Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

SI5000023

1.3 Site name

Kras

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-05

1.5 Update date

2016-03

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Zavod RS za varstvo narave (Ministrstvo za okolje in prostor)
Address:  Ljubljana  5    Ljubljana  Ljubljana  1000  Tobačna ulica 
Email:zrsvn.oe@zrsvn.si

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-04
National legal reference of SPA designationUredba o posebnih varstvenih območjih (območjih Natura 2000), Ur.l. RS, št. 49/2004Uredba o spremembah in dopolnitvi Uredbe o posebnih varstvenih območjih (območjih Natura 2000), Uradni list RS, št. 33/2013

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:13.704500
Latitude:45.827900

2.2 Area [ha]

58751.3700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA247Alauda arvensis    3000  4000     
BA109Alectoris graeca    10     
BA255Anthus campestris    20  30     
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA215Bubo bubo    16     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    500  800     
BA080Circaetus gallicus    10     
BA379Emberiza hortulana    90  130     
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA078Gyps fulvus    100  300     
BA078Gyps fulvus    90  100     
BA338Lanius collurio    500  1000     
BA246Lullula arborea    1100  1500     
BA383Miliaria calandra    1900  4000  males     
BA281Monticola solitarius    40  60     
BA214Otus scops    120  200     
BA072Pernis apivorus    10  20     
BA232Upupa epops    300  500     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N150.80
N217.20
N220.30
N233.90
N2527.10
N2660.70

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The IBA Karst covers the Karst-Plateau plus the adjacent limestone of Podgrajski Kras, Matarsko podolje, mount Vremeica (1027m), mt. Slavnik (1028m), and Kraki rob (the Karst edge), which is a cascade of inland cliffs forming the south-west boundary of the sight. The whole area is covered by karst-phenomena, such as doline, caves, cenotes, sinking rivers, karst valleys etc. The climate is influenced by the vicinity of Adiatic sea. Karst is predominantly covered by secondary forest and Pinus nigra plantations (60%). The most important part of SPA is a mosaic of different successional phases including bare, stony ground, dry calcareous grasslands, and various kinds of scrublands (33%). Just few percents of the area are used for non-grassland agriculture and urban use. The avifauna includes mainly bush land and forest species as well as species of dry, open and rocky landscape.

4.2 Quality and importance

It is the most important SPA in Slovenia for Emberiza hortulana (70% of the national pop.), Lullula arborea (50%), Anthus campestris (60-70%), Circaetus gallicus (50%), Caprimulgus europaeus (50%), Sylvia nisoria (40%) and Bubo bubo (25%).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Mi
Li
Mi
Li
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Mb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Božič, L. (2003): Mednarodno pomembna območja za ptice Slovenije 2. Predlogi Posebnih zaščitenih območij (SPA) v Sloveniji- DOPPS, Monografija št. 2, Ljubljana. Geister, I. 1995: Ornitološki atlas Slovenije. DZS, Ljubljana.Polak, S (Ur.) (2000): Mednarodno pomembna območja za ptice v Sloveniji; Important Bird Areas (IBA) in Slovenia. DOPPS, Monografija DOPPS št. 1. LjubljanaDenac, K., T. Mihelič, L. Božič, P. Kmecl, T. Jančar, J. Figelj & B. Rubinid (2011): Strokovni predlog za revizijo posebnih območij varstva (SPA) z uporabo najnovejših kriterijev za določitev mednarodno pomembnih območij za ptice (IBA). Končno poročilo (dopolnjena verzija). Naročnik: Ministrstvo za okolje in prostor. DOPPS – BirdLife, Ljubljana.
http://simarine-natura.ptice.si//wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Revizija_IBA_koncno_porocilo_oddano_28_10_2011_dopolnjena_verzija_stisnjeno.pdf

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
SI0098.10
SI030.80
SI050.70
SI060.40

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
SI05Regijski park ?kocjanske jame*5.00
SI06Beka - soteska Glin?čice z dolino Gri?a, ponornimi jamami in arheolo?kimi lokalitetami Lorencom in grad nad Botačem+1.00
SI03Slavnik - vrh in pobočja+1.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Regijski park ?kocjanske jame*5.00
Beka - soteska Glin?čice z dolino Gri?a, ponornimi jamami in arheolo?kimi lokalitetami Lorencom in grad nad Botačem+1.00
Slavnik - vrh in pobočja+1.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Zavod za gozdove Slovenije
Address:
Email:zgs.tajnistvo@zgs.si
Organisation:Agencija RS za kmetijske trge in razvoj podeželja
Address:
Email:aktrp@gov.si
Organisation:Kmetijsko gozdarska zbornica Slovenije
Address:
Email:kgzs@kgzs.si
Organisation:Javni zavod park Škocjanske jame
Address:
Email:psj.info@psj.gov.si
Organisation:načrtovalci in nosilci urejanja prostora
Address:
Email:
Organisation:Ministrstvo za kmetijstvo, gozdarstvo in prehrano RS
Address:
Email:gp.mkgp@gov.si
Organisation:Zavod RS za varstvo narave
Address:
Email:zrsvn.oe@zrsvn.si

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Gozdnogospodarski načrti za gozdnogospodarske enote Brkini I, Čičarija, Goriško, Istra, Kras I, Kras II,Vremščica in Vrhe (samo za gozdni prostor območja)
Link: http://prostor.zgs.gov.si/pregledovalnik/

No, but in preparation
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:SI.ARSO.SI5000023
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY