Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

BG0000636

1.3 Site name

Niska Rila

1.4 First Compilation date

2018-10

1.5 Update date


No information provided

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2019-04
Date site confirmed as SCI: No information provided
Date site designated as SAC: No information provided
National legal reference of SAC designation: No information provided
Explanation(s):Adopted by Council of Ministers Decision No. 177/03.04.2019 (promulgated SG 29/2019).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.425500
Latitude:42.261100

2.2 Area [ha]

37191.6700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG41Yugozapaden
BG42Yuzhen tsentralen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (91.00 %) Continental (9.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them


No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1163Cottus gobio    9032  12155 
M1354Ursus arctos    10 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


No information provided

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.35
N230.11
N2685.82
N2713.72

Total Habitat Cover

99.99999999999998

Other Site Characteristics

The site covers the lower parts of the Rila Mountain to the borders of Rila National Park (SCI BG0000495 “Rila”) and Rilski Manastir Nature Park (SCI BG0000496 “Rilski manastir”). The area covers extensive forest communities - mainly state-owned old coniferous, mixed and deciduous forests. Municipal forests, as well as open habitats, including mainly high altitude natural grasslands, shrublands, pastures and transitional habitats, are also included in the site. Rock complexes and water areas are poorly represented as a percentage of the area of the site. It also covers the water catchment area of the Iskar river within the municipality of Samokov where a significant population of the European bullhead (Cottus gobio) is registered. This population is geographically separated from the rest of the national population of the species distributed mainly in the rivers on the northern slopes of Stara Planina montain.Areas with mountain climate are covered, where average annual temperatures vary between 5-12 ° C, with a perishable snow cover and precipitation between 800 and 1400 mm/year. The altitude is between 300 and 1800 m. There are rugged mountain slopes with rock complexes with an inclination above 10% and various exhibitions.The site is within the territorial scope of 13 municipalities - Dupnitsa, Sapareva Banya, Samokov, Dolna Banya, Kostenets, Belovo, Simitli, Boboshevo, Blagoevgrad, Razlog, Rila, Yakoruda and Belitsa.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is of national and European importance for the conservation of habitats of the brown bear (Ursus arctos) and the European bullhead (Cottus gobio). It provides protection of the typical habitats of both species and covers territories from the Alpine (91%) and the Continental (9%) biogeographical regions. The site includes bear habitats actually occupied by the species, as well as areas forming a natural ecological corridor with high habitat quality. Territories have high nutritional potential and conditions for undisturbed existence, reproduction and breeding of offspring. The strongly expressed seasonality in the use of nutritional resources by the bear leads to the concentration of a significant number of individuals living mainly in the central areas of Rila Mountain (Rila National Park and Rilski Manastire Nature Park) on the territories included in the SCI “Niska Rila” in the spring, when the high parts of the mountain are still snow-covered, and during the late summer-autumn season, when fruit trees are ripe. The main habitats of the species in the country such as broad-leaved forests in the mountains, the coniferous forests in the high and medium forest belt, including the most important as nutritional potential old forests of first and second bonity are covered. In the lower parts, the habitats include beech-hornbeam and oak forests, mainly on steep and rocky gorges.This site also provides the necessary connectivity of the habitats of the species with the neighboring mountains Verila, Plana, Pirin, Western Rhodopes and includes suitable habitats of the species that play the role of bio-corridors. Appropriate territories are included for the movement of individuals between mountain ranges, providing the necessary resources for food, shelter and resting of the species.The site includes also the Iskar River valley and its tributaries above the town of Samokov, where the European bullhead (Cottus gobio) is actually registered in field surveys with significant relative population size. According to the data available by 2012, the site protects geographically detached population of the species, equal to the size of the rest of the national population of the species occupying the rivers on the northern slopes of the Stara Planina montain.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MB03i
MC01.01i
HD01.02i
HF03.02.03i
HF05.04i
MG01i
MG02i
MG05i
MH01i
HJ02i
MJ02.02i
MJ02.03i
MJ02.05i
HJ02.05.05i
MK03.05i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

Type[%]
PublicNational/Federal69.06
State/Province0
Local/Municipal23.7
Any Public0
Joint or Co-Ownership0.09
Private7.14
Unknown0.01
sum100.00000000000001

4.5 Documentation (optional)

The proposal for the SCI was drafted by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry on the basis of an assessment following the methodology set out in the 2007 Action plan for the Brown bear in Bulgaria (Dr R. Gunchev, 1989, Dr. R. Gunchev , 2003). The same methodology is included in Ordinance No 18 of 7.10.2015 on Inventory and Planning in Forest Territories, Annex 29 and used for hunting management purposes.To estimate the habitat of the bear, data from the following sources are used:1. For climatic factors - Data on the distribution of the average annual temperature at altitude in the mountainous climatic region of the Republic of Bulgaria.2. For Relief Topography - Data from AsterGDEM.3. For the biotic factors - LESO layer data of the respective forestry holdings, published on the website of the Executive Forest Agency.4. For the anthropogenic factors - for the forest areas - data from the LESO layer; outside the forest areas - Corine data.Data from monitoring of the brown bear (Ursus arctos) in Bulgaria was used for the period 2011-2016, EEA, National System for Biodiversity Monitoring.Data from project "Development of the National Ecological Network Natura 2000, Stage 2009" of IBEI-BAS, funded by the Environmental Protection Management Enterprise (EMEPA), for the registrations of European bullhead (Cottus gobio) were used.
http://eea.government.bg/bg/soer/2016/biodiversity-nem

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
BG00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG03Chernata skala/0.00
BG02Rila/0.00
BG05Rilski Manastir/0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
otherRila IBA*66.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)


No information provided

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Blagoevgrad
Address:
Email:blriosv@yahoo.com
Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Pernik
Address:
Email:riew_pernik@abv.bg
Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Pazardzhik
Address:
Email:riewpz@riewpz.org
Organisation:East Aegean River Basin Directorate - Plovdiv
Address:
Email:bd_plovdiv@abv.bg
Organisation:Southwest State Forest Enterprise
Address:
Email:swdp@abv.bg
Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Sofia
Address:
Email:riosv@riew-sofia.org
Organisation:Basin Directorate for Water Management in Danube Region – Pleven
Address:
Email:dunavbd@bddr.org
Organisation:West Aegean River Basin Directorate - Blagoevgrad
Address:
Email:bdblg@wabd.bg
Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water
Address:
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
X
No

SITE DISPLAY