Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

BG0001007

1.3 Site name

Strandzha

1.4 First Compilation date

2006-06

1.5 Update date

2018-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2007-03
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-12
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data
Explanation(s):Adopted by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Modified in the marine part by Council of Ministers Decision No. 660/01.11.2013 (promulgated SG 97/2013).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:27.736400
Latitude:42.069500

2.2 Area [ha]

153541.2000

2.3 Marine area [%]

24.5000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG34Yugoiztochen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Black Sea (75.50 %) Marine Black Sea (24.50 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      2835.81  0.00 
1130  info      5.64  0.00 
1140  info      7.5664  0.00 
1160  info      10.25  0.00 
1170  info      35009.1  0.00 
1210  info      12.47  0.00 
1240  info      53.31  0.00 
1410  info      0.56  0.00       
2110  info      11.23  0.00 
2120  info      7.9  0.00 
2130  info      1.69  0.00       
2180  info      0.34  0.00 
2190  info      1.58  0.00 
3150  info      18.28  0.00 
3260  info      7.93  0.00 
3270  info      1.89  0.00 
4030  info      87.65  0.00 
5130  info      0.01  0.00       
5210  info      2.72  0.00       
6110  info      60.26  0.00 
6210  info      3574.77  0.00 
6220  info      2684.65  0.00 
62A0  info      22.78  0.00 
6430  info      80.74  0.00 
6510  info      29.34  0.00 
7220  info      0.01  0.00 
8210  info      90.15  0.00 
8220  info      106.96  0.00 
8230  info      98.5  0.00 
8310  info      93.00 
8330  info      6.6206  6.00 
9170  info      13.96  0.00 
9180  info      127.81  0.00 
91AA  info      0.97  0.00 
91E0  info      145.33  0.00 
91F0  info      198.46  0.00 
91G0  info      28.37  0.00 
91M0  info      57472.2  0.00 
91S0  info      15645  0.00 
91Z0  info      1.51  0.00 
92A0  info      48.27  0.00 
92D0  info      0.07  0.00       
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5290Alburnus schischkovi    301674  301674 
F4125Alosa immaculata         
F4125Alosa immaculata    48380  48380  area 
F4127Alosa tanaica    68  68 
F4127Alosa tanaica         
M1308Barbastella barbastellus    863  1538 
F5265Barbus bergi    294644  294644 
I4011Bolbelasmus unicornis          DD 
A1188Bombina bombina        localities  DD 
M1352Canis lupus    15  17   
I1088Cerambyx cerdo    636395  939001 
F1149Cobitis taenia    35119  35119 
I4045Coenagrion ornatum    localities 
R5194Elaphe sauromates        localities  DD 
R1220Emys orbicularis    27  27  localities 
I1065Euphydryas aurinia    36203  72081 
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria    668481  983550 
I1083Lucanus cervus    632525  1244294 
M1355Lutra lutra    140  150   
I1060Lycaena dispar          DD 
M1361Lynx lynx    localities 
R1222Mauremys caspica    11  11  localities 
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    101  250 
I1089Morimus funereus    866921  1006961 
M2617Myomimus roachi          DD 
M1323Myotis bechsteinii    2500  4200 
M1307Myotis blythii    51  100 
M1316Myotis capaccinii    51  100 
M1321Myotis emarginatus    51  100 
M1324Myotis myotis    51  100 
I1037Ophiogomphus cecilia    localities 
I1084Osmoderma eremita    67868  132919 
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides    23  23  localities 
M1351Phocoena phocoena         
M1306Rhinolophus blasii    500  2500 
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    500  1500 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    500  1500 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    250  500 
M1302Rhinolophus mehelyi    200  400 
F5339Rhodeus amarus    190524  190524 
I1087Rosalia alpina    197207  359146 
M1335Spermophilus citellus          DD       
R1219Testudo graeca    46  46  localities 
R1217Testudo hermanni    52  52  localities 
A1171Triturus karelinii    localities 
M1349Tursiops truncatus         
I1032Unio crassus    232119  232119 
M2635Vormela peregusna          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                 
5040Acipenser gueldenstaedtii                 
2488Acipenser stellatus                 
5538Aidablennius sphynx                   
3019Anguilla anguilla                   
Arbutus unedo                   
Astrodaucus littoralis                   
5562Atherina boyeri                   
Brenthis hecate                   
1201Bufo viridis                 
Calystegia soldanella                   
1353Canis aureus    50  60           
Cardamine penzesii                   
Centaurea pichleri                   
Centaurea thracica                   
Chamelea gallina                   
Cheilanthes persica                   
Cicer montbretii                   
Cistus salvifolius                   
Coluber caspius                 
1283Coronella austriaca                 
5614Coryphoblennius galerita                   
Crambe maritima                   
Cyclamen coum                   
Cystoseira barbata                
Cystoseira crinita                
Daphne pontica                   
5622Dasyatis pastinaca                   
1350Delphinus delphis               
Donacilla cornea                   
Donax trunculus                   
1281Elaphe longissima                 
Epimedium pubigerum                   
Eriphia verrucosa                 
1363Felis silvestris                 
Fritillaria pontica                   
Geranium tuberosum                   
Glaucopsyche alexis                   
Groenlandia densa                   
Heptaptera triquetra                   
Hesperis theophrasti                   
Heteropterus morpheus                   
5671Hippocampus guttulatus                   
2489Huso huso                 
1203Hyla arborea                 
Hypecoum ponticum                   
Hypericum androsaemum                   
Hypericum calycinum                   
Ilex colchica                   
Imperata cylindrica                   
Knautia degenii                   
1261Lacerta agilis                 
1251Lacerta trilineata                 
1263Lacerta viridis                 
Laurocerassus officinalis                   
Lentidium mediterraneum                   
Leuciscus cephalus                   
Leucojum aestivum                   
Lithobius bifidus                   
5704Liza ramada                   
Lupinus albus                   
Lycaena ottomanus                   
Maculinea arion                 
1357Martes martes                 
Melitaea trivia                   
5716Mesogobius batrachocephalus                   
Mespilus germanica                   
Mytilus galloprovincialis                   
1292Natrix tessellata                 
5759Neogobius melanostomus                   
Nuphar luteum                   
Nymphalis xanthomelas                   
Orchis laxiflora                   
Orchis papilionacea                   
Ostrea edulis                 
Otanthus maritimus                   
Pachygrapsus marmoratus                   
Paeonia peregrina                   
Paeonia tenuifolia                   
Pancratium maritimum                   
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                 
5781Pegusa lascaris                   
1200Pelobates syriacus                 
5784Petroleuciscus borysthenicus                   
Phyllophora crispa                 
1256Podarcis muralis                 
1248Podarcis taurica                 
Polygala supina                   
2550Pomatoschistus microps                   
Primula acaulis ssp. rosea                   
Pyracantha coccinea                   
Quercus hartwissiana                   
5810Raja clavata                   
1209Rana dalmatina                 
Rhododendron ponticum                   
Romulea linaresii ssp. graeca                   
2529Rutilus frisii                   
5826Salaria pavo                   
Salvia forskahlei                   
5836Sarda sarda                   
Scilla bythinica                   
Serapias vomeraceae                   
Sideritis syriaca                   
2537Silurus glanis                   
Sisyra terminalis                   
5858Squalus acanthias                   
5867Symphodus ocellatus                   
Syngnathus typhle                   
Taxus baccata                   
Teucrium lamifolium                   
Thymelicus acteon                   
5888Trachinus draco                   
Trachystemon orientalis                   
Trichoniscus beroni                   
Trichoniscus valkanovi                   
Tulipa thracica                   
5899Uranoscopus scaber                   
Vaccinium arctostaphylos                   
Verbascum bugulifolia                   
Veronica turrilliana                   
Vimba vimba                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                 
Xantho poressa                   
1053Zerynthia polyxena                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0124.50
N087.70
N091.50
N152.30
N1659.30
N193.90
N230.80

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site comprises the branches of Strandzha mountain chain with its outskirts sliding into the Black Sea. The whole terrestrial area is a Natural Park. The inland part of the site is highly forested. Beech and oak forests prevail. The site covers the shallow river valleys and the estuaries of two main rivers - Veleka and Rezovska. Some stretches of these rivers are completely wild without roads and other infrastructure. The coastal territory is partially fragmented by 3 villages. However, most of the coastal line is wild and preserved against strong human impact. There are three shore types – abrasive cliffy, abrasion-accumulative and firth-accumulative (the beaches of Nestinarka, Ahtopol at the mouth of Veleka River, Silistar). The predominant length of the coastline is occupied by rocks. The cliffy coast and the underwater coastal slope are composed of calcareous sandstones and volcanites with marl layers. Morphological diversity of the underwater coastal slope is due to the presence of numerous rocky banks of up to 8 m height above the seabed. The rocky bottom reveals at a distance of up to 350-2000 m from the shore seaward, and in some sections covers the entire coastal zone. At At places are observed steep underwater cliffs of up to -24 m depth. Dune areas are scarce, mainly near the estuaries. Coarse-grained sand materials dominate on the beach and on the underwater coastal slope dominate coarse and medium sands. At a depth of under -25 m the bottom substrates are gray-black, gray and gray-green soft plastic terrigenous muds with layers of shell detritus.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site includes well-preserved rocky habitats. The site is important for the conservation of invertebrate fauna. It covers very well preserved habitats of oak forests, combined with steep cliffs and estuaries, important feeding and breeding areas of bats and other small mammals. The site includes significant forest areas - 91MO, 91S0, 91F0, 91E0. This is the most important site for protection of habitat type 91S0. The site is important in terms of geographical coherence of estuaries (1130), white dunes (2120) and gray dunes (2130). Dunes (codes 2120 and 2130) are formed as a narrow strip along beaches - mainly near river estuaries. 2 big and 2 small estuaries (1130) are formed in the site. Most of the coastal line is occupied by vegetated sea cliffs of the Mediterranean coasts with endemic Limonium spp. (code 1240). The most of the inlands are occupied by forests. Agricultural lands are scattered in some of the valleys and around the villages. This is the most important place with localities of Mauremys caspica in the Black Sea region (few localities northern the site). Important habitats also for Emys orbicularis, Bombina bombina and Lutra lutra (it also inhabits rocky seashores in the site), Testudo hermanni, Testudo graeca, Elaphe quatorlineata sauromates, Vormela peregusna. The last 4 inhabit in the area places with not dense shrubby vegetation, edges of dense forests with grasslands and agricultural lands, hedges in extensive agricultural lands. The site is one of the two sites in the southern part of Black Sea Coast (between the port of Burgas nad Turkey), where the Testudo hermanni and Testudo graeca inhabits coastal habitats with breeding populations. The site hosts un-fragmented habitats of wolf however the species is now only marginally presented there - the site aims to restore the natural habitat of the species. The marine area and the seabed in front of the Strandzha mountains region provide very good opportunities for the development of marine biota in comparison to the other parts of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. This is due to a combination of the nature of the seabed - a mosaic of rocky reefs, sandbanks and fields of fine sediment (silt); various seabed profiles providing depths suitable for habitation; sea currents which bring to the surface cold waters rich in oxygen, minerals and nutrients in balanced proportions; clean surface water heated by high solar radiation. The favorable combination of these factors, unique to Bulgarian waters, supports large fields of Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis on soft substrate - biogenic reefs, subtype of habitat type 1170; Mediterranean mussels and brown, green and red algae on rocky reefs (1170); abundant macrozoobenthos in sandbanks 1110. Abundant phyto-and zoobenthos along with the rich in nutritional plankton warm surface waters are trophic base for abundant and diverse fish stocks in the area. Proposed outline of the site covers the set of Alosa spp. habitats: coastal zone, off-shore marine area and estuaries, which makes the site particularly suitable for the protection of shad fishes in the different phases of their life cycle. The marine area of the site is a habitat with excellent characteristics with respect to the biological needs of the target species of cetaceans. There are significant stocks of benthic fishes in the site, which are the main food source of Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) and Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), besides these benthic species are permanent residents of the area. Due to the warm and rich in nutritional plankton water through here annually passes the spring and autumn migration of the main Black Sea pelagic fish species that are important to during the calf-rearing period and to accumulate enough fat in the autumn to survive the cold winter months when food is scarce and hard to get. This, together with the relatively low anthropogenic pressure in the area - availability of clean water and moderate fishing pressure, makes the marine area in front of the Strandzha coast particularly suitable for the conservation of target species of cetaceans.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04.03i
HB02.02i
MC01.01.02i
MC02i
LD01.02i
MD02.01i
MD02.02i
LE01.02i
ME03.01b
LF02.01i
MF02.02.02b
HF03.01i
MF03.02i
HF03.02.03i
MF04i
LG01.03i
MH01.01Xb
LH01.03o
LH01.08b
MH03.01Ob
LK02.03i
MK03.06i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUi

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Data on marine part of the site provided and revised by V.Todorova, M.Panayotova - Institute of Oceanology, BAS / 1-vi May Str. 40, 9000 Varna / vtodorova@io-bas.bg; Initial proposal and description of the site made by Green Balkans; Balkani Wildlife Society; K. Popov, S. Ivanov, S. Dalakchieva, R. Stanchev - Bulgarian Ornithological Centre; Stoyan Beshkov - National Museum of Natural History; Bulgarian Phytosociological Society; Bulgarian Herpetological Society; Bat Research and Protection Group; Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation; D. Peev, Ch. Gussev, V. Popov, I. Pandurski, Z. Hubenov, C. Delchev, S. Zidarova - Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, BAS; A. Tsekov, I. Dobrovolov, Rosen Tsonev - Sofia University. Contacts of the respondents that took part in the preparation and the gathering of the information for the site: [1.] Green Balkans Federation - 160 Shesti Septemvri Blvd., Plovdiv 4000, Bulgaria; Tel: +359 32/626 977; +359 32/626 915; Fax: +359 32/635 921; e-mail: office@greenbalkans.org; www.greenbalkans.org [2.] BALKANI Wildlife Society - 8 Dragan Tzankov Blvd., 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria; Tel. ++359 2 963 14 70; Fax ++359 2 963 31 93; E-mail: office@balkani.org; www.balkani.org [3.] National museum of natural history - 1 Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria; Tel./Fax. (+ 359 2) 988 28 94 [4.] Bulgarian Phitosociological Society - 23 Georgi Bonchev str., 1113 Sofia [5.] Bulgarian Herpetological Society - 2 Yuriy Gagarin str., 1113 Sofia; E-mail: bhs_office@mail.bg; www.bulhersoc.hit.bg [6.] Bat Research and Protection Group - 1 Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1000 Sofia; Tel. ++359 2 987 50 72; E-mail: brpg@bats-bulgaria.org; http://bats-bulgaria.org [7.] Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, BAS – 2 Gagarin Str., Sofia. Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: V. Todorova et al., 2012. Report on implementation of grant Contract No. 7976 / 04.04.2011, between EMEPA and the Institute of Oceanology. Project: "Expansion of the Natura 2000 ecological network in the Bulgarian Black Sea marine area to overcome the moderate insufficiencies regarding marine habitats 1110 "Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time" and 1170"Reefs"and species 4125 Alosa immaculata, 1349 Tursiops truncatus and 1351 Phocoena phocoena and partial filling of scientific reserve for habitat 1180 " Submarine structures made by leaking gases" and species 1349 Tursiops truncatus in accordance with the conclusions from the Marine Black Sea Seminar, Brindisi, 15 June 2010". Fund of IO-BAS. Assessment of the current status of waters in the Black Sea Basin region for 2010. Basin Directorate for water management in the Black Sea region. Http://www.bsbd.org/UserFiles//File/godishen%20doklad%20za%20sastoianieto%20na%20vodite%202010_raboten%20variant.pdf New data provided by project "Mapping and assessment of the conservation status of the natural habitats and species - Phase 1" (see link on http://natura2000.moew.government.bg).
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0001007&siteType=HabitatDirective
http://www.bsbd.org/UserFiles//File/godishen%20doklad%20za%20sastoianieto%20na%20vodite%202010_raboten%20variant.pdf

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0024.40
BG013.50
BG030.02
BG0575.60
BG064.22

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG01Silkosiya+0.25
BG06Ustieto na reka Veleka+0.98
BG06Paroria+0.64
BG06Rudenovo+0.01
BG06Marina reka+0.03
BG03Gradishteto+0.00
BG03Peshtera Maharata+0.00
BG03Peshtera i Izvorite na Reka Mladezhka+0.02
BG01Sredoka+0.40
BG06Moryane+0.07
BG06Dokuzak+0.00
BG05Strandzha+75.60
BG01Uzunbudzhak+1.65
BG06Kalkata+0.01
BG03Kamenska Barchina+0.00
BG06Krivinozovo+0.07
BG06Petrova niva+0.16
BG06Veleka+1.01
BG06Silistar+0.50
BG01Vitanovo+0.72
BG01Tisovitza+0.49
BG06Bosna+0.03
IN03Uzunbodzhak+1.65
BG03Nahodishte Na Kaspiiska I Obiknovena Blatna Kostenurka V Mestnostta Nakovo Kladenche+0.00
BG03Peshterata Elenina Dupka+0.00
BG06Bataka - Estestveno Nahodishte Na Strandzhanski Dab+0.03
BG06Estestveno Nahodishte Na Piren (Erica Arborea)+0.01
BG06Strandzhanska Zelenika+0.32
BG06Strandzhanski Dabravi+0.33

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Natural Park "Strandzha" was designated for long-term preservation of the unique nature in the catchment areas of the rivers Veleka and Rezovska and ensuring sustainable socio-economic development in the region. The five reserves - Vitanovo, Sredoka, Uzunbodzhak, Silkosia, Tisovitsa and most of the protected sites are designated with the aim to protect forest ecosystems and unique to Strandzha endemic plants. The Veleka river estuary is a protected site (“Ustie Na Reka Veleka”), which aims to conserve the typical landscape of the coastal zone, rock formations, fiords, specific xerothermal vegetation and rich wildlife. The natural monuments in the site conserve rock formations, caves and springs.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water – Burgas
Address:
Email:riosvbs@unacs.bg
Organisation:Strandzha Nature Park Directorate
Address:
Email:park@strandja.bg
Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water
Address:
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg
Organisation:Basin Directorate for Water Management in the Black Sea Region – Varna
Address:
Email:bdvarna@bsbd.org

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Appropriate measures against physical impacts on habitats 1110 and 1170 include: ban on the extraction of sand, gravel, stones; prohibition of breaking rocks, moving of rock blocks and stones; prohibiting burial of habitats subject of protection under dredge disposals; ban on sealing of habitats subject of protection with permanent structures, including artificial underwater reefs and islands; prohibition of conducting actions associated with interference in hydrological processes leading to significant changes in temperature regime, salinity, currents and wave effects; ban on the use of bottom trawling and dredging equipment, including sucking dredgers; prohibition of prospecting, exploration and exploitation of natural resources in zone "A" of the Black Sea coast under Black Sea Coast Development Act; prohibition of the introduction of solid waste. Appropriate measures against chemical impacts on habitats 1110 and 1170 include: prohibiting the discharge of untreated wastewater, the quantity and quality of treated waters must meet the requirements for individual emission limits specified in the discharge permit issued in accordance with the requirements of the Water Act ; prohibition on discharge of treated wastewater to a depth less than 20 meters; application of deep discharge; prohibition on introduction of hazardous substances - synthetic, non-synthetic and radionuclides. Necessary measures against selective fishing and collection of species, including by-catch, to protect habitats 1110 and 1170 and species 4127 Alosa tanaica and 4125 Alosa immaculata: Ban on commercial and recreational fishing of fish and molluscan aquatic organisms with the following appliances, tools, accessories and devices - explosives, poisonous and intoxicating substances, electric current and other equipment stunning the fish, bottom trawling and dredging equipment, firearms, jigging; Prohibiting fishing for Alosa spp. species during their period of reproduction; Prohibiting fishing, carrying, transport, sell and buy of Alosa spp. smaller than 22 cm.; In case of determining status changes to the stocks of Alosa spp. threatening their natural reproduction and economic importance, the Minister of Agriculture and Food in coordination with the Minister of Environment and Water imposes a ban on their use for a period of time not less than one year; Ban on commercial fishing of sand mussels Donacilla cornea, Donax trunculus, Chamelea gallina and decapods Upogebia pusilla and Callianassa candida; Permissible quantities for recreational fishing are up to 1 kg for Donacilla cornea, Donax trunculus, up to 2 kg for Chamelea gallina, up to 0.5 kg for crustacean Upogebia pusilla; Ban on commercial and recreational catch of polychaete worms Arenicola marina and decapods Callianassa spp.; Ban on commercial fishing of Mytilus galloprovincialis from natural mussel banks on rocky bottom and sediment; Permissible quantities for recreational catch of Mytilus galloprovincialis are up to 2 kg.; Prohibiting of fishing, carrying and transport of Mytilus galloprovincialis from natural mussel banks on rocky bottom and sediment smaller than 7 cm; Prohibition of commercial catch of warty crab Eriphia verrucosa. Permissible quantities for recreational fishing are up to 1 kg; Prohibiting of fishing, carrying and transport of warty crabs Eriphia verrucosa smaller than 5 cm; Prohibiting fishing for warty crab Eriphia verrucosa during the period 1 April to 31 May; Prohibition of picking, collecting, cutting, uprooting or otherwise destroying the specimens of sea grass species Zostera marina, Z. noltii, Zannichellia palustris, Potamogeton pectinatus in their natural range; Prohibition of picking, collecting, cutting, uprooting or otherwise destroying the specimens in their natural range of the species of macroalgae Cystoseira spp, Phyllophora crispa. Necessary measures for the protection of cetaceans 1349 Tursiops truncatus, 1351 Phocoena phocoena and 1350 Delphinus delphis: Prohibited all forms of deliberate capture or killing of specimens by any appliances, tools and methods; persecution and disturbance, particularly during the period of breeding, rearing, wintering and migration; taking found dead specimens; possession, rearing, transportation, carrying, export, trading and offering for sale or exchange of specimens taken from the wild; taxidermy, possession, display in public, handling, transportation, export, trading and offering for sale or exchange of taxidermy specimens. Equipment of fixed fishing gear with repellent devices. Necessary measures against invasive alien species: Subsidized catch of Rapana venosa and egg cocoons by scuba method and traps; Deliberate introduction into the marine environment of alien species is prohibited; Prohibited reballasting of ships in the aquatory of the SCI. For prevention appropriate assessment under art. 6 of the Habitats Directive is needed for the following projects and investment proposals: the construction of harbors and port installations; shore reinforcement and shore protection constructions (dikes, jetties, breakwaters); prospecting, exploration and exploitation of natural resources; prospecting, exploration and exploitation of oil, natural gas and unconventional hydrocarbons; construction of oil and gas pipelines; facilities for the production of electricity by wind power; farming of fish and shellfish aquatic organisms; underwater or floating constructions for tourist purposes. In order to control the status and effectiveness of conservation management measures monitoring of the conservation status of habitats and species populations is needed.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY