Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

BG0000366

1.3 Site name

Kresna - Ilindentsi

1.4 First Compilation date

2006-03

1.5 Update date

2021-11

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2007-03
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-12
Date site designated as SAC:2021-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Designation Order No. RD – 264/31.03.2021 (promulgated SG 41/2021) issued by the Minister of Environment and Water.
Explanation(s):Adopted by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Extended by Council of Ministers Decision No. 811/16.11.2010 (promulgated SG 96/2010). Issued by the Minister of Environment and Water designation Order No. RD – 264/ 31.03.2021 (promulgated SG 41/2021) with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site.

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.164700
Latitude:41.755300

2.2 Area [ha]

48596.5184

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG41Yugozapaden

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (19.20 %) Continental (80.80 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4060  info      205.92  0.00 
4070  info      12.55  0.00 
5210  info      57.9  0.00 
6110  info      0.3  0.00 
6210  info      2599.16  0.00 
6220  info      2210.04  0.00 
6230  info      76.53  0.00 
62A0  info      15.02  0.00 
62D0  info      419.15  0.00 
6420  info      1.71  0.00 
6430  info      18.16  0.00 
6510  info      14.24  0.00 
6520  info      1269.69  0.00 
8110  info      26.44  0.00 
8210  info      24.35  0.00 
8220  info      51.16  0.00 
8230  info      52.69  0.00 
8310  info      28.00 
9110  info      1696.52  0.00 
9130  info      4631.11  0.00 
9150  info      146.42  0.00 
9170  info      3171.93  0.00 
9180  info      3.18  0.00 
91AA  info      3692.75  0.00 
91BA  info      165.1  0.00 
91CA  info      3656.56  0.00 
91E0  info      89.95  0.00 
91M0  info      1161.65  0.00 
91Z0  info      21.21  0.00 
9260  info      5.11  0.00 
92A0  info      43.32  0.00 
92C0  info      78.51  0.00 
92D0  info      2.44  0.00 
9410  info      7.85  0.00 
9530  info      1625.45  0.00 
9560  info      1132.59  0.00 
95A0  info      538.64  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1130Aspius aspius    69540  69540  area 
I1093Austropotamobius torrentium    15469  15469 
M1308Barbastella barbastellus    219  363   
F5088Barbus cyclolepis          DD 
A1193Bombina variegata    23  23  localities 
M1352Canis lupus    12  14   
P4080Centaurea immanuelis-loewii    600  700 
I1088Cerambyx cerdo          DD 
F1149Cobitis taenia    16530  16530 
I4046Cordulegaster heros    localities 
I1086Cucujus cinnaberinus          DD 
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata    localities 
R1293Elaphe situla    localities 
R1220Emys orbicularis        localities  DD 
I4033Erannis ankeraria          DD 
I1074Eriogaster catax    37 
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria    10197  17092 
I1083Lucanus cervus    48693  95787 
M1355Lutra lutra    15 
I1060Lycaena dispar          DD 
M2609Mesocricetus newtoni          DD       
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    51  100 
I1089Morimus funereus    148085  172006 
M1323Myotis bechsteinii    101  201   
M1307Myotis blythii    251  500 
M1316Myotis capaccinii          DD       
M1321Myotis emarginatus    1200  1700   
M1324Myotis myotis    251  500 
I1037Ophiogomphus cecilia    localities 
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides          DD 
I4042Polyommatus eroides          DD 
I4022Probaticus subrugosus          DD 
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    101  250   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    1000  1500 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    101  250   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    51  100   
F5339Rhodeus amarus    4813197  4813197 
I1087Rosalia alpina    47874  87186 
R1219Testudo graeca    23  23  localities 
R1217Testudo hermanni    25  25  localities 
A1171Triturus karelinii    localities 
I1032Unio crassus    23409  23409 
M1354Ursus arctos     
M2635Vormela peregusna          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Alburnoides bipunctatus                   
Alburnus alburnus                   
Apatura metis                   
Bufo viridis                   
Chondrostoma vardarense                   
Coluber caspius                   
Coronella austriaca                   
Elaphe longissima                   
Erebia medusa                   
Glaucopsyche alexis                   
Gobio gobio                   
Hipparchia senthes                   
Hyla arborea                   
Isophya andreevae                   
Lacerta trilineata                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Leuciscus cephalus                   
Limenitis populi                   
Lycaena ottomana                   
Maculinea arion                   
Mantispa perla                   
Melitaea trivia                   
Natrix tessellata                   
Neptis rivularis                   
Nymphalis xanthomelas                   
Oxynoemacheilus bureschi                   
Parnassius apollo                   
Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Pieris ergane                   
Podarcis erhardii                   
Podarcis muralis                   
Podarcis taurica                   
Pseudophilotes vicrama                   
Pyrgus cinarae                   
Rana dalmatina                   
Salmo macedonicus                   
Scolitantides orion                   
Thymelicus acteon                   
Vimba melanops                   
Vipera ammodytes                   
Zerynthia polyxena                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0614.00
N0822.00
N093.00
N101.00
N125.00
N152.00
N1623.00
N174.00
N192.00
N2022.00
N211.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site has several separate cores connected by river valleys in a single site. The site is like a buffer zone to the west of Pirin National Park, it also includes the highest parts of Maleshevska and Vlahina Mountains towards the border with Macedonia, and between them the deep Kresna Gorge of the Struma River. Unique biodiversity is concentrated in the site. Here the Rhodope Mountains has the best ecological connection with the mountains on the border between Bulgaria and Macedonia. Simultaneously, the Struma River is biocorridor for the migration of species in south and north direction. Steep mountain slopes are a strong barrier for these migrations, and in the region of Kresna gorge a unique and highly vulnerable bottleneck biocorridor is formed. The area includes natural and semi-natural ecosystems of sub-alpine level in Pirin as well as areas with vegetation typical of the continental sub-Mediterranean and in the south of the meso-Mediterranean climate (according to Rivas - Martinez). There is exceptional in Europe climate gradation from north to south: for about 20 km in the valley the average annual temperature varies with 1 degree. There are representatives of preglacial Mediterranean vegetation and fauna in the site, as well as relict glacial species in the higher parts. The site includes the northern boundary of distribution of many species and mediteranean communities, including communities of Platanus orientalis, Querqus coccifera, Phyllirea media, Juniperus excelsa. Some areas of forest monocultures are excluded from the site."Zandana" (N 41 39 02.2 E 23 15 15.6 WGS 84, alt. 490 m) is a complex of 3 caves situated between the villages of Ploski and Ilindentsi. Breeding colonies of horseshoe bats and migratory groups/colonies of other bat species were observed in these caves. Other species of bats are known to live in rock fissures.

4.2 Quality and importance

The rivers of the pSCI are preserved in their natural or semi-natural condition. They are following their natural riverbeds and the territories of their riparian terraces are slightly fragmented. The riparian forests of Alnus glutinosa and Salix sp. ( Priority Habitat 91E0) and riparian forest of Platanus orientalis (92C0) forms one of the most qualiatative riparian galleries in the country. The ichtiofauna is distinguishly rich and divers (important food resource for the otter's stable population) There are 12 inhabitant fish species, 3 of which are included in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and 10 species of herpethofauna, 3 of which in Annex II of the same Directive. This makes pSCI "Kresna-Ilindentzi" one of the most valuable for protection of ihtiofauna, herpethofauna and natural habitats. The natural river system of the mountain is of great importance for the fish migration. Majority of the horseshoe bats, which are living in the southern parts of the Struma River Valley are hibernating in the cave.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA02i
MA04o
MA04i
HA04.03i
LA07i
LA08i
HBi
HB01.02i
HB02.01i
MB02.02i
MB02.03i
MB02.04i
HB03i
HC01.01i
MC01.04i
HC01.04.01i
MC01.04.01o
HD01.02i
MD02.01i
LD02.01o
MD05i
ME01i
LE01.03i
ME02i
HE03o
ME03.01i
ME03.03i
MF02.03i
HF03.01i
LF03.02i
HF03.02.01i
HF03.02.03i
LF04i
MG01.03i
LG01.04i
LG02.02i
LH07i
MJ01o
MJ01i
HJ02i
HJ02.03i
HJ02.05i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MA04o
LD02.01o
MF02.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Balkani Wildlife Society / office@balkani.org; Centre for Environmental Information and Education / ceie@ceie.org; St. Beshkov, B. Petrov - National Museum of Natural History, Sofia /boyanpp@nmnh.bas.bg .Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg).Data revised by a team of the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. New data provided by project "Mapping and assessment of the conservation status of the natural habitats and species - Phase 1" (see link).
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0000366&siteType=HabitatDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
BG0097.57
BG011.48
BG030.14
BG060.81

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG06Buina+0.10
BG06Estestveno nahodishte na chinar+0.12
BG01Tisata+1.48
BG06Kuchkarnika+0.16
BG06Moravska+0.43
BG03Momina skala+0.14

5.3 Site designation (optional)


No information provided

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water: Blagoevgrad
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
X
No

SITE DISPLAY