Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

BG0000507

1.3 Site name

Deleyna

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-07

1.5 Update date

2021-11

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2007-03
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-12
Date site designated as SAC:2020-12
National legal reference of SAC designation:Designation Order No. RD – 1043/17.12.2020 (promulgated SG 19/2021) issued by the Minister of Environment and Water.
Explanation(s):Adopted by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued by the Minister of Environment and Water designation Order No. RD – 1043/17.12.2020 (promulgated SG 19/2021) with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site.

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.697500
Latitude:44.061900

2.2 Area [ha]

2257.5400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG31Severozapaden

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
6250  info      29.21  0.00 
6430  info      40.31  0.00 
6510  info      8.12  0.00 
91E0  info      0.3  0.00 
91G0  info      412.03  0.00 
91I0  info      8.34  0.00 
91M0  info      472.11  0.00 
91Z0  info      355.18  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
A1188Bombina bombina        localities  DD 
A1193Bombina variegata    localities 
I1088Cerambyx cerdo    134010  197731 
R5194Elaphe sauromates        localities  DD 
R1220Emys orbicularis    localities 
I1083Lucanus cervus    47888  94206 
M2609Mesocricetus newtoni          DD       
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii          DD       
I1089Morimus funereus    113461  131789 
M1316Myotis capaccinii          DD       
M1305Rhinolophus euryale          DD       
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    10       
I1087Rosalia alpina          DD 
R1219Testudo graeca        localities  DD 
R1217Testudo hermanni        localities  DD 
A1993Triturus dobrogicus        localities  DD 
I1032Unio crassus       
M2635Vormela peregusna    localities 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acanthus balcanicus                   
Aremonia agrimonoides                   
Asparagus tenuifolius                   
Bufo viridis                   
Bupleurum praealtum                   
Campanula rapunculus                   
Chamaecytisus supinus ssp. velenovsky                   
Clinopodium vulgare                   
Coluber caspius                   
Elaphe longissima                   
Galium pseudoaristatum                   
Helleborus odorus                   
Hyla arborea                   
Hypericum perforatum                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
Natrix tessellata                   
Orchis tridentata                   
Paeonia peregrina                   
Pelobates fuscus                   
Podarcis muralis                   
Podarcis taurica                   
Rana dalmatina                   
Ruscus aculeatus                   
Ruscus hypoglossum                   
Sedum maximum                   
Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N071.00
N0811.00
N092.00
N101.00
N122.00
N141.00
N151.00
N1677.00
N201.00
N211.00
N221.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site presents 15.05 % (2257.5 ha) of the total area of the water catchment of Deleinska River (15 000 ha).The Deleinska River is drying up during most parts of the year (10 months). There are underground waters. The habitat types 91E0 and 91F0 distributed along the riverside are missing or are much dispersed. There isn't industrial pollution of the water flow, no dikes, shoots or other equipments. The arable lands are abandoned or underdeveloped due to the small number of population in the nearby settlements. In the riverside regions are found some grazing meadows with modified composition on the dry loess base.Habitat 91ZO, coordinates E - 22.45.19.246, N-44.03.43.583Typical Moesian cenoses of Tilia tomentosa /50-80%/ and most probably of Tilia tomentosa h Tilia rubra aged 20 - 60 years. Strongly damaged by anthropogenic factors in the past but with good restoration abilities. In the tree composition take part also Q.dalechampii 5-10% /50-100 years/, Q.ceris 5-10% /50-100 years/, Acer campestre 10%, Acer platanoides, Cerasus sp., Acer tataricum seperate trees or groups of the agressive Ailanthus altissima, Robinia pseudoacacia. Shrubs composition consists of Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus ornus, Cornus sanguinea, Rosa canina party single and Amorpha fruticosa.The main grass composition is presented by Asparagus tenuifolius, Paeonia peregrina at places taking up to 30% of the grass coverage, Bupleurum praeltum, Polygonatum odoratum, Campanula trachelium, Ruscus aculeatus, Ruscus hypoglossum,Lathyrus sp.,Geum urbanum, Viola odorata, Helleborus odorus, Alliaria petiolata, Hederix xelix, Euphorbia amygdaloides, Tilia tomentosa, Q.dalechampii, Glechoma hederacea, Fragaria sp.,Ajga genevensis, Prunella vulgaris, Rumex sp, Galium pseudoaristatum, Pulmonaria officinalis, Lithospermum officinale, Lechenfeldia flexiosa, Lysimachia nummularia, Clinopodium vulgare, Galium sp. etc.Habitat 91M0xGO - Coordinates E 22.42.49.906-22.39.13.359,N-44.04.27.503-44.03.66.936Typical for the water catchment of Deleinska River Habitat but in most cases in combination with elements of 91M0. Slightly expressed mesophile character except in the low parts of the relief but in the high part clearly expressed xerothermic character of the forests and the grass coverage. Main tree composition Q. frainetto - 60% /30-60 years/, Q. robur - 5 % /40-70 years/, Q.ceris -20% /40-60 years/,Carpinus betulus - 5% /5-10%/, Carpinus orientslis - 10% /10-30 years/ , Tilia tomentosa - single trees, Acer tataricum, Acer campestre 10%, Sorbus torminalis, spots at the free areas - Robinia pseudoacacia . Unclearly expressed shrubs horizon consisting of the following species Rosa sp., Fraxinus ornus, Eunymus europaeus, Sorbus aucuparia. The grass composition is Galium pseudoaristatum, Ruscus aculeatus, Ruscus hypoglossum, Dianthus sp., Hypericum perforatum, Campanula rapunculus, Chamaecytisus supinus, Helleborus odorus, Bupleurum praealtum, Clinopodium vulgare,Luzula sp., Fragaria sp, Aremonia agrimonoides, Asparagus tenuifolius,Meica sp., massive and at big and dense spots - Paeonia peregrtina, Sedum maximum, Acanthus balcanicus - single, Polygonatum latifolium.Habitat 6510 - Coordinates E 44.04.27.503, N 44.04.27.503Habitat with restricted distribution along the valley of the river as well as along some side tributaries - mainly on the right side. In most cases the grazing meadows are becoming wild, shrubs and tree vegetation from the neighbouring forests - Qercus, Prunus spinosa, Robinia pseudoacacia start to settle there. In the past this habitat was widely distributed along the wet lowlands of the topographic cover but due to the sharp decreasing of the population the habitats 6510 are in worse condition. Main species that are found are Alopecurus pratensis, Deschampsia caespitosa, Festuca sp., Poa sp.Habitat 91 MOx91I0, Coordinates E 22.37.48.702, N 44.04.15.005Typical habitat for the water catchment area of Deleinska River, immediately (500 m) next to the Serbian border, responding to the high altitude and the continental climate. The tree composition includes Q. frainetto - 70% /30-60 years. Shrubs composition - Sorbus aucuparia, Rubus sp., Fraxinus ornus, Acer tataricum, Prunus spinosa, Pyrus pyraster. Grass composition - Helleborus odorus, Galium pseudoaristatum, Equisetum sp., Asparagus tenuifolius /very often in big groups/, Euphorbia amygdaloides, Paeonia peregrina /often in spots/, Euphorbia cyparissias, Digitalis lanata, Eryngium campestre, Inula sp., Convolvulus arvensis, Brachypopodium sylvaticum, Viola odorata, Tanacetum corymbosum, Pseudolysimachion orchideum, Acinos arvensis.Habitat 91ZO, Coordinates E 22.42.57, N 44.05.46.266Typical Moesian cenoses of Tilia tomentosa /70 - 75 % /, /30-50 years/ - good renewation including coppys and most probably of Tilia tomentosa h Tilia rubra iuzhno from Gymzovo village out of the water catchemtn of Deleinska River - Bregovska lowland, aged 20 -60 years. It was affected by anthropogenic influence in the past but it has good renewvation abilities. in the tree composition are found also Q.dalechampii 5 - 10% /30-60 years/ - good renewation, Q.ceris 20 % /30-60 years/, Acer campestre /single/, Acer platanoides, Cerasus sp., Acer tataricum, Sorbus torminalis. Shrubs composition of Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus ornus, Cornus sanguinea, Rosa canina partly single and Amorpha fruticosa.The main grass species composition is presented by Asparagus tenuifolius, Bupleurum praeltum, Polygonatum odoratum, Campanula trachelium, Glechoma hederracea,Mercurialis ovata, Ruscus hypoglossum,Lathyrus sp.,Geum urbanum, Viola odorata, Helleborus odorus, Asarum europaeum, Hederix xelix, Euphorbia amygdaloides, Tilia tomentosa, Q.dalechampii, Glechoma hederacea, Fragaria sp.,Arum maculatum, Prunella vulgaris, Rumex sp, Galium pseudoaristatum, Pulmonaria officinalis, Lithospermum officinale, Lechenfeldia flexiosa, Lysimachia nummularia, Clinopodium vulgare, Galium sp. etc.Habitat 6250 - Distributed in fragments in the northern part of the site. Main grass composition - Xeranthemum anum /30%/, Centaurea arientalis /singly/ , Centaurea solstialis /singly/, Salvia aethiopis /singly/, Anthericum liliago, Pseudolysimahion orchideum, Centaurea rumelica, Chamaecytisus rochelii var. bulgaricus, Cerinthe minor, Glycyrrhiza echinata, Lathyrus latifolius, Euphorbia sequerana, Salvia argentea /10%/, Galium sp., Echium italicum/10%/, Verbascum sp., Potentilla pilosa, Stachys germaninica, Consolida sp., Agrimonia eupatoria /30%/,Cynoglossum sp., Salvia verticillata, Teucrium chamaedris, Linaria sp., Eringium campestre, Tragopodon sp., Acanthus balcanicus, Clematis vitalba.

4.2 Quality and importance

Region - West tributaries of Danube River in the region of Timok River - Danube River. Water catchment - Deleinska River. Flora region Danube plain, Bregovo - Novo selo lowland. Physical - geographical sub-region West Danube plain. Water catchment's area is 150 sq. km.The site mainly includes forest areas presented by plain lime and oak tree forests. The forests are distributed along the valley of Deleinska River, mainly on the right riverside. Exceptions are the isolated forest massifs distributed along the high plateau-like loess grounds in the region of Plakuder and Gymzovo villages. Their origin is coppies and it is difficult for natural renovation, the forests average age is around 40 years. The natural character of the massifs is clearly expressed even though their origin. At separate places there is afforestation with acacia, which renovate extremely well. The forest massifs are compact forming almost non-breaking plain massif between the villages Deleina and Kalina. At separate places fragmented are found lowland grazing meadows - mainly in the region of Deleina and Tiianovtzi villages. Fragmentally distribution of the habitats 91I0 and 91G0. The first one takes the high above 100 meters altitude terrains and the second one is distributed along the wet valleys mainly at Mechata glava place. Along the valley of Deleina River dominate riverside grasses combined with spots of 91E0 V. Habitat 91E0 is very defragmented, distributed at isolated sections mainly in the northern part of the site. In the northeast part of the site there are beams of sand loess immediately before the start of the forest massifs along the valley.Clearly presented 91M0 mainly at the border side part of the site.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA05.01i
MA10o
MBo
LB01.02i
LB02.02i
LE03.01i
MI01i
LJ02.11i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA03i
LA05.01i
MA10o
MBo
LB02.02i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Ivailo Dimitrov Nikolov, s. Kaleytsa, obl. Lovech, 147 "Hristo Botev" Str., ivodimnik@abv.bg Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg).New data provided by project "Mapping and assessment of the conservation status of the natural habitats and species - Phase 1" (see link).
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0000507&siteType=HabitatDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
BG00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):


No information provided

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The site is designated to preserve the biggest for the region plain forests of silver lime and concomitant small- and large-leaved lime distributed mainly in the northern and northwestern part of the site.The site also preserves relatively well conserved complex of plain oak forests parts of the habitat types 91 M0, 91G0, 91I0. here are found the most western for Bulgaria oak forests included in these habitat types and distributed up to 150 meters altitude.The site preserves the system of plain beams of snad loess.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water: Montana
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Forestry management project, Forestry Enterprise Vidin

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
X
No

SITE DISPLAY