Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

Back to top

1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4110002

1.3 Site name

AGIOS EFSTRATIOS KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.020556
Latitude:39.523611

2.2 Area [ha]

6283.7300

2.3 Marine area [%]

33.7400

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Back to top

3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1210  info      0.00         
1240  info      5.15871  0.00 
1310  info      0.00         
1410  info      1.29483  0.00 
2110  info      14.3499  0.00 
3170  info  X     1.59976  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5420  info      2034.14  0.00 
6220  info  X     0.00         
92D0  info      39.6026  0.00 
9350  info      1918.69  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0133.00
N030.07
N040.11
N050.14
N060.01
N0841.51
N090.06
N151.47
N161.39
N1816.42
N225.57
N230.25

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Agios Efstratios is an isolated island in the Central Aegean, circa 30 km from the nearest island, Lemnos. The sea separating Agios Efstratios from the other islands is at least circa 200 m deep, in all directions. The marine area covers 12% of the site. The highest hilltop is 303 m according to the available maps. The rocks are schists, shales, and volcanic trachyte, with only some limestone patches. A large part of the coast consists of sea cliffs with caves. Most of its area was used in the past as arable land or was intensely grazed. Today there only 200 inhabitants, almost all of them concentrated at the fishing village of the NW side of the island. Cultivation and intense grazing take place in only small areas now. As a result, the formerly cultivated or grazed lands are being invaded by plants from various origins but no typical habitat has been formed yet. There are also Centaurea spinosa communities among the phrygana along the sandy beaches. Quercus macrolepis does not form an oak forest any more; the trees are only isolated and some thickets have remained only in the steep valleys. There are also some thickets of Salix alba and Populus alba near the village and the larger rivulet courses are bordered by Nerium oleander and Vitex agnus-castus. An earthquake has caused a lot of ruins where several species of reptiles occur.

4.2 Quality and importance

The sea cliffs of the island form caves with beaches which consist ideal shelters for the monk seal population that breeds there. Eleonora's falcons and important sea-bird species (Puffinus puffinus, Phalacrocorax aristotelis) nest on the cliffs. The vernal pools are important for the migratory bird species and for rare species of plants, such as Isoetes duriei, Pilularia minuta, Crassula vaillanti, Myosurus sessilis ssp. heldreichi, and Lythrum borysthenicum. There still exist thickets of Quercus macrolepis, a species now rare in the Aegean. Pancratium maritimum, occurring at the sand beaches of the island, is in danger because of the destruction of its habitats in the Mediterranean. The presence of Melilotus elegans should be noted, since it is the first time it has been observed in Greece. The sea beds of Posidonia oceanica are in excellent condition. Finally, the geological interest of the island lies in the relicts of a petrified forest.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DPlants (not referred in the above text):Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica is a Balkan endemic (it currently includes the species A. panachaica and A. meteorica which are included in the IUCN list of threatened plants as rare and are protected by the Greek Law -Presidential decree 67/81).Callitriche brutia is a European species, found only in Psathoura and Agios Efstratios in Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA04i
LD01.01i
LD02.01i
LD03.02i
LE01.03i
HF02.01.02o
LF02.03i
LF03.01i
MF06i
MG05o
MG05i
HL03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LD01.01i
LD02.01i
LD03.02i
LD05i
LE01.03i
LF02.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

Back to top

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

Back to top No data

SITE DISPLAY