Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd.

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2007-03
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-12
Date site designated as SAC:2020-12
National legal reference of SAC designation:Designation Order No. RD – 1042/17.12.2020 (promulgated SG 19/2021) issued by the Minister of Environment and Water.
Explanation(s):Adopted by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Modified in the marine part by Council of Ministers Decision No. 660/01.11.2013 (promulgated SG 97/2013). Issued by the Minister of Environment and Water designation Order No. RD – 1042/17.12.2020 (promulgated SG 19/2021) with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site. Extended terrestrial part by Council of Ministers Decision No. 564/30.07.2021 (promulgated SG 64/2021)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Black Sea (10.15 %) Marine Black Sea (89.85 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      4749.1  0.00 
1130  info      24.7115  0.00 
1140  info      7.1769  0.00 
1150  info      355.062  0.00 
1160  info      1851.89  0.00 
1170  info      61360.4  0.00 
1210  info      7.39  0.00 
1240  info      37.49  0.00 
1310  info      2.51  0.00 
1410  info      19.19  0.00 
1530  info      29.39  0.00 
2110  info      24.45  0.00 
2120  info      24.15  0.00 
2130  info      107.47  0.00 
2180  info      31.22  0.00 
2190  info      3.17  0.00 
3150  info      0.44  0.00 
3260  info      25.29  0.00 
6210  info      67.37  0.00 
6220  info      375.98  0.00 
62A0  info      31.16  0.00 
6430  info      11.3  0.00 
6510  info      81.04  0.00 
8220  info      4.32  0.00 
8230  info      22.21  0.00 
8330  info      0.7305  1.00 
91AA  info      49.91  0.00 
91E0  info      22.96  0.00 
91F0  info      224.92  0.00 
91G0  info      0.17  0.00 
91M0  info      4948.81  0.00 
91Z0  info      6.62  0.00 
92A0  info      2.97  0.00 
92D0  info      21.37  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5290Alburnus schischkovi    1678682  1678682 
F4125Alosa immaculata         
F4127Alosa tanaica         
I4056Anisus vorticulus    67680  67680 
M1308Barbastella barbastellus    11  50 
I4011Bolbelasmus unicornis          DD 
A1188Bombina bombina    localities 
M1352Canis lupus   
I1088Cerambyx cerdo    77972  115048 
F1149Cobitis taenia    791287  791287 
I4032Dioszeghyana schmidtii    3863  4680 
R5194Elaphe sauromates    localities 
R1293Elaphe situla        localities  DD 
R1220Emys orbicularis    localities 
I1065Euphydryas aurinia          DD 
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria    163888  195540 
I1083Lucanus cervus    74691  146931 
M1355Lutra lutra    28  28   
I1060Lycaena dispar    localities  DD 
M1361Lynx lynx    localities 
R1222Mauremys caspica        localities  DD 
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    50   
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    200   
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    1001  2000   
F1145Misgurnus fossilis    1638820  1638820  area 
I1089Morimus funereus          DD 
M1323Myotis bechsteinii    255  415 
M1307Myotis blythii    100   
M1307Myotis blythii    100   
M1307Myotis blythii    1001  2000 
M1316Myotis capaccinii          DD 
M1316Myotis capaccinii    250  500 
M1316Myotis capaccinii    100 
M1321Myotis emarginatus    50 
M1321Myotis emarginatus    501  1000 
M1324Myotis myotis    100   
M1324Myotis myotis    1001  2000 
M1324Myotis myotis    100   
I1084Osmoderma eremita          DD 
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides    10  10  localities 
M1351Phocoena phocoena       
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    501  1000 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    51  100 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    1000  1300 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    500   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    11  50 
M1302Rhinolophus mehelyi          DD       
F5339Rhodeus amarus    522495  522495 
I1087Rosalia alpina          DD 
R1219Testudo graeca    25  25  localities 
R1217Testudo hermanni    23  23  localities 
A1171Triturus karelinii    localities 
M1349Tursiops truncatus         
I1032Unio crassus    29590  29590 
M2635Vormela peregusna          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                 
5040Acipenser gueldenstaedtii                 
2488Acipenser stellatus                 
5538Aidablennius sphynx                   
5539Alburnus alburnus                   
Amphipyra micans                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anchusa hybrida                   
Anchusa velenovskyi                   
Anemone pavonina                   
3019Anguilla anguilla                   
Arenicola marina                   
5562Atherina boyeri                   
Aurinia uechtritziana                   
5568Belone belone                   
Brenthis hecate                   
1201Bufo viridis                 
Callianassa truncata                 
Cardamine penzesii                   
Centaurea arenaria                   
Centaurea thracica                   
Chamelea gallina                   
Cirsium bulgaricum                   
Cleorodes lichenaria                   
Coluber caspius                 
1283Coronella austriaca                 
Coryphoblennius galerita                   
Cyclamen coum                   
Cyclophora annularia                   
Cystoseira barbata               
Cystoseira crinita               
5622Dasyatis pastinaca                   
1350Delphinus delphis               
Donacilla cornea                 
Donax trunculus                   
Eilema griseola                   
1281Elaphe longissima                 
Ephedra distachya                   
Eriphia verrucosa                 
Eryngium maritimum                   
Fritillaria pontica                   
1866Galanthus nivalis                 
Galilea mucronata                     
Gryposia wegneri                   
Heptaptera triquetra                   
Heteropterus morpheus                   
Hipparchia senthes                   
5671Hippocampus guttulatus                   
2489Huso huso                 
1203Hyla arborea                 
Hymenocarpus circinalis                   
Hypecoum ponticum                   
Imperata cylindrica                   
Iris suaveolens                   
Jurinea albicaulis ssp. killaea                   
Kentrochrysalis elegans                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                 
1263Lacerta viridis                 
Lentidium mediterraneum                   
Leuciscus cephalus                   
Leucojum aestivum                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
Linum tauricum ssp. bulgaricum                   
Liocarcinus vernalis                   
Liza ramado                   
Lycaena ottomanus                   
Maresia nana                   
Melitaea trivia                   
5716Mesogobius batrachocephalus                   
Mespilus germanica                   
Mytilaster lineatus                 
Mytilus galloprovincialis                   
1292Natrix tessellata                 
Neogobius gymnotrachelus                   
5759Neogobius melanostomus                   
Nola confusalis                   
Nola ronkayorum                   
Nuphar luteum                   
Nymphaea alba                   
Oenanthe pimpinelloides                   
Orchis papilionaceae                   
Orchis purpurea                   
Ornanthe millefolia                   
Ostrea edulis                 
Otanthus maritimus                   
Pachygrapsus marmoratus                   
Pancratium maritimum                   
Paranocarodes straubei                   
Pegusa lascaris                   
1200Pelobates syriacus                 
Periploca graeca                   
Petroleuciscus borysthenicus                   
Phyllodesma ilicifolua                   
Phyllophora crispa                 
Pilumnus hirtellus                   
1256Podarcis muralis                 
1248Podarcis taurica                 
Prangos ferulacea                   
Primula acaulis ssp. rosea                   
Pyrus eleagrifolia ssp. bulgarica                   
Raja clavata                   
1209Rana dalmatina                 
Romulea linaresii                   
Salaria pavo                   
Salvinia natans                   
Sarda sarda                   
Schrankia taenialis                   
Scilla bIthynica                   
Scorpiurus subvillosus                   
Secale sylvestre                   
Silene euxina                   
Silene thymifolia                   
Smilax exelsa                   
Stachys maritima                   
Symphitum tauricum                   
Symphodus ocellatus                   
Syngnathus typhle                   
Thymelicus acteon                   
Trachomitum venetum                   
Trachystemon orientalis                   
Tulipa thracica                   
Upogebia pusilla                 
5899Uranoscopus scaber                   
Utricularia australis                   
Utricularia munor                   
Valerietta hreblayi                   
5901Vimba vimba                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                 
Xantho poressa                   
1053Zerynthia polyxena                 
Zostera marina                 
Zostera noltii                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site comprises the low and not steep lateral branches of Strandja mountain chain with its outskirts sliding into the Black Sea. The territory is slightly fragmented with a few buildings. The main anthropogenic impact are from new construction, disturbance from tourism, unsustainable fishing practices and the existing road which cuts important ecotones. The site includes vast areas covered with dunes and with patches of forested dunes between them. The Ropotamo River forms beautiful preserved estuary. There are almost no agricultural lands in the site. The inland is mostly forested. Between Cape Agalina and Cape Maslen Nos the cliffy coast has an average height of 11.1 m and consists of magmatic rocks. Accumulative coast is situated in the central parts of the small bays and is of two types: type firth - Ropotamo beach and type lagoon - Dyuni beach and Arkutino beach. On the seabed are observed rocky banks, made of igneous rocks, at a distance of 600 m to 2200 m from the coastline and with relative height of 5 m to 12.5 m. On the beach strip and the underwater coastal slope medium sands prevail. Between Cape Maslen Nos and Cape Tsarevo the coast is composed of metamorphosed sedimentary rocks, calcareous sandstone and limestone (Primorsko and Kiten Peninsula). The cliffy coast prevails with an average height 11-13 m. Accumulative coast covers: the firth type - the beaches of Primorsko, Kiten, Atliman and Koral and the lagoon type the Stomoplo beach. The rocky bottom, made of calcareous sandstone and marl-limestone complex, reveals just before the shore for the abrasive coast type and reaches 600 m to 2200 m from the shoreline. The rocky banks have a height above the seabed of 3 m to 10-15 m and reach a depth down to -40 m. On the beach and the underwater coastal slope the medium sands prevail.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is an important stepping stone. It hosts significant areas of forest and of dune habitats with codes 1130, 1150, 1240, 2130, 2120, 2190, 91MO and 91F0. It is the only site in the southern part of Bulgarian Black Sea Coast protecting sub-Mediterranean Pubescent oak forests (91AA). The site is important for the geographical coherence of the network regarding rare habitats occupying small areas with disjunctive distribution along the Black Sea coast (1130, 2120, 91F0, 91E0, 92A0, 91AA). The river Ropotamo and lagoons in the site are important habitat for Emys orbicularis, Triturus karelinii, Bombina bombina and Lutra lutra (it also inhabits the rocky shores in the site). Testudo hermanni, Testudo graeca, Elaphe quatorlineata sauromates, Vormela peregusna inhabit areas in the site with not dense shrubby vegetation, edges of dense forests with grasslands. The site is one of the two sites in the southern part of Black Sea Coast (between the port of Burgas and Turkey), where the Testudo hermanni and Testudo graeca inhabits coastal habitats with breeding populations. Elaphe quatorlineata sauromates is common species in the area. The site hosts un-fragmented habitats of wolf however the species is now only marginally presented there - the site aim is restoration of te natural range of the species. The site is one of the recent localities of Lynx lynx - however its status is unclear. On the rocky reefs in the area was discovered and explored unique in terms of biodiversity, status and scope for Bulgarian Black Sea biotope of sciophilic macroalgae "Lower infralittoral with sciophilic Phyllophora crispa association", classified as a subtype of habitat 1170. This is a rare biotope, occurring only in clean and transparent waters at depths more than -10 m, and therefore of high conservation significance at national and regional level. In the research area there are favorable morphological and physico-geographical conditions for extensive development of Phyllophora crispa: large area of the rocky substrate in optimal depth horizons, low levels of eutrophication, high transparency of the water column and favorable light climate underpinning the development of the sciophilic macroalgae. All along the rocky reefs in the area at depths of 0 to -10 ÷ 12 m was found massive presence of biotopes of high conservation value - communities of the photophilic brown macroalgae Cystoseira crinita and Cystoseira barbata, classified as subtype of habitat 1170. The greater depth of penetration of C. barbata (-12 ÷ 13 m), species and quantitative composition of the macroalgae communities are typical of oligotrophic conditions. The marine area includes mussel banks on sediment (subtype of habitat 1170) with significant area, coverage and biomass of the habitat-forming species Mytilus galloprovincialis, a relatively large average size and good dimensional structure of the black mussels, high diversity of the accompanying invertebrate fauna and fishes. The prospects for maintaining the mussel banks are good given the low levels of anthropogenic pressure. Proposed for protection marine areas include 14% of the national coverage of mussel banks. The aquatory is habitat of the shad fishes of the genus Alosa, and in spring through there pass the migration routes of the shoals to the spawning grounds in the rivers, and upon completion of the reproductive process, the representatives of the genus inhabit the aquatory, where they actively nurture. The aquatory preserves about 7% of the national population of Alosa immaculata, calculated on the basis of the potential habitat of the species in the productive shelf zone. The marine part of the site is a permanent habitat for both target cetacean species. As a potential habitat for cetaceans it is of the highest class in terms of abundant trophic base, preserved ecosystems with rich biodiversity and relatively low levels of contamination with petroleum products. The significance of the marine area for the conservation of the populations of the target species of cetaceans is: for Harbor Porpoise the aquatory of the site protects 11% of the national population, and for the Bottlenose Dolphin 8%, calculated on the basis of potential habitats for the species in the productive shelf zone.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Data on marine part of the site provided and revised by V.Todorova, M.Panayotova - Institute of Oceanology, BAS/1-vi May Str. 40, 9000 Varna/; Initial proposal and description of the site made by Green Balkans; Balkani Wildlife Society; Stoyan Beshkov - National Museum of Natural History; Bulgarian Phytosociological Society; Bulgarian Herpetological Society; Bat Research and Protection Group; Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation; T. Trichkova, T. Stefanov, M. Vasilev, M. Zhivkov, D. Dobrev, V. Popov, I. Pandurski, S. Zidarova, A. Tsekov, I. Dobrovolov, D. Peev, Ch.Gussev, S. Klayn, D. Deyanova, D. Berov - Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, BAS; Rosen Tsonev - Sofia University; Stancho Petrov - Agricultural University, Plovdiv;Contacts of the respondents that took part in the preparation and the gathering of the information for the site: 1.Green Balkans Federation - 160 Shesti Septemvri Blvd., Plovdiv 4000, Bulgaria; Tel: +359 32/626 977; +359 32/626 915; Fax: +359 32/635 921; e-mail:; www.greenbalkans.org2.BALKANI Wildlife Society - 8 Dragan Tzankov Blvd., 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria; Tel. ++359 2 963 14 70; Fax ++359 2 963 31 93; E-mail:; www.balkani.org3.National museum of natural history - 1 Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria; Tel./Fax. (+ 359 2) 988 28 944.Bulgarian Phytosociological Society – 23 Georgi Bonchev str., 1113 Sofia5.Bulgarian Herpetological Society – 2 Iurii Gagarin str., 1113 Sofia; E-mail:; www.bulhersoc.hit.bg6.Bat Research and Protection Group - 1 Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1000 Sofia; Tel. ++359 2 987 50 72; E-mail:; ;7. Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, BAS – 2 Gagarin Str., Sofia;;;,,;Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences ( Todorova et al., 2012. Report on implementation of grant Contract No. 7976 / 04.04.2011, between EMEPA and the Institute of Oceanology. Project: "Expansion of the Natura 2000 ecological network in the Bulgarian Black Sea marine area to overcome the moderate insufficiencies regarding marine habitats 1110 "Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time" and 1170"Reefs"and species 4125 Alosa immaculata, 1349 Tursiops truncatus and 1351 Phocoena phocoena and partial filling of scientific reserve for habitat 1180 " Submarine structures made by leaking gases" and species 1349 Tursiops truncatus in accordance with the conclusions from the Marine Black Sea Seminar, Brindisi, 15 June 2010". Fund of IO-BAS. Assessment of the current status of waters in the Black Sea Basin region for 2010. Basin Directorate for water management in the Black Sea region. Http:// New data provided by project "Mapping and assessment of the conservation status of the natural habitats and species - Phase 1" (see link on Proposal for terrestrial enlargement with habitats of Vormela peregusna, Lutra lutra, Elaphe sauromates, Testudo graeca, Emys orbicularis, Triturus ivanbureshii, Euplagia quadripunctaria, Lycaena dispar and habitats with codes 1240, 2110, 2120, 2130*, 2180, 3150, 6210, 91F0, 91M0 submitted in June 2021 by BALKANI Wildlife Society, civil initiative Save Karadere and citizen society for saving Koral Beach.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
Ropotamo Complex+5.60
BG03Pyasachni Dyuni Mestnost Perla+0.02
BG03Pyasachni Dyuni - Mestnost Alepu+0.10
BG03Pyasachni Dyuni-Mladezhkiya Tsentar/0.00
BG03Blatoto Alepu+0.17
BG03Nos Agalina*0.00
BG03Skalnite Obrazuvania,Fiordite I Tyulenovata Peshtera V Mestnost Maslen Nos+0.02
BG04Velyov vir+0.01

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Ropotamo Complex+5.60

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The water areas of Ropotamo Complex (Ramsar site) include the estuary of the river, the adjacent Reserve "Velyov vir (Vodnite lilii)" and three coastal lagoons: Arkutino, Alepu and Stamopolu. The aim of designation of "Ropotamo" Reserve is to protect the unique flora and fauna along the coast. The Alepu Marsh is designated as Natural Monument “Blatoto Alepu” with the aim conservation of the natural habitats of protected and rare waterfowl birds and the only locality of devil walnut on the Black Sea coast. Next to it is the Natural Monument „Pyasachni dyuni - Mestnost Alepu”. The "Skalnite Obrazuvania,Fiordite I Tyulenovata Peshtera V Mestnost Maslen Nos" is protected as a Natural Monument. “Stamopolu” is a Protected Site designated to protect natural forest communities of Quercus, durmast, Oriental beech with subforest of Strandzha verdure and Strandzha blueberry, as well as habitats of rare and endangered plant and animal species. Arkutino is wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention as part of the Ropotamo Complex. Ropotamo Reserve and Alepu are CORINE biotopes sites.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Burgas
Organisation:Basin Directorate for Water Management in the Black Sea Region – Varna
Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Appropriate measures against physical impacts on habitats 1110 and 1170 include: ban on the extraction of sand, gravel, stones; prohibition of breaking rocks, moving of rock blocks and stones; prohibiting burial of habitats subject of protection under dredge disposals; ban on sealing of habitats subject of protection with permanent structures, including artificial underwater reefs and islands; prohibition of conducting actions associated with interference in hydrological processes leading to significant changes in temperature regime, salinity, currents and wave effects; ban on the use of bottom trawling and dredging equipment, including sucking dredgers; prohibition of prospecting, exploration and exploitation of natural resources in zone "A" of the Black Sea coast under Black Sea Coast Development Act; prohibition of the introduction of solid waste. Appropriate measures against chemical impacts on habitats 1110 and 1170 include: prohibiting the discharge of untreated wastewater, the quantity and quality of treated waters must meet the requirements for individual emission limits specified in the discharge permit issued in accordance with the requirements of the Water Act ; prohibition on discharge of treated wastewater to a depth less than 20 meters; application of deep discharge; prohibition on introduction of hazardous substances - synthetic, non-synthetic and radionuclides. Necessary measures against selective fishing and collection of species, including by-catch, to protect habitats 1110 and 1170 and species 4127 Alosa tanaica and 4125 Alosa immaculata: Ban on commercial and recreational fishing of fish and molluscan aquatic organisms with the following appliances, tools, accessories and devices - explosives, poisonous and intoxicating substances, electric current and other equipment stunning the fish, bottom trawling and dredging equipment, firearms, jigging; Prohibiting fishing for Alosa spp. species during their period of reproduction; Prohibiting fishing, carrying, transport, sell and buy of Alosa spp. smaller than 22 cm.; In case of determining status changes to the stocks of Alosa spp. threatening their natural reproduction and economic importance, the Minister of Agriculture and Food in coordination with the Minister of Environment and Water imposes a ban on their use for a period of time not less than one year; Ban on commercial fishing of sand mussels Donacilla cornea, Donax trunculus, Chamelea gallina and decapods Upogebia pusilla and Callianassa candida; Permissible quantities for recreational fishing are up to 1 kg for Donacilla cornea, Donax trunculus, up to 2 kg for Chamelea gallina, up to 0.5 kg for crustacean Upogebia pusilla; Ban on commercial and recreational catch of polychaete worms Arenicola marina and decapods Callianassa spp.; Ban on commercial fishing of Mytilus galloprovincialis from natural mussel banks on rocky bottom and sediment; Permissible quantities for recreational catch of Mytilus galloprovincialis are up to 2 kg.; Prohibiting of fishing, carrying and transport of Mytilus galloprovincialis from natural mussel banks on rocky bottom and sediment smaller than 7 cm; Prohibition of commercial catch of warty crab Eriphia verrucosa. Permissible quantities for recreational fishing are up to 1 kg; Prohibiting of fishing, carrying and transport of warty crabs Eriphia verrucosa smaller than 5 cm; Prohibiting fishing for warty crab Eriphia verrucosa during the period 1 April to 31 May; Prohibition of picking, collecting, cutting, uprooting or otherwise destroying the specimens of sea grass species Zostera marina, Z. noltii, Zannichellia palustris, Potamogeton pectinatus in their natural range; Prohibition of picking, collecting, cutting, uprooting or otherwise destroying the specimens in their natural range of the species of macroalgae Cystoseira spp, Phyllophora crispa. Necessary measures for the protection of cetaceans 1349 Tursiops truncatus, 1351 Phocoena phocoena and 1350 Delphinus delphis: Prohibited all forms of deliberate capture or killing of specimens by any appliances, tools and methods; persecution and disturbance, particularly during the period of breeding, rearing, wintering and migration; taking found dead specimens; possession, rearing, transportation, carrying, export, trading and offering for sale or exchange of specimens taken from the wild; taxidermy, possession, display in public, handling, transportation, export, trading and offering for sale or exchange of taxidermy specimens. Equipment of fixed fishing gear with repellent devices. Necessary measures against invasive alien species: Subsidized catch of Rapana venosa and egg cocoons by scuba method and traps; Deliberate introduction into the marine environment of alien species is prohibited; Prohibited reballasting of ships in the aquatory of the SCI. For prevention appropriate assessment under art. 6 of the Habitats Directive is needed for the following projects and investment proposals: the construction of harbors and port installations; shore reinforcement and shore protection constructions (dikes, jetties, breakwaters); prospecting, exploration and exploitation of natural resources; prospecting, exploration and exploitation of oil, natural gas and unconventional hydrocarbons; construction of oil and gas pipelines; facilities for the production of electricity by wind power; farming of fish and shellfish aquatic organisms; underwater or floating constructions for tourist purposes. In order to control the status and effectiveness of conservation management measures monitoring of the conservation status of habitats and species populations is needed.



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