Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

SE0420126

1.3 Site name

Gruarna

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-12

1.5 Update date

2010-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Länsstyrelsen i Skåne län
Address:               
Email:skane@lansstyrelsen.se

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1996-03
National legal reference of SPA designationGovernmental act M96/867/4

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:14.514700
Latitude:56.029600

2.2 Area [ha]

296.4000

2.3 Marine area [%]

91.7400

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (0.00 %) Marine Baltic Sea (91.74 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA045Branta leucopsis       
BA068Mergus albellus    30  30     
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    100  100     
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    100  100     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    10  20     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA195Sterna albifrons (nytt namn Sternula albifrons)       
BA190Sterna caspia (nytt namn Hydroprogne caspia)       
BA190Sterna caspia (nytt namn Hydroprogne caspia)       
BA190Sterna caspia (nytt namn Hydroprogne caspia)       
BA193Sterna hirundo    10  15     
BA193Sterna hirundo    10     
BA194Sterna paradisaea    15  20     
BA191Sterna sandvicensis    10  30     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0110.00
N0590.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The northern part of the southernmost archipelago in the Baltic Sea. The flat coast is dominated by boulder-rich moraines and a large number of islands, islets and rocks have been formed.

4.2 Quality and importance

Little and Caspian Terns (Sterna albifrons and S. caspia) breed in the area as well as large colonies of gulls. Good numbers of Cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) winter in the area and large numbers of ducks and geese. The coastal grasslands hold an interesting flora with several species indicative of grasslands unaffected by nitrogen fertilizers and with a long history of grazing. The shallow brackish areas are important for the reproduction and early development of several species of fish.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04.03i
HE01.01b
MG01.02i
HH01.01b
MH03.01b
MJ02b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
SE0085.00
SE0615.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Länsstyrelsen i Skåne län
Address:
Email:skane@lansstyrelsen.se

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Gruarna
Link: http://skyddadnatur.naturvardsverket.se/

No, but in preparation
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:SE.SWEPA.SE0420126
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY