Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

AT1205A00

1.3 Site name

Wachau

1.4 First Compilation date

1998-09

1.5 Update date

2019-11

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz
Address:  Niederösterreich  1    St. Pölten    3109  Landhausplatz 
Email:post.ru5@noel.gv.at

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1998-09
Date site confirmed as SCI:2004-12
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Verordnung über die Europaschutzgebiete (LGBl. 5500/6)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:15.406900
Latitude:48.358300

2.2 Area [ha]

18045.1000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
AT12Niederösterreich

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3130  info      0.5  0.00 
3150  info      18.5  0.00 
3260  info      0.5  0.00 
3270  info      0.5  0.00 
4030  info      0.5  0.00 
40A0  info      0.3  0.00 
6110  info      0.5  0.00 
6130  info      1.9  0.00 
6190  info      20  0.00 
6210  info      156.6  0.00 
6230  info      7.3  0.00 
6240  info      61.7  0.00 
6250  info      0.12  0.00 
6430  info      0.5  0.00 
6510  info      272.5  0.00 
6520  info      33.2  0.00 
8150  info      0.5  0.00 
8220  info      31.9  0.00 
8230  info      14.1  0.00 
8310  info      0.02  3.00 
9110  info      1976.7  0.00 
9130  info      1985.6  0.00 
9150  info      32  0.00 
9170  info      537.2  0.00 
9180  info      43.5  0.00 
91E0  info      196.4  0.00 
91F0  info      61.4  0.00 
91H0  info      54  0.00 
91M0  info      0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1130Aspius aspius    3000  30000 
I1093Austropotamobius torrentium         
M1308Barbastella barbastellus         
M1308Barbastella barbastellus         
M1308Barbastella barbastellus         
A1188Bombina bombina          DD 
A1193Bombina variegata          DD 
P1386Buxbaumia viridis    logs 
M1337Castor fiber         
I1088Cerambyx cerdo         
F1149Cobitis taenia      100 
I4046Cordulegaster heros          DD 
F1163Cottus gobio    1000  10000 
P1902Cypripedium calceolus         
P1381Dicranum viride    trees number of 
F2484Eudontomyzon mariae    10  1000       
I6169Euphydryas maturna          DD 
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria          DD 
P4094Gentianella bohemica    29  563  fstems   
F2555Gymnocephalus baloni    50  500 
F1157Gymnocephalus schraetzer    10000 
P4104Himantoglossum adriaticum    14  16  localities   
F1105Hucho hucho    20  200  adults 
I1079Limoniscus violaceus         
I1083Lucanus cervus         
M1355Lutra lutra         
I1060Lycaena dispar         
M1361Lynx lynx         
M2633Mustela eversmanii          DD 
M1323Myotis bechsteinii          DD       
M1307Myotis blythii               
M1324Myotis myotis         
M1324Myotis myotis               
M1324Myotis myotis         
I1037Ophiogomphus cecilia          DD       
F2522Pelecus cultratus    100  1000 
I6179Phengaris nausithous         
I6177Phengaris teleius         
P2093Pulsatilla grandis    3000  6000  fstems   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros               
F5339Rhodeus amarus    200  2000 
F5329Romanogobio vladykovi    1000  10000 
I1087Rosalia alpina               
F6146Rutilus meidingeri      1000 
F5345Rutilus pigus virgo    100  1000 
M1335Spermophilus citellus         
A1167Triturus carnifex          DD 
A1166Triturus cristatus          DD 
A1993Triturus dobrogicus          DD 
I1014Vertigo angustior          DD 
F1160Zingel streber    1000  10000 
F1159Zingel zingel    500  5000 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
2487Acipenser ruthenus      50       
Allium flavum                   
2432Anguis fragilis                   
Artemisia austriaca                   
Asplenium curvifolium                   
Aurinia saxatilis                   
Avenula pratensis                   
5085Barbus barbus    5000  50000         
Biscutella laevigata kerneri                   
Bombus hortorum                   
Bombus lapidarius                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
Calliptamus italicus                   
Campanula sibirica                   
Cheilanthes maranthae                   
Chorthippus mollis                   
Chorthippus vagans                   
Cleistogenes serotina                   
Colutea arborescens                   
1283Coronella austriaca                 
1339Cricetus cricetus                   
Decticus verrucivorus                   
Dianthus carthusianorum ssp. capillifrons                   
Dictamnus albus                   
1281Elaphe longissima                 
Ephippiger ephippiger                   
1313Eptesicus nilssonii             
1327Eptesicus serotinus             
Festuca valesiaca                   
1203Hyla arborea                 
5365Hypsugo savii             
Isatis tinctoria                   
1261Lacerta agilis                 
1263Lacerta viridis                 
Lecanora serpentinicola                   
1400Leucobryum glaucum                     
Lissotriton vulgaris                   
Mantis religiosa                   
Metrioptera bicolor                   
Metrioptera brachyptera                   
Myosotis stenophylla                   
1314Myotis daubentonii             
1330Myotis mystacinus             
1322Myotis nattereri             
1322Myotis nattereri             
Myrmeleotettix maculatus                   
2469Natrix natrix                   
1292Natrix tessellata                 
1312Nyctalus noctula             
Oecanthus pellucens                   
Oedipoda caerulescens                   
Omocestus haemorrhoidalis                   
1197Pelobates fuscus                 
Phaneroptera falcata                   
Pholidoptera aptera                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus             
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus             
Platycleis grisea                   
1326Plecotus auritus             
1329Plecotus austriacus             
Prunus fruticosa                   
Quercus pubescens                   
1209Rana dalmatina                 
1212Rana ridibunda                 
1213Rana temporaria                 
Rosa gallica                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Scabiosa columbaria ssp. pseudobanatica                   
Sedum album ssp. micranthum                   
Seseli osseum                   
Silene otites                   
Stenobothrus nigromaculatus                   
Stipa capillata                   
Stipa pennata                   
Thlaspi montanum                   
1109Thymallus thymallus    100  1000             
1332Vespertilio murinus             
Viola ambigua                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N062.00
N071.00
N091.00
N105.00
N122.00
N148.00
N1510.00
N1630.00
N179.00
N1915.00
N2010.00
N215.00
N221.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The "Wachau" lies in the middle of Lower Austria some 65 km west of Vienna.The Wachau is that stretch of the Danube where the river cuts a roughly 3 km long valley through the basement complex of the bohemian massiv between Melk in the west and Krems in the east, embracing also the hillsides visible from the Danube, including the Jauerling (960m). By virture of its scenic, cultural, economic, biological, and geological individuality the Wachau can be said to be a self-contained yet richly variational region with very special, impressive characteristics, high aesthetic and cultural value. As a synthesis of narural landscapes and urbanisation, an ensemble of highly unusual, unmistakable character. The region is also closed upon itself in an historical sense. Archeological findings made there suggest that the Wachau was one of the first regions in Europe to become civilised. Its villages, buildings, and civilisation point to a continiuous cultural development going back for more than one thousand years.

4.2 Quality and importance

In keeping with the climate and geographical location, the Wachau is home to a mixed animal world which comprises thermophilic species of the Pannonian Zone of Lower Austria as well as typical thermopilic species like the green lizard (Lacerta viridis) and the praying mantis (Mantis religiosa) are to be found in some density on the sunny slopes between Spitz and Krems, but from above Spitz onwards only scattered in climatically favourable spots. A very rich lowland forest fauna is to be found in the Danube meadows, and countless riverbank beetles are to be found on the sandbanks in good years. The scattered gravelbanks in the river supports a rich waterfowl fauna during the winter season.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA02i
LB01.02i
MD01i
MF03.01i
HG01.02i
HG01.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA03.02i
HA04.02i
MA06i
HB02.05i
MB07i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

ALLIANCE FOR NATURE (1996): Welterbe Wachau. - Nadelstich Nr. 3, Sept. 1996, Wien.HOLZER, W. (1986): Trockenrasenkatalog. - Grüne Reihe d. Bundesministeriums f. Gesundheit u. Umweltschutz, Band 6, Wien.KRETSCHMER, L. (1931): Die Pflanzengesellschaften auf Serpentin im Gurhofgraben bei Melk. - Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 80: 163-208.PAAR, M.,SCHRAMAYER, G.,TIEFENBACH, M.,WINKLER (1993): Naturschutzgebiete Österreichs. Band 1: Burgenland, Niederösterreich, Wien. - Umweltbundesamt Monographien Bd.38 A, Wien.ARGE BASISERHEBUNG (2012): Endbericht zum Projekt "Basiserhebung von Lebensraumtypen und Arten von gemeinschaftlicher Bedeutung". Bearbeitung Revital Integrative Naturraumplanung GmbH, freiland Umweltconsulting ZT GmbH, eb&p Umweltbüro GmbH, Z_GIS Zentrum für Geoinformatik. Im Auftrag der neun Bundesländer Österreichs. Lienz, Wien, Klagenfurt, Salzburg (unpublished).KFFÖ (2015): Fledermäuse in Niederösterreich (2012-2014): Erfassung, Evaluierung, Monitoring, Schutz und Öffentlichkeitsarbeit. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.NATURSCHUTZBUND NÖ (2013): Basisdatenerhebung FFH-relevanter Amphibien- und Reptilienarten. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.RAAB, R. ET AL. (2013): Basisdatenerhebung FFH-relevanter Libellen in Niederösterreich. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.RATSCHAN, C. ET AL. (2012): Basisdatenerhebung FFH-relevanter Fische in Niederösterreich. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.ZECHMEISTER, H. G. (2012): Erfassung der Moosflora in Niederösterreich. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.ZECHMEISTER, H. G. (2016): Fachgutachten hinsichtlich FFH-Moose in Niederösterreich (unpublished).

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
AT0228.00
AT04100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
Wachau+70.00
AT04Göttweiger Berg und seine Umgebung+1.00
AT04Wachau und Umgebung-92.00
AT02Jauerling - Wachau+28.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Wachau+70.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz
Address:
Email:post.ru5@noel.gv.at

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Nr. 05 Europaschutzgebiete „Wachau" (FFH-Gebiet) und „Wachau - Jauerling" (Vogelschutzgebiet)
Link: http://www.noe.gv.at/noe/Naturschutz/Hauptregion_NOe-Mitte_-_Natura_2000.html

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

SCHRAMAYR, G. & E. ZWICKER (1995-1997): Landschafts-Entwicklungsmodell Wachau. - Gruppe Landschaft, Studie beauftragt durch die Naturschutzabteilung beim Amt der NÖ Landesregierung

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:https://data.inspire.gv.at/0046/03d595d8-8c77-4d02
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY