Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

ROSCI0036

1.3 Site name

Cheile Vârghișului

1.4 First Compilation date

2006-12

1.5 Update date

2016-02

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministerul Mediului
Address:               
Email:john.smaranda@mmediu.ro
Date site proposed as SCI:2007-12
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.540344
Latitude:46.212967

2.2 Area [ha]

866.5000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
RO12Centru
RO12Centru

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
6210  info      0.00 
8210  info      0.00 
8310  info      0.00 
9110  info      0.00 
9180  info      0.00 
91E0  info      0.00 
91V0  info      0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1308Barbastella barbastellus         
M1308Barbastella barbastellus         
M1308Barbastella barbastellus           
F1138Barbus meridionalis                 
I4014Carabus variolosus            
I4057Chilostoma banaticum           
F1163Cottus gobio                 
I1086Cucujus cinnaberinus           
M1355Lutra lutra           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii                 
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii                 
M1323Myotis bechsteinii           
M1323Myotis bechsteinii         
M1307Myotis blythii           
M1307Myotis blythii           
M1307Myotis blythii           
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
M1324Myotis myotis           
M1324Myotis myotis           
M1324Myotis myotis           
I4054Pholidoptera transsylvanica           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum               
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum                 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros         
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros           
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros         
I1087Rosalia alpina           
M1354Ursus arctos           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
1329Plecotus austriacus                   
1050Saga pedo                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N143.96
N154.15
N1674.42
N2617.48

Total Habitat Cover

100.01

Other Site Characteristics

Cheile Varghisului s-a format în calcarele jurasice ale panzei bucovinice si se intind între varfurile Also si Felso Mal (Vf. Tiva) din nordul Muntilor Persani. Pe aceasta portiune de cca. 1-2 km lungime si 500-600 m. grosime s-a dezvoltat un relief carstic, cu formele sale de suprafata si de adancime (doline, pesteri etc.). Cea mai mare pestera este pestera Orban Balazs aflat pe malul stang al paraului Varghis.;

4.2 Quality and importance

Cheile Varghisului reprezinta unul dintre cele mai interesante fenomene naturale din sudul Carpatilor Orientali, in care se regasesc o serie de elemente naturale de valoare exceptionala din punct de vedere botanic, zoologic, speologic, paleontologic si peisagistic. În flora cheilor, lânga cele 10 endemite carpatice si daco-balcanice se gasesc populatiile speciilor Cypripedium calceolus si Iris aphylla ssp. hungarica, aflate in Anexele II si III a Directivei Habitate. Pajistile deschise de stancarii, tufarisurile xeroterme, padurile de grohotisuri si fagetele adapostesc 44 specii de plante protejate pe listele rosii nationale. Stâncaria salbatica si padurile constituie habitat pentru o fauna extrem de bogata reprezentanta prin 18 specii de animale listate in Anexele II si III a Directivei Habitate, 9 specii de pasari din Directiva Pasari, respectiv alte 26 specii de animale ocrotite pe plan national si international. Este remarcabil efectivul populatiei de ursi, estimat la peste 30 de exemplare in timpul iernii. In Cheile Varghisului au fost identificate 17 specii de lilieci din cele 30 de specii existente in Romania. Colonia speciei Rhinolophus hipposideros este una dintre cele mai mari din tara. Este remarcabila si diversitatea ridicata a speciilor de lilieci in perioada de reproducere (august-octombrie). Situl adaposteste 8 tipuri de habitate listate in Anexa I a Directivei Habitate.;

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04NO
HA04.03NI
HC01.01NO
MC01.07NO
LF03.01NO
HF03.02.09NI
MG01.03NI
MG02.08NI
HJ01NI
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA03NI

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

Type[%]
PublicNational/Federal0
State/Province0
Local/Municipal0
Any Public0
Joint or Co-Ownership0
Private0
Unknown0
sum0

4.5 Documentation

1. Gyarmati, A., 1995, A Vargyas-völgy vegetációja, Eszterházy Károly Tanárképzo Foiskola, szakdolgozat: 1-71. 2. Gyarmati, A., 2000, A Vargyas-völgy mohaflórája, Múzeumi Füzetek 9: 41-45. 3. Kovács, S., 1983, Învelisul vegetal din Cheile Vârghisului (I.). A Vargyasi mészko-sziklaszoros növénytakarója (I.), Aluta. Studii si Comunic. - Tanulmányok és Közlemények, Sepsiszentgyörgy, XVI-XV: 165-173. 4. Munteanu, D., Miklóssy V., Ratiu F., 1987, Cheile Vârghisului - Monument al Naturii, Ocrot. Nat. Med. Înconj., 2 (31): 133-140. 5. Pal I. - Varga J. 2004, Cercetari piscico-faunistice in Rezervatia Cheile Varghisului, A Csiki Szekely Muzeum Evkonyve, 2005, 335-343 Documentatie specifica: Documentatie habitate: <Szilard Szabo - Agentia pentru Protectia Mediului Harghita:{Dr. Peter van der Molen si Dr. J.A.M. Janssen(6210)};{Bot. drd. Csergo Anna-Maria observatii directe.(8210)};{Speolog Denes Istvan com. pers.(8310)};{Bot. drd. Csergo Anna-Maria observatii directe.(9180)};{Bot. drd. Csergo Anna-Maria observatii directe.(91E0)};{Expertii Olanda Dr. Peter van der Molen si Dr. J.A.M. Janssen.(91V0)};> <Iovu-Adrian Biris - Institutul de Cercetari si Amenajari Silvice:{Amenajamentele silvice, Harta forestiera a Romaniei 2008 (ICAS).(9110)};> Documentatie specii : <Claudiu Iusan - Administratia Parcului National Muntii Rodnei:><Szilard Szabo - Agentia pentru Protectia Mediului Harghita:{Baza de date a Asociatiei pentru Protectia Liliecilor din Romania(1303)};{Baza de date a Asociatiei pentru Protectia Liliecilor din Romania(1323)};><Eugen Nitu - Institutul de Speologie Bucuresti:><Iftime Alexandru - Muzeul National de Istorie Naturala Grigore Antipa:{Negus S., com. pers.(1354)};{Negrea, A., 1994. Gasteropodes (Gastropoda) connus jusqu’a present des provinces biospeologique de Roumanie. Travaux du Museum d’Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa” 34: 227-264(4057)};> Documentatie de compilare: Structura de baza SQL server: Sorin Andrei - ROSA, Grigoras Ion -INCDD.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
RO03271.90

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
RO032.485.-Cheile Vârghișului și peșterile din chei*85.93
RO032.485.-Cheile Vârghișului și peșterile din chei*85.97
RO032.485.-Cheile Vârghișului și peșterile din chei=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other 2.485.-Cheile Vârghișului și peșterile din chei*85.93
2.485.-Cheile Vârghișului și peșterile din chei*85.97
2.485.-Cheile Vârghișului și peșterile din chei=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Situl Cheile Varghisului este ocrotit ca rezervatie naturala mixta, prin Hotârârea Consiliului Judetean Harghita Nr. 162/2005. Este inclusa de asemenea în Anexa I a Legii Nr. 5/2000. Începând cu a data de 12 martie 2004, rezervatia naturala este incredintata in custodie Asociatiei Speo-Turistice Lumea Pierduta din Baraolt, jud. Covasna.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Asociația Carpaterra; Ocolul Silvic Privat Baraolt; Asociația Speo-Turistică și de Protecţia Naturii Lumea Pierdută
Address:
Email:carpaterra@gmail.com

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Planul de management al siturilor Natura 2000 ROSPA0027 Dealurile Homoroadelor și ROSCI0036 Cheile Vârghișului
Link:

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

S-a întocmit regulamentul rezervaţiei. Elaborarea planului de management este în curs de realizare de către custodele desemnat.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:ROSCI0036
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY