Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Länsstyrelsen i Norrbottens län
Date site proposed as SCI:1995-12
Date site confirmed as SCI:2003-12
Date site designated as SAC:2009-12
National legal reference of SAC designation:Governmental act M2009/4475/Na


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3130  info      1985.94  0.00 
3160  info      99.3  0.00 
3220  info      1985.94  0.00 
4060  info      85395.3  0.00 
4080  info      11915.6  0.00 
6150  info      29789.1  0.00 
6170  info      1985.94  0.00 
6430  info      1985.94  0.00 
6450  info      0.99  0.00 
7140  info      99.3  0.00 
7160  info      19.86  0.00 
7230  info      99.3  0.00 
7240  info      0.5  0.00 
7310  info      1985.94  0.00 
7320  info      118  0.00 
8110  info      7943.75  0.00 
8120  info      1985.94  0.00 
8210  info      1985.94  0.00 
8220  info      5957.81  0.00 
8310  info      0.006  0.00       
8340  info      13901.6  0.00 
9010  info      1985.94  0.00 
9040  info      17873.4  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1930Agriades aquilo           
M1911Alopex lagopus           
P1981Cynodontium suecicum           
M1355Lutra lutra           
P1986Orthothecium lapponicum           
P1965Papaver radicatum ssp. hyperboreum           
I1013Vertigo geyeri           
I1934Xestia borealis           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The largest high mountainous area in Sweden, a landscape with scarp massifs and narrowed valleys, 100 glaciers, nival patches and wild streaming watercourses. Nearly 200 general all peaks are above 1800 m a.s.l. with the highest as Sarektjåkkå 2080 m.The bedrock mainly consisting siliceous hard weathered amphiboles within the mountainous areas, whereas the valleys and the northern high plateaus are of Archaic bed rocks. This makes in general a very poor vegetation with some more lush spots. Sarek has the highest frequencies glaciers, with 1/3 of all the total amount glaciers in Sweden. The glacier sculpturing exceeds its richness in forming every area in the landscape in as well erosion in large-scale - cirques and glacial trough - as accumulations in small-scale, like lateral and terminal moraines. The processes of the slopes are characterised by mass movements, nivation ridges, block slumps, mudflow and talus. In the south of Akka the grandiose systems of glacifluvial terraces and deltas are formed with the joining erosional sections including drumlins. The polygons of the tundra and the large rockfall at Kisuris are also important terrain features. The large amount of glacial mud transported with the river Rapaälven has caused the most distinguished delta of the nation, still constantly enlarged by the silty water. The massifs are in general all of the same character. The high alpine block and bare bed rock areas are seldom showing any larger variation. On these levels there are no covering vegetation layer. Between the boulders are lichens, mosses, Salix herbacea and some single grass and herbs, like Phippsia algida and Ranunculus glacialis. Down towards the middle alpine region the amount boulders are decreasing giving place to larger vegetation covered areas. There are some differences in vegetation due to climatic factors, showing shrub dominating valleys in the eastern valleys, Njåtjosvagge, Kåtokvagge, western Rapavalley/Alkavagge and Kukkesvagge in correspondence to the dominating meadows due to longer vegetation season. The heaths are of crowberry type (Empetrum hermaphroditum), but partly the contribution of grass and herbs are increasing remarkably, especially in Alkavagge. In the steep sidevalley Kåtokvagge there are willow-rich bogs and wet shrubheaths growing instead of meadows. The high plateau Kassalako in the north is dominated by grassheaths, resulting in constantly alternating mosaic of blocks, stone holes and grass patches in this hummocked landscape. It is very sparse vegetated and strongly frost influenced and on the bogs at Suottasjaure there are also palsars. More lush parts are seen at Palkatjåkkå in Njåtjosvagge with heaths characterised by Drays octopetala contributing Gentianella aurea. Here, in the eastern Sarek , is also the magnesic field of Äpartjåkkå, a well known plant-site with Cassiope tetragona, Dryas octopetala and remarkable also the western oceanic shoreplant Carex maritima. To the group of meadow dominated valleys counts Sarvesvagge, Kuopervagge and Routesvagge, the latter most pronounced with the meadows often changing into grassheaths. The meadows are dominated by Ranunculus acris, Alchemilla spp, Antoxantum odoratum and Poa alpina. In the steep valley of Sarek the zonation in vegetation is inverted so that the grassheaths of type Carex bigelowii are seen in the bottom of the valley and meadows climbing up the slopes. Further up the slopes, especially west- and south-facing slopes the vegetationperiod is longer resulting in widening meadows. The plains of Pårek consisting the southern parts of Sarek, between Pårte and the coniferous forest landscape north Kvikkjokk and Ivarlako in the east. The landscape is characterised by it's humidity. On the slopes above the plains are wet, often willow-rich, shrubheaths and large sloping fenses widening, especially characteristics of the Ivarlako-slopes. Above these areas grassheaths are succeeding successively.. D

4.2 Quality and importance

Sarek presents an overwhelming alpine landscape with dramatic mountain massifs and narrow valleys, 100 glaciers and cascading alpine rivers and streams. It is a hugely impressive area of completely undisturbed wilderness with a fairly sparse flora, though Cynodontium suecicum Papaver radicatum hyperborum, but abundant animal life hosting bear, wolverine, lynx and unusually large Sarek elks.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Svenska Nationalparker, SNV 1984 Fjällplaneringen, SNV 1986 Andersson, L., Rafstedt, t., von Sydow, U., !985, Fjällens vegetation. Norrbottens län. Statens Naturvårdsverk. Faunaområden i fjällregionen, 1981, SNV PM 1295


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Sarek=100.00


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Länsstyrelsen i Norrbottens län

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: Sarek

No, but in preparation



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