Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Ostrov Pozharevo

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd.

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 838/17.11.2008 (promulgated SG 108/2008).


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG32Severen tsentralen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)


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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus     
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA054Anas acuta       
BA052Anas crecca    1000   
BA050Anas penelope    1000   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD 
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    12   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    1000  5000   
BA055Anas querquedula     
BA055Anas querquedula    10  10   
BA051Anas strepera       
BA041Anser albifrons      30   
BA043Anser anser    500   
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea    10  17   
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA024Ardeola ralloides       
BA024Ardeola ralloides          DD 
BA059Aythya ferina    150  400   
BA061Aythya fuligula    10   
BA396Branta ruficollis    120  200   
BA067Bucephala clangula    10  50   
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA231Coracias garrulus     
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus     
BA236Dryocopus martius     
BA027Egretta alba       
BA027Egretta alba          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta    28   
BA002Gavia arctica       
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla     
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla     
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla     
BA068Mergus albellus       
BA069Mergus serrator    10   
BA073Milvus migrans     
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD 
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    10  26   
BA020Pelecanus crispus       
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    10  10   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo      15   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    60  100   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    150  350   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus      22   
BA234Picus canus     
BA034Platalea leucorodia          DD 
BA032Plegadis falcinellus          DD 
BA005Podiceps cristatus       
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    50  100   
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A363Carduelis chloris                 
A269Erithacus rubecula    12  12               
A359Fringilla coelebs    15  15               
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    12  12               
A329Parus caeruleus    13  13               
A235Picus viridis                 
A210Streptopelia turtur    10  10               
A311Sylvia atricapilla    10  10               
A283Turdus merula    10  10               
A285Turdus philomelos    15  15               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

An island on the Danube with the adjacent section of the river and Bulgarian river banks, km 424 to km 423, located north of the village of Pozharevo and covered by woodlands. The main habitat on the island is a typical riverine forest of willow Salix spp. and White Poplar Populus alba with rich undergrowth. Every year the Danube floods the island, most often in the period February–April. Its banks are covered by sand strips.

4.2 Quality and importance

Pozharevo Island supports 69 bird species, 16 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 25 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 4 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 5 in SPEC 2 and 16 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 21 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 19 are also listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive. Pozharevo island is of global importance as a breeding site for the globally threatened Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus. It hosts one of the five biggest mixed colonies of Night Heron Nycticorax nycticoraõ, Little Egret Egretta garzetta and Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides in the country. In winter the island is regularly visited by two other globally threatened species – the Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus and the Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis. It is of international importance for several other wintering waterfowl species, especially Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica, Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, Smew Mergus albellus and Greylag Goose Anser anser, which form considerable concentrations there. Pozharevo Island is a roosting and feeding area for the White-tiled Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla.

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Yordan Kutsarov, Dr. Petar Iankov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences ( Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptitsi v Balgariya. Natsionalni planove za deystvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa, Kn. 4, Sofiya: 204-219.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Nikolov, Hr., S. Marin, A. Darakchiev. 1999. Malkiyat kormoran v Balgariya. Razprostranenie, chislenost I zaplahi. – Nauch. Tr. Plov. Univ., Animaliya, 35, 6, 67-81.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp.; Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).; BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation, vol. 2 Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8).; Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report.; Kostadinova, I., S.Dereliev. 2001. Results the Mid-Winter Counts of Waterbirds in Bulgaria for the period 1997- 2001. BSPB Conservation Series. Book 3, BSPB, Sofia, BG; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia; MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Petkov, N. 1998a. Current Status of the Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) in Bulgaria. – Partimadar, 6-7, MME, Budapest, 44–49. Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16;


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]

5.3 Site designation (optional)

So far 7.4% of the area has legal protection according to national nature conservation legislation. There are two protected areas - the “Sya Kulak” Protected Area, which was designated in 2003 to protect the typical landscapes, and the “Pozharevo Island” Protected Area, which was designated to protect the typical habitats for birds. In 1998 about 75% of the area is appointed as CORINE Site because of its European value for habitats, rare and threatened plant and animal species, including birds. In 1997 the area was appointed as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. The proposed SPA borders a proposed Special Protection Area in Romania.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water -Ruse;Danubean River Basin Directorate;Forestry Department - Tutrakan;

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation



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