Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

BG0001028

1.3 Site name

Sreden Pirin - Alibotush

1.4 First Compilation date

2006-04

1.5 Update date

2018-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2007-12
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-12
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data
Explanation(s):Adopted by Council of Ministers Decision No. 802/04.12.2007 (promulgated SG 107/2007). Extended by Council of Ministers Decision No. 811/16.11.2010 (promulgated SG 96/2010).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.566667
Latitude:41.510556

2.2 Area [ha]

68934.3850

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG41Yugozapaden

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (73.40 %) Continental (26.60 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3140  info      17.74  0.00 
3150  info      3.38  0.00 
4060  info      200.8  0.00 
4070  info      38.51  0.00 
4090  info      6.8245  0.00   
40A0  info      6.8245  0.00   
5130  info      26.02  0.00 
5210  info      831.88  0.00 
6110  info      16.44  0.00 
6170  info      573.46  0.00 
6210  info      1098.63  0.00 
6220  info      2977.35  0.00 
6230  info      11.69  0.00 
62A0  info      688  0.00 
62D0  info      20.5  0.00 
6420  info      4.25  0.00 
6430  info      116.79  0.00 
6510  info      56.72  0.00 
6520  info      195.83  0.00 
7140  info      6.8245  0.00   
7220  info      0.01  0.00 
7230  info      0.53  0.00 
8110  info      99.88  0.00 
8120  info      4.15  0.00 
8210  info      216.27  0.00 
8220  info      86.11  0.00 
8230  info      353.5  0.00 
8310  info      48.00 
9110  info      14.78  0.00 
9130  info      9491.59  0.00 
9150  info      2011.96  0.00 
9170  info      5463.29  0.00 
9180  info      12.83  0.00 
91AA  info      213.7  0.00 
91BA  info      63.45  0.00 
91CA  info      479.34  0.00 
91E0  info      6.59  0.00 
91M0  info      1292.04  0.00 
91W0  info      202.08  0.00 
9260  info      66.53  0.00 
9270  info      562.79  0.00 
92C0  info      55.44  0.00 
9410  info      436.69  0.00 
9530  info      762.82  0.00 
95A0  info      1109.49  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1093Austropotamobius torrentium    42699  42699 
M1308Barbastella barbastellus    426  795 
F5088Barbus cyclolepis          DD 
A1193Bombina variegata    19  19  localities 
P1386Buxbaumia viridis    125  125  logs 
M1352Canis lupus    12  16 
P4080Centaurea immanuelis-loewii    300  350 
I1088Cerambyx cerdo          DD 
I4046Cordulegaster heros    localities 
I1086Cucujus cinnaberinus    localities 
P4103Dactylorhiza kalopissii    85  85   
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata    localities 
R1293Elaphe situla        localities  DD 
R1220Emys orbicularis    localities 
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria    559  1004 
P4096Gladiolus palustris    33  33   
P2327Himantoglossum caprinum    150  500   
I1083Lucanus cervus    83600  164458 
M1355Lutra lutra     
I1060Lycaena dispar          DD 
P1379Mannia triandra    area 
M2609Mesocricetus newtoni          DD       
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    101  250 
I1089Morimus funereus    334880  388976 
M1323Myotis bechsteinii    250  500 
M1307Myotis blythii    11  50 
M1316Myotis capaccinii          DD       
M1321Myotis emarginatus    11  50 
M1324Myotis myotis    11  50 
I1037Ophiogomphus cecilia    localities 
I1084Osmoderma eremita    88700  173719 
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides    localities 
I4042Polyommatus eroides    1647  3295 
M1306Rhinolophus blasii          DD       
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    11  50 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    51  100 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    251  500 
I1087Rosalia alpina    114800  209069 
M1371Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica    20  40   
R1219Testudo graeca    22  22  localities 
R1217Testudo hermanni    localities 
A1167Triturus carnifex    localities 
A1171Triturus karelinii    localities 
I1032Unio crassus             
M1354Ursus arctos    22  22   
P1590Viola delphinantha    500  700 
M2635Vormela peregusna          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Adiantum capillus-veneris                   
Agriades dardanus                   
Alkanna primuliflora                   
Alkanna stribrnyi                   
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi                   
Arenaria pirinica                   
Astragalus sesameus                   
Asyneuma kellererianum                   
Barbatula bureschi                   
Brachypodium sanctum                   
Bufo viridis                   
Calosoma sycophanta                   
Carabus gigas                   
Carum graecum                   
Centaurea parilica                   
Chondrilla urumoffii                   
Chondrostoma vardarense                   
Coenonympha rhodopensis                   
Coluber caspius                   
Coluber najadum                   
Convolvulus suendermannii                   
Coronella austriaca                   
Crepis bithynica                   
Crepis schachtii                   
Delphinium albiflorum                   
Dianthus drenowskianus                   
Duvalius joakimovi                   
Duvalius marani                   
Elaphe longissima                   
Eptesicus serotinus                   
Erebia medusa                   
Erebia meolans                   
Felis silvestris                       
Fritillaria drenovskyi                   
Fritillaria gussichiae                   
Glaucopsyche alexis                   
Haplophyllum balcanicum                   
Hipparchia senthes                   
Hyla arborea                   
Hypsugo savii                   
Lacerta trilineata                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Leuciscus cephalus                   
Maculinea alcon                   
Maculinea arion                   
Malcolmia angulifolia                   
Martes martes                       
Melitaea trivia                   
Menianthes trifoliata                   
Minuartia rhodopaea                   
Minuartia stojanovii                   
Molops doderoi hlisnikovskyi                   
Muschampia tessellum                   
Myotis mystacinus                   
Myotis nattereri                   
Natrix tessellata                   
Nyctalus leisleri                   
Nyctalus noctula                   
Pallasiella turcomana                   
Parnassius apollo                   
Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Petkovia orphanidea                   
Pieris ergane                   
Pipistrellus nathusii                   
Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Plebejus sephirus                   
Podarcis erhardii                   
Podarcis muralis                   
Podarcis taurica                   
Polyommatus aroaniensis                   
Polyommatus nephohiptamenos                   
Potentilla apenina                   
Pseudochazara orestes                   
Pseudophilotes vicrama                   
Pulsatilla slavjankae                   
Pyrgus cinarae                   
Rana dalmatina                   
Saccharun ravennae                   
Salmo macedonicus                   
Saxifraga ferdinandi-coburgi                   
Saxifraga stribrnyi                   
Scolitantides orion                   
Sedum kostovii                   
Sedum zollikoferi                   
Sempervivum ciliosum                   
Sideritis scardica                   
Tapinopterus balcanicus bureschi                   
Taxus baccata                   
Thymelicus acteon                   
Tulipa pirinica                   
Tulipa rhodopaea                   
Verbascum nobile                   
Viola orphanidis                   
Viola pårinensis                   
Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N061.00
N0811.00
N099.00
N111.00
N1211.00
N151.00
N1643.00
N1715.00
N193.00
N203.00
N221.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The SCI includes middle and south part of Pirin Mountain and bordering Greece Alibotush Mountain. The zone is a natural continuation of Pirin National Park towards south. It includes all altitude levels starting with subalpine meadows, coniferous belt, beech belt, oak woods and Mediterranean matorrals. The zone is sparsely inhabited and the habitats are with low fragmentation. There are two strict natural reserves in it (Oreliak and Alibotush) and number of other smaller protected areas. From the zone are excluded some negatively influenced areas, which do not fragment significantly its territory.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is the most important area for conservation of habitat 9270. It is one of two known locations for conservation of forests of Pinus heldreichii (a subtype of habitat 95A0). In the site is transition from alpine to Medditeranean mountain vegetation and two type of habitats meet each other. The habitats of southern origin penetrate further north (9530, 95À0, 9270), however for northern ones here is their southern limit: , 91CA, 4070, 7140. The zone is one of two SCIs in Bulgaria for conservation of habitat 6420. The zone hosts very big variety of habitats. It is one of the most important areas (in terms of area and status) for conservation of habitat 91AA. In several valleys there were no almost any human activities and not changed natural gradient in forest plant communities is still presented starting from 91AA at lowest altitudes, through 91ÌÎ, 9170, beech forests, higher them 9270, 9530 and finally at highest altitudes 9410, 95À0. The zone is crucial for bear conservation and this species was amongst main grounds in determination site borders and area. Zone is important for achieving necessary coverage for many habitats and reptiles.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA02i
HA04.03i
LA07i
LA08i
HBi
HB01.02i
HB02.01i
MB02.02i
MB02.03i
MB02.04i
MB03i
LD01.02i
LD02.01i
MD05i
ME01i
ME02i
ME03.01i
ME03.03i
HF03.01i
LF03.02i
MF03.02.01i
HF03.02.03i
LF04i
MG01.03i
MG02.02i
LH07i
MJ01i
HJ02i
MJ02.03i
HJ02.05i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Balkani Wildlife Society, office@balkani.org , tel.:+359 2 963 14 70; Centre for Environmental Information and Education, ceie@ceie.org , tel.: +359 2 980 8497 Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Data revised by a team of the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. New data provided by project "Mapping and assessment of the conservation status of the natural habitats and species - Phase 1" (see link).
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0001028&siteType=HabitatDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0094.29
BG013.53
BG032.18

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG03Melnishki piramidi+1.97
BG03Pirostiyata+0.09
BG01Orelyak+1.15
BG03Pavliova gradina+0.12
BG01Ali botush+2.38

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water: Blagoevgrad
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY