Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002002

1.3 Site name

Zapaden Balkan

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-12
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 802/04.12.2007 (promulgated SG 107/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 802/04.12.2007 (promulgated SG 107/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 119/09.02.2012 (promulgated SG 20/2012), amended by Order No. RD – 68/28.01.2013 (promulgated SG 10/2013).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.829167
Latitude:43.428889

2.2 Area [ha]

146832.4711

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG31Severozapaden
BG31Severozapaden
BG41Yugozapaden

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (59.70 %) Continental (40.30 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes     
BA085Accipiter gentilis       
BA086Accipiter nisus      61   
BA223Aegolius funereus    20  30   
BA229Alcedo atthis    20  25   
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca    70  90   
BA255Anthus campestris    65  90   
BA091Aquila chrysaetos     
BA404Aquila heliaca     
BA404Aquila heliaca       
BA089Aquila pomarina      35   
BA089Aquila pomarina     
BA104Bonasa bonasia    60  80   
BA215Bubo bubo    18  23   
BA087Buteo buteo    49  85   
BA087Buteo buteo      122   
BA403Buteo rufinus    12  15   
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    100  100   
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA031Ciconia ciconia       
BA031Ciconia ciconia    27  27   
BA030Ciconia nigra    14  14   
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA080Circaetus gallicus      18   
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA082Circus cyaneus       
BA084Circus pygargus      11   
BA231Coracias garrulus       
BA122Crex crex    46  147     
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos    50  70   
BA238Dendrocopos medius    75  75   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    400  700   
BA236Dryocopus martius    80  100   
BA379Emberiza hortulana    325  325   
BA511Falco cherrug     
BA511Falco cherrug     
BA098Falco columbarius       
BA095Falco naumanni          DD 
BA095Falco naumanni     
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA103Falco peregrinus    10  10   
BA099Falco subbuteo       
BA099Falco subbuteo     
BA096Falco tinnunculus      20   
BA096Falco tinnunculus    37  60   
BA320Ficedula parva    60  80   
BA442Ficedula semitorquata    100  300   
BA153Gallinago gallinago     
BA123Gallinula chloropus     
BA078Gyps fulvus       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus     
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus       
BA338Lanius collurio    3500  3500   
BA339Lanius minor    50  100   
BA246Lullula arborea    3412  3412   
BA230Merops apiaster      3170   
BA230Merops apiaster    100  100   
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA077Neophron percnopterus       
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax       
BA072Pernis apivorus    18   
BA072Pernis apivorus      12   
BA234Picus canus    55  75   
BA220Strix uralensis     
BA307Sylvia nisoria    70  600   
BA108Tetrao urogallus    30  30     
BA142Vanellus vanellus    18   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    2590  2590               
A218Athene noctua    83  83               
A366Carduelis cannabina    543  543               
A363Carduelis chloris    3310  3310               
A347Corvus monedula    75  75               
A113Coturnix coturnix    625  625               
A377Emberiza cirlus    182  182               
A382Emberiza melanocephala                 
A269Erithacus rubecula    23000  23000               
A359Fringilla coelebs    55655  55655               
A244Galerida cristata    310  310               
A251Hirundo rustica    342  342               
A233Jynx torquilla    91  91               
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    2620  2620               
A383Miliaria calandra    2232  2232               
A280Monticola saxatilis    40  40               
A214Otus scops    63  63               
A329Parus caeruleus    1480  1480               
A443Parus lugubris    35  35               
A235Picus viridis    543  543               
A267Prunella collaris    19  19               
A345Pyrrhocorax graculus    32  32               
A317Regulus regulus    1000  1000               
A276Saxicola torquata    21  21               
A210Streptopelia turtur    100  100               
A311Sylvia atricapilla    4000  4000               
A333Tichodroma muraria                 
A283Turdus merula    16572  16572               
A285Turdus philomelos    1500  1500               
A282Turdus torquatus    350  350               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.00
N070.00
N086.00
N0912.00
N1010.00
N127.00
N151.00
N1659.00
N171.00
N200.00
N211.00
N221.00
N232.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The boundaries of the area almost coincide with the orographic scope of the western share of the main Balkan Mountain chain, to the north-west stretching from the grounds of the villages Rakovitsa and Podgore to Petrohan and Ponor Mountain to the south and the Proboynitsa river valley and the Vratsa Mountain to the south-east. The area includes the Belogradchik Rocks and the adjacent higher part of the pre-Balkan – a line of karst hills on the south-east. It covers also the territory of Chuprene biosphere reserve and Gornata Koriya reserve. It includes mainly semi-mountain forest habitats. The broadleaved forests have the biggest share – 80,264 ha. Half of them are beech forests of Fagus sylvatica è F. sylvatica subsp. moesiaca. About 50% of the beech forests are between 80 and 250 years old. The forests of Querqus frainetto, Q.cerris, Q.dalechampii and Carpinus betulus have coppice origin. The coniferous forests cover 2,080 ha, mainly spruce Picea abies, on the territory of Chuprene biosphere reserve and spruce – fir in Gornata Koriya. The spruce forests are the only natural and compact forests of this kind in the Western Balkan and are comparatively well preserved of human impact. The open terrain (pastures, farmland, rocks, etc.) covers an area of about 54,300 ha. In spite of the comparatively small area of rock formations and complexes, they are the most valuable habitat in the region, providing nesting conditions for some rare and threatened birds of prey and the Black Stork Ciconia nigra.

4.2 Quality and importance

Generally the Western Balkan supports rich biodiversity. Its birdlife has not been sufficiently studied: 160 breeding bird species have been recorded there, 62 of which are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004). Four species are listed in category SPEC 1 (globally threatened), 22 in SPEC 2 and 36 in SPEC 3 (threatened in Europe). Thirty one of the species occurring there are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria. The Western Balkan supports one of the most numerous populations of the Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca and the Corncrake Crex crex in Bulgaria. Four globally threatened species occur there – the Saker Falcon Falco cherrug and Corncrake Crex crex, the Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca and Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni. The Saker Falcon, Corncrake and Imperial Eagle have considerable populations in the Western Balkan. The Lesser Kestrel is under risk of extinction from the region. The area is representative for the alpine biome, because of the complex of breeding alpine species - Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria, Yellow-billed (Alpine) Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus and Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris. It is among the most valuable areas in the country on a European Union level for conservation of a complex of 22 breeding species - Corncrake, Imperial Eagle, Saker, Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes, Ural Owl Strix uralensis, Tengmalm`s Owl Aegolius funereus, Woodlark Lullula arborea, Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata, Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva, Capercallie Tetrao urogallus, Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, Peregrine Falco peregrinus, Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius, Middle-spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius, White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos, Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus, European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus, Eagle Owl Bubo bubo, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos, Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana, Red-backed Shrike /Lanius collurio/ and Lesser Grey Shrike /Lanius minor/. During the recent years the Capercallie is in risk of extinction from the region. Western Balkan is a site of European importance for the conservation of the Rock Partridge, Little Owl Athene noctua, Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus, Common Quail Coturnix coturnix, Wryneck Jynx torquilla, Greenfinch Carduelis chloris and Blackbird Turdus merula.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA03o
MA03i
LA04i
MA04o
MA04.03i
LA07i
MA07o
HBo
MBi
MB01i
MB01o
MB01.02o
MB01.02i
MB02.02i
HB02.02o
HB02.03o
MB02.03i
HB02.04o
MB02.04i
HB03o
MB03i
LC01.01.01o
LC01.01.01i
LC01.04o
LC01.04i
MC01.07i
MC01.07o
MD01.01o
MD01.01i
MD01.02i
MD01.02o
LD02.01i
ME01o
ME01i
ME01.01i
ME01.01o
ME01.03i
ME03o
LE03i
ME03.01o
LE03.01i
HF03.01i
HF03.01o
MG01.02i
MG01.04i
MG02.02i
MG02.04i
MG05i
MG05.01i
LH04i
MH05i
MH05o
MJ02.05.02i
LL09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
MA04o
ME01.03i
LL09i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dr. J. Spiridonov - Wilderness Fund, (+3592)9880914, 9839294; Dr. P. Iankov, B. Tonchev - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org; G. Stoyanov - BPPS, 1000 Sofia, 40 Levski Blvd., (+3592)9634037; CEIE, 1303 Sofia, 17A "S.Vratchanski" Str., (+3592)9808497. Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP.2000. BDZP.2000. Finalen otchet na proekt “Kartirane gnezdovite nahodishta na tsarskiya orel (Aquila heliaca) I merki za tyahnoto opazvane. 1998-2000, Plovdiv, BDZP, 89 s.; BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptitsi v Balgariya. Natsionalni planove za deystvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa, Kn. 4, Sofiya: 204-219.; Kostadinova, I. (sast.) 1997. Ornitologichno vazhni mesta v Balgariya. BDZP, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa. Kniga 1, BDZP, Sofiya, 176 s.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Nikolov, B., I. Hristov, P. Shurulinkov, I. Nikolov, A. Rogev, A. Dutsov, R. Stanchev. 2001. Novi danni za nyakoi slabo izucheni vidove gorski sovi (Strix uralensis, Glaucidium passerinum, Aegolius funereus) v Balgariya. - Nauka za gorata, Kn. 1/2, 75-86.; Petrov, .Tz. 1997b. Beliyat shtarkel (Ciconia ciconia) v Balgariya. Prirodozashtitna poreditsa, Kniga 2, BDZP, Plovdiv.; Petrov, Tz., P.Iankov, T. Michev, B. Milchev, L. Profirov. 1991. Razprostranenie, chislenost I merki za opazvane na cherniya shtarkel, Ciconia nigra (L.) v Balgariya. – Izv. Muz. Yu. Balgariya, T. 17, 25-32.; Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Savremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Balgariya. – Ekologiya, 15, 60-65.; Strategiya za razvitie na Obshtina Berkovitsa – 2000 – 2006g. Obshtina Berkovitsa. BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp.; Birdlife International (2004) Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).; BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report.; Delov,V. 1995. Investigations on the Corncrake (Crex crex L.) in the region of Sofia. – Ann. Univ. Sofia “St. Kliment Ohridski”, 88, 4, 25-31.; Iankov, P., Tz. Petrov, T. Michev, L. Profirov. 1994. Past and present Status of the Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni in Bulgaria. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R.D. Chancellor eds. 1994. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 133-137.; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia; Kouzmanov, G. 1996. L`Aigle pomarin Aquila pomarina en Bulgarie. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R. D. Chancellor eds. Eagle Studies. World Working Group on Birds of Prey (WWGBP), Berlin, London & Paris, 319-326.; Kouzmanov, G., G. Stoyanov, R. Todorov. 1996. Sur la Biologie et la Protection de l’Aigle royal Aquila chrysaetos en Bulgarie. - In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R.D. Chancellor eds. 1994. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 505-515.; Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria; Nankinov, D. 1997b. Status of Tengmalms Owl, Aegolius funereus, in Bulgaria. – Riv. Ital. Orn., Milano, 66, 2, 127-136 MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16;
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002002&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0097.80
BG011.10
BG030.10
BG061.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG06STO OVCI+0.20
BG01CHUPRENE+1.00
BG01GORNATA KORIYA+0.10
BG06URUCHNIK+0.00
BG03LEVI I DESNI SUHI PECH - CAVES+0.00
BG06CHUPRENE+0.40
BG06KOPREN-RAVNO BUCHE-KALIMANITSA-DEYANITSA+0.40
IN03CHUPRENE+1.00
BG06USKETO+0.00
BG03HAYDUSHKI WATERFALLS+0.00
BG03BYALATA VODA - WATERFALL+0.00
BG03MISHIN KAMAK+0.00
IN06IBA=100.00
BG03VODNIYA SKOK+0.00
BG03DURSHIN VODOPAD+0.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Only 1% of the area is under legal protection according to the national law. The “Tchuprene” reserve was designated in 1973 for protection of the only compact coniferous forest in the Western Balkan. The “Gornata Koriya” reserve was designated in 1968 to protect the coniferous forests. The other protected areas are designated for protection of forest or for protection of caves and landscapes. A significant part of the territory of Western Balkan is under procedure for designation as Nature Park. The Belogradchik Rocks are unique rock complex in the country. The whole Western Balkan, together with Serbian part of the Stara Planina mountain is expected to be declared as geo-park by UNESCO. In 1998 about 33% of the area was appointed as CORINE Sites because of its European value for habitats, rare and threatened plant and animal species, including birds. In 1997 a small part of the area was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. In 2005 the whole territory of Western Balkan was designated as IBA. About 80,000 ha of the IBA is recognized also as Important Plant Area in 2003, because of the valuable forest, meadows and rocky habitats.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorates of Environment and Water -Montana, Sofia; Forestry Departments - Belogradchik, Berkovitsa, Barzia, Govezha, Godech, Montana, Svoge, Chiprovtsi, Chuprene;State Game-breeding Center - Midzhur;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY