T11455A3278905. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T11455A3278905.en. Seddon MB (2013). Leiostyla cassida. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T171004A6798938. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T171004A6798938.en. Seddon MB (2013). Leiostyla gibba. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T11458A3279526. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T11458A3279526.en. Seddon MB (2013). Leiostyla lamellosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T11459A3279758. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T11459A3279758.en. Sérgio C et al. (1994). Lista Vermelha dos Briófitos da Península Ibérica. Sérgio C, Fontinha, S (1992). Natural and semi-natural bryophyte flora of the coastal dry zones of Madeira island. SNPRCN (1990). Livro Vermelho dos Vertebrados de Portugal. Teixeira S (2005). “Os morcegos (Mammalia: Chiroptera) do Arquipélago da Madeira: Identificação Morfológica e Acústica. Um Contributo para a sua Conservação”. Tese de Licenciatura. Universidade da Madeira. Funchal. 50pp. Teixeira S (2012). Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats. Report on Implementation of the Agreement in Autonomous Region of Madeira. In: Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats. Report on Implementation of the Agreement in Portugal. 2012/17th Advisory Committee Meeting. ICNB. Ministério do Agricultura, Mar,Ambiente e Ordenamento do Território. 46 pp. Teixeira S (2013). Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats. Report on Implementation of the Agreement in Autonomous Region of Madeira. In: Agreement on The Conservation of Populations of European Bats. Report on Implementation of the Agreement in Portugal. 2013/18th Advisory Committee Meeting. ICNF. Ministério do Agricultura, Mar,Ambiente e Ordenamento do Território. 43 pp. Teixeira S (2014). Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats. Report on Implementation of the Agreement in Autonomous Region of Madeira. In: Agreement on The Conservation of Populations of European Bats. Report on Implementation of the Agreement in Portugal. 2014/7th MoP. ICNF. Ministério do Agricultura, Mar, Ambiente e Ordenamento do Território. 74 pp. Teixeira S, Jesus J (2009). Echolocation calls of bats from Madeira Island: Acoustic characterization and implicationsfor surveys. Acta Chiropterologica. 11 (1): 183 - 190.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
PT0760.00
PT110.00
PT08100.00
PT0110.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
PT08Parque Natural da Madeira-100.00
PT01Reserva Integral Lombo Barbinhas, Montado dos Pessegueiros,+10.00
PT07Reserva Parcial Rib.Janela, Rib.Funda, Cabeceira Rib.Seixal+60.00
PT11Paisagem Protegida/0.00
PT07Reserva Geológica e de Vegetação de altitude/0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Parque Natural da Madeira-100.00
Reserva Integral Lombo Barbinhas, Montado dos Pessegueiros,+10.00
Reserva Parcial Rib.Janela, Rib.Funda, Cabeceira Rib.Seixal+60.00
Paisagem Protegida/0.00
Reserva Geológica e de Vegetação de altitude/0.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

A área em causa está incluída no Parque Natural da Madeira.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e Recursos Naturais: Rua Dr. Pestana Júnior, nº 6 - 5º Andar 9064-506 Funchal
Address:
Email:gabinete.sra@madeira.gov.pt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Plano de Ordenamento e Gestão da Laurissilva da Madeira (POGLM)
Link: http://

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Está em curso nesta área o projeto LIFE FURA-BARDOS - Conservação do Fura-bardos e habitat de Laurissilva, na Ilha da Madeira, cujo objetivo visa contribuir para a conservação do fura-bardos e do habitat de Laurissilva na ilha da Madeira através da identificação de áreas de nidificação do fura-bardo na Madeira e conhecer a sua tendência populacional, recuperação de 64, 6 ha de floresta Laurissilva através da remoção de plantas invasoras e a reflorestação de 20 ha de Laurissilva ardida.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY