Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



Back to top

1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Pomoriysko ezero

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd.

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 78/03.02.2009 (promulgated SG 14/2009).


Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Black Sea (86.60 %) Marine Black Sea (13.40 %)


Back to top

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes       
BA086Accipiter nisus          DD 
BA086Accipiter nisus       
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon       
BA294Acrocephalus paludicola       
BA168Actitis hypoleucos    10   
BA168Actitis hypoleucos       
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA054Anas acuta    102   
BA054Anas acuta      11   
BA056Anas clypeata      300   
BA056Anas clypeata    238   
BA052Anas crecca    304   
BA052Anas crecca    200   
BA050Anas penelope    153   
BA050Anas penelope    258   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    30  512   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    14  1280   
BA055Anas querquedula     
BA055Anas querquedula    168   
BA051Anas strepera     
BA051Anas strepera      70   
BA051Anas strepera    30   
BA041Anser albifrons      120   
BA041Anser albifrons    85   
BA043Anser anser       
BA042Anser erythropus          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris     
BA090Aquila clanga       
BA089Aquila pomarina    100  2000   
BA028Ardea cinerea      62   
BA028Ardea cinerea     
BA028Ardea cinerea    10  310   
BA029Ardea purpurea     
BA024Ardeola ralloides     
BA169Arenaria interpres    34   
BA169Arenaria interpres       
BA059Aythya ferina    1649   
BA059Aythya ferina       
BA059Aythya ferina      1542   
BA061Aythya fuligula    913   
BA061Aythya fuligula      110   
BA062Aythya marila       
BA060Aythya nyroca      15   
BA060Aythya nyroca    12   
BA021Botaurus stellaris     
BA021Botaurus stellaris       
BA396Branta ruficollis    500   
BA396Branta ruficollis       
BA067Bucephala clangula       
BA067Bucephala clangula     
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus          DD 
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus       
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla     
BA144Calidris alba       
BA144Calidris alba    60   
BA149Calidris alpina    13  780   
BA149Calidris alpina    279   
BA147Calidris ferruginea    85  4480   
BA145Calidris minuta      30   
BA145Calidris minuta    60  1743   
BA146Calidris temminckii       
BA146Calidris temminckii       
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    80   
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus       
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    20   
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA136Charadrius dubius    21   
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    30   
BA196Chlidonias hybridus       
BA196Chlidonias hybridus    35   
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus       
BA197Chlidonias niger    15  312   
BA197Chlidonias niger     
BA031Ciconia ciconia    2600  2600   
BA031Ciconia ciconia     
BA030Ciconia nigra    90  233   
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA081Circus aeruginosus     
BA081Circus aeruginosus     
BA081Circus aeruginosus    25   
BA082Circus cyaneus       
BA082Circus cyaneus       
BA083Circus macrourus     
BA084Circus pygargus     
BA064Clangula hyemalis       
BA231Coracias garrulus     
BA122Crex crex       
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii       
BA038Cygnus cygnus      17   
BA038Cygnus cygnus      10   
BA036Cygnus olor     
BA036Cygnus olor    50  210   
BA036Cygnus olor    191   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus       
BA027Egretta alba      50   
BA027Egretta alba       
BA026Egretta garzetta       
BA026Egretta garzetta       
BA026Egretta garzetta    233   
BA511Falco cherrug          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA099Falco subbuteo          DD 
BA096Falco tinnunculus       
BA096Falco tinnunculus       
BA096Falco tinnunculus          DD 
BA097Falco vespertinus    10  10   
BA321Ficedula albicollis       
BA442Ficedula semitorquata          DD 
BA125Fulica atra    7479   
BA125Fulica atra     
BA125Fulica atra    215  9150   
BA153Gallinago gallinago       
BA153Gallinago gallinago     
BA154Gallinago media      35   
BA123Gallinula chloropus     
BA123Gallinula chloropus       
BA123Gallinula chloropus       
BA002Gavia arctica      10   
BA002Gavia arctica    76   
BA001Gavia stellata       
BA189Gelochelidon nilotica    70   
BA135Glareola pratincola     
BA135Glareola pratincola    90   
BA127Grus grus    110  110   
BA127Grus grus       
BA078Gyps fulvus       
BA130Haematopus ostralegus       
BA130Haematopus ostralegus     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    34   
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla       
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus     
BA131Himantopus himantopus    35   
BA131Himantopus himantopus    142   
BA439Hippolais olivetorum       
BA022Ixobrychus minutus    10  10   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus    10  10   
BA338Lanius collurio     
BA338Lanius collurio    10  10   
BA339Lanius minor       
BA459Larus cachinnans    35  830   
BA459Larus cachinnans    100  100   
BA459Larus cachinnans    10  773   
BA182Larus canus       
BA182Larus canus       
BA183Larus fuscus     
BA180Larus genei     
BA180Larus genei      19   
BA180Larus genei    11  167   
BA176Larus melanocephalus    10  2610   
BA176Larus melanocephalus       
BA177Larus minutus     
BA177Larus minutus       
BA177Larus minutus    57  1020   
BA179Larus ridibundus    162   
BA179Larus ridibundus    24  1402   
BA150Limicola falcinellus    53   
BA157Limosa lapponica     
BA156Limosa limosa    42  500   
BA066Melanitta fusca    10   
BA065Melanitta nigra       
BA065Melanitta nigra       
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    30  30   
BA242Melanocorypha calandra          DD 
BA068Mergus albellus       
BA068Mergus albellus       
BA070Mergus merganser       
BA070Mergus merganser       
BA069Mergus serrator      27   
BA069Mergus serrator    78   
BA230Merops apiaster    46  46   
BA073Milvus migrans          DD 
BA077Neophron percnopterus       
BA058Netta rufina       
BA058Netta rufina      10   
BA160Numenius arquata     
BA160Numenius arquata       
BA158Numenius phaeopus       
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax     
BA071Oxyura leucocephala       
BA094Pandion haliaetus     
BA020Pelecanus crispus       
BA020Pelecanus crispus    10  100   
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus    60  260   
BA072Pernis apivorus    10  10   
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    17   
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    50   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    803   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    28  1026   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    42  110   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    425   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus      28   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus       
BA170Phalaropus lobatus    48   
BA151Philomachus pugnax    54  1240   
BA034Platalea leucorodia      10   
BA034Platalea leucorodia    52   
BA032Plegadis falcinellus    20   
BA140Pluvialis apricaria       
BA141Pluvialis squatarola       
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    29   
BA007Podiceps auritus     
BA005Podiceps cristatus    219   
BA005Podiceps cristatus      20   
BA006Podiceps grisegena       
BA006Podiceps grisegena    54   
BA008Podiceps nigricollis      47   
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    94  471   
BA120Porzana parva       
BA119Porzana porzana     
BA121Porzana pusilla       
BA118Rallus aquaticus       
BA118Rallus aquaticus          DD 
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    15  993   
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    31  64   
BA249Riparia riparia    1500  1500   
BA063Somateria mollissima          DD 
BA195Sterna albifrons    142   
BA195Sterna albifrons    15  40   
BA190Sterna caspia     
BA193Sterna hirundo    11  490   
BA193Sterna hirundo    15  120   
BA191Sterna sandvicensis    176  1000   
BA191Sterna sandvicensis    27  1807   
BA307Sylvia nisoria          DD 
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis      199   
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10  293   
BA397Tadorna ferruginea       
BA397Tadorna ferruginea     
BA048Tadorna tadorna    10   
BA048Tadorna tadorna    26  2013   
BA048Tadorna tadorna    45  1808   
BA161Tringa erythropus      22   
BA161Tringa erythropus    219   
BA161Tringa erythropus     
BA166Tringa glareola    300   
BA164Tringa nebularia    100   
BA165Tringa ochropus       
BA165Tringa ochropus     
BA163Tringa stagnatilis      18   
BA163Tringa stagnatilis       
BA162Tringa totanus    931   
BA162Tringa totanus     
BA162Tringa totanus      109   
BA142Vanellus vanellus    55   
BA142Vanellus vanellus     
BA167Xenus cinereus       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis                 
A218Athene noctua                 
A113Coturnix coturnix                 
A244Galerida cristata                   
A251Hirundo rustica                   
A214Otus scops    10  10               
A210Streptopelia turtur                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Pomorie lake is a hyper-saline lake of natural origin – a sea lagoon, with a part of its territory turned into saltpans. It is separated from the sea by a sand strip and its only connection with the sea water is a canal with a sluice. The Aheloi River mouth situated north of the lake is also included in the area because of its regular use by waterbirds. The lake is located at about 25 km north of Burgas, immediately next to the road to Varna and the northern part of the town of Pomorie. The main part of Pomorie lake is open water without water-fringe vegetation. The saltpans represent a number of hyper-saline basins with average water salinity about 50 %î. The basins are separated by wooden and embankment dykes, at places sparsely overgrown with Salicornia europaea. Some of the surrounding plots are covered by halophyte grass vegetation, mainly of Puccinellia convoluta, Salicornia europaea, etc. The shallows are fringed with hygrophytes, dominated by Typha angustifolia and Phragmites australis. Small marshes, entirely covered by hygrophyte vegetation are located to the west of the lake and in its southern part. (Bondev 1991; Yankov 1993). The Aheloi River mouth is overgrown with riverine forest and water fringe vegetation.

4.2 Quality and importance

Pomorie Lake is a part of Burgas lake complex, which is one of the three most significant wetland complexes for congregations of waterfowl along the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. The area of Pomorie Lake and its adjacent territories support 204 bird species, 59 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 91 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 7 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 21 in SPEC 2 and 63 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 72 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 64 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. The lake is one of the most important sites in the country for breeding Avocet Recurvirostra avocetta, Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus, Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis, Little Tern Sterna albifrons, Common Tern Sterna hirundo and Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus. It is situated on the Via Pontica migration route and thus particularly important as a migration stopover for considerable numbers of waders, divers, grebes, etc., most of which are included in the Annex of the Bonn Convention. During the winter the wetland regularly supports 1% of the Black Sea population of Mute Swan Cygnus olor. Five globally threatened species occur in the area of Pomorie Lake on migration and in winter –Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus, Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crisðus, Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca, White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala and Corncrake Crex crex.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dr. Petar Iankov, Milko Dimitrov, Ivailo Dimchev - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences ( Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Bondev, I. 1991. The Vegetation of Bulgaria. Map 1 : 600 000 with explanatory text. Sofia: St. Kliment Ohridski University Press. (In Bulgarian.); Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished) Gradev, G. 2003. Pomorijsko ezero. – Biuletinut, Zeleni Balkani, 8,7.; Gradev, G. 2004. Mezhdunarodna rabotna vakancia “Pomorijsko ezero 2004”. – Burgaski ezera, BSHPOB, 10, 13.; Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P., 1993. Pomoriysko-Burgaski kompleks. – V: Natsionalen plan za prioritetni deystviya za opazvane na nay-znachimite vlazhni zoni v Balgariya. Michev, T. (red.). S., MOS, 33-44.; Dimitrov, M. 2000. Rezultati ot monitoringa na vodoliubivite ptici v Burgaskite ezera. – Burgaski ezera, BSHPOB, 4, 10.; Dimitrov, M., K. Niagolov, L. Profirov. 2000. Gnezdoviat uspeh na vodoliubivite ptici v Burgaskite ezera. – Burgaski ezera, BSHPOB, 5, 9.; Dimitrov, M., T. Michev, L. Profirov, K. Nyagolov. 2005. Waterbirds of Bourgas Wetlands.Results and evaluation of the monthly waterbird monitoring 1996 – 2002. Pensoft, 159 p.; Dimchev, I. 2003. Monitoring na pticite v Burgaskite ezera. – Burgaski ezera, BSHPOB, 9, 6.; Dimchev, I. 2004. Razselvane na cherven anguch v Burgaski region. – Burgaski ezera, BSHPOB, 10, 18.; Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.; Kostadinova, I. (sust.) 1997. Ornitologichno vazhni mesta v Bulgaria. BDZP, Prirodozashtitna poredica. Kniga 1, BDZP, Sofia, 176 s.; Kostadinova, I., S.Dereliev. 2001. Results the Mid-Winter Counts of Waterbirds in Bulgaria for the period 1997- 2001. BSPB Conservation Series. Book 3, BSPB, Sofia, BG Marinov, M. 1995. Novo gnezdovo nahodishte na sablekliun (Recurvirostra avosetta) – Neophron, 1, 18.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.) Niagolov, K. 2000a. Belochela ribarka (Sterna albifrons). – Burgaski ezera, BSHPOB, 5, 7.; Niagolov, K. 2000c. Nova sreshta s bivolskata chapla. – Burgaski ezera, BSHPOB, 5, 11.; Nikolov, Hr., S. Marin, A. Darakchiev. 1999. Malkiat kormoran v Bulgaria. Razprostranenie, chislenost I zaplahi. – Nauch. Tr. Plov. Univ., Animalia, 35, 6, 67-81.; Petkov, N. 1997a. Kachulata potapnica (Aythya fuligula). – Za pticite, 2 (esen/zima), 13.; Petkov, N. 1997b. Suvremenno sustoianie na belookata potapnica (Aythya nyroca) v Bulgaria. Diplomna rabota, Biologicheski Fakultet pri SU “Sv. Kl. Ohridski”, Sofia, 104 s.; Petrov, .C 1997b. Beliat shturkel (Ciconia ciconia) v Bulgaria. Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kniga 2, BDZP, Plovdiv.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Dimitrov, M, D. Georgiev, S. Mikhov, S. Dereliev, I. Kostadinova, 2003. Bulgaria. In: Marushevsky, G., Directory of Azov-Black Sea Coastal Wetlands. Wetlands International, Kyiv, 16-45; Grimmet, R. F. A., R. T. A. Jones. 1989. Important Bird Areas in Europe. Cambridge, U.K.: ICBP (ICBP Technical Publication No9); Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation, vol. 2 Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8).; Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report.; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria; MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Nankinov, D., S. Dalakchieva, K. Popov, S. Kirilov. 2002. Die Geschichte der Rostflugel-Brachschwalbe Glareola pratincola in Bulgarien. – Orn. Mitt., 54, 7/8: 234-242. Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Petkov, N. 1998a. Current Status of the Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) in Bulgaria. – Partimadar, 6-7, MME, Budapest, 44–49.; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16


Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Pomorie Lake was designated as protected area in 2001 to protect the threatened bird species. The protected area covers 80% of the proposed SPA. Pomorie Lake was designated as Wetland of International Importance under The Ramsar Conventionin 2003. In 1989 the lake was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. In 1998 the area is appointed as CORINE Site because of its European value for rare and threatened bird species.


Back to top

6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water -Burgas;Black Sea River Basin Directorate;

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation



Back to top No data