Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

UK9004411

1.3 Site name

Firth of Forth

1.4 First Compilation date

2001-10

1.5 Update date

2015-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Joint Nature Conservation Committee
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationRegulations 9A and 11-15 of The Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 1994 (http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1994/2716/contents/made) as amended by the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Amendment (Scotland) Regulations 2011 (http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2011/155/contents/made).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-2.883333
Latitude:56.016667

2.2 Area [ha]

6317.6900

2.3 Marine area [%]

95.4000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
UKM2Eastern Scotland

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA050Anas penelope    2139  2139         
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    2564  2564         
BA040Anser brachyrhynchus    10852  10852         
BA169Arenaria interpres    860  860         
BA062Aythya marila    437  437         
BA067Bucephala clangula    2465  2465         
BA672Calidris alpina alpina    9514  9514         
BA143Calidris canutus    9258  9258         
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    328  328         
BA064Clangula hyemalis    1045  1045         
BA001Gavia stellata    90  90         
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    7846  7846         
BA157Limosa lapponica    1974  1974         
BA066Melanitta fusca    635  635         
BA065Melanitta nigra    2880  2880         
BA069Mergus serrator    670  670         
BA160Numenius arquata    1928  1928         
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    682  682         
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    2949  2949         
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    724  724         
BA007Podiceps auritus    84  84         
BA005Podiceps cristatus    646  646         
BA063Somateria mollissima    9400  9400         
BA191Sterna sandvicensis    1617  1617         
BA048Tadorna tadorna    4509  4509         
BA162Tringa totanus    4341  4341         
BA142Vanellus vanellus    4148  4148         
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
WATRWaterfowl assemblage    95000  95000             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0275.00
N034.50
N0411.00
N059.50

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

1 Terrestrial: Soil & Geology: basalt,sedimentary,sand,shingle,igneous 2 Terrestrial: Geomorphology and landscape: coastal 3 Marine: Geology: sandstone/mudstone,gravel,limestone/chalk,biogenic reef,slate/shale 4 Marine: Geomorphology: estuary,lagoon,intertidal sediments (including sandflat/mudflat),open coast (including bay)

4.2 Quality and importance

ARTICLE 4.1 QUALIFICATION (79/409/EEC) Over winter the area regularly supports: Gavia stellata (North-western Europe - wintering) 2% of the GB population 5 year peak mean 1993/94 - 1997/98 Haematopus ostralegus (Europe & Northern/Western Africa) 2% of the GB population 5 year peak mean 1993/94 - 1997/98 Limosa lapponica (Western Palearctic - wintering) 4% of the GB population 5 year peak mean 1993/94 - 1997/98 Pluvialis apricaria [North-western Europe - breeding] 1% of the GB population 5 year peak mean 1993/94 - 1997/98 Podiceps auritus (North-western Europe) 21% of the GB population 5 year peak mean 1993/94 - 1997/98 On passage the area regularly supports: Sterna sandvicensis (Western Europe/Western Africa) 6% of the GB population 5 year peak mean 1993/94 - 1997/98 ARTICLE 4.2 QUALIFICATION (79/409/EEC) Over winter the area regularly supports: Anser brachyrhynchus (Eastern Greenland/Iceland/UK) 6% of the population 5 year peak mean 1993/94 - 1997/98 Arenaria interpres (Western Palearctic - wintering) 1% of the population 5 year peak mean 1993/94 - 1997/98 Calidris canutus (North-eastern Canada/Greenland/Iceland/North-western Europe) 3% of the population 5 year peak mean 1991/92-1995/96 Tadorna tadorna (North-western Europe) 2% of the population 5 year peak mean 1993/94 - 1997/98 Tringa totanus (Eastern Atlantic - wintering) 3% of the population 5 year peak mean 1993/94 - 1997/98 ARTICLE 4.2 QUALIFICATION (79/409/EEC): AN INTERNATIONALLY IMPORTANT ASSEMBLAGE OF BIRDS Over winter the area regularly supports: 95000 waterfowl (5 year peak mean 1991/92-1995/96) Including: Gavia stellata , Podiceps cristatus , Podiceps auritus , Phalacrocorax carbo , Anser brachyrhynchus , Tadorna tadorna , Anas penelope , Anas platyrhynchos , Aythya marila , Somateria mollissima , Clangula hyemalis , Melanitta nigra , Melanitta fusca, Bucephala clangula , Mergus serrator , Haematopus ostralegus , Charadrius hiaticula , Pluvialis apricaria [North-western Europe - breeding], Pluvialis squatarola , Vanellus vanellus , Calidris canutus , Calidris alpina alpina , Limosa lapponica , Numenius arquata , Tringa totanus , Arenaria interpres

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA02I
LC02O
HC03B
LD02B
LF01B
HF02I
HF03I
MG01I
MH01B
LH03B
MI01B
MJ02B
HJ03B
MM01B
HM02B
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Conservation Objectives - the Scottish Natural Heritage 'site link' below provides access to the Conservation Objectives for this site. See also the 'UK Approach' document for more information (link via the JNCC website).
http://gateway.snh.gov.uk/sitelink/documentview.jsp?p_pa_code=8499&p_Doc_Type_ID=29
http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/Natura2000_StandardDataForm_UKApproach_Dec2015.pdf

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
UK04100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Scottish Natural Heritage
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

For available information, including on Conservation Objectives, see Section 4.5.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY