Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002023

1.3 Site name

Yazovir Ovcharitsa

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2018-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 549/05.09.2008 (promulgated SG 83/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.179722
Latitude:42.262778

2.2 Area [ha]

4306.2770

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG34Yugoiztochen
BG34Yugoiztochen
BG34Yugoiztochen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus       
BA086Accipiter nisus     
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA054Anas acuta       
BA056Anas clypeata       
BA052Anas crecca    256   
BA050Anas penelope      37   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    33  3000   
BA051Anas strepera      73   
BA041Anser albifrons    74  40632   
BA043Anser anser      43   
BA089Aquila pomarina          DD 
BA089Aquila pomarina          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea    103   
BA029Ardea purpurea          DD 
BA059Aythya ferina    15  367   
BA061Aythya fuligula    210   
BA060Aythya nyroca       
BA021Botaurus stellaris       
BA396Branta ruficollis      59   
BA067Bucephala clangula       
BA087Buteo buteo    15   
BA031Ciconia ciconia     
BA031Ciconia ciconia          DD 
BA030Ciconia nigra          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD 
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus          DD 
BA082Circus cyaneus       
BA083Circus macrourus          DD 
BA084Circus pygargus      15   
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii       
BA038Cygnus cygnus      96   
BA036Cygnus olor      103   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus          DD 
BA027Egretta alba    152   
BA026Egretta garzetta       
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA103Falco peregrinus          DD 
BA099Falco subbuteo          DD 
BA096Falco tinnunculus     
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD 
BA125Fulica atra    194  7700   
BA153Gallinago gallinago      52   
BA123Gallinula chloropus       
BA002Gavia arctica       
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla     
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla       
BA338Lanius collurio    20   
BA459Larus cachinnans    260   
BA182Larus canus       
BA177Larus minutus     
BA179Larus ridibundus          DD 
BA179Larus ridibundus    49  750   
BA246Lullula arborea      150   
BA068Mergus albellus       
BA070Mergus merganser     
BA058Netta rufina      16   
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax       
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    40  40   
BA094Pandion haliaetus          DD 
BA020Pelecanus crispus    30  418   
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus       
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo          DD 
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    35  1364   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    52   
BA151Philomachus pugnax          DD 
BA034Platalea leucorodia      12   
BA005Podiceps cristatus    101   
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD 
BA006Podiceps grisegena     
BA008Podiceps nigricollis      50   
BA008Podiceps nigricollis       
BA118Rallus aquaticus       
BA307Sylvia nisoria     
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    12  12   
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    36   
BA048Tadorna tadorna      11   
BA161Tringa erythropus          DD 
BA166Tringa glareola          DD 
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus       
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus          DD 
BA142Vanellus vanellus      11   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0621.00
N070.00
N081.00
N0910.00
N102.00
N1262.00
N151.00
N160.00
N210.00
N220.00
N233.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

A reservoir on the Ovcharitsa River, east of the town of Radnevo that does not freeze in winter. It is surrounded by low hills of arable land. Immediately next to the dam wall Heating Plant 2 is located. The area also includes the nearby small pools with standing water, the sedimentation pools of the heating plant and the valleys of several smaller rivers. The reservoir has an open water area, low banks and shallows, covered by sparse hygrophyte vegetation. Some of the nearby smaller water pools are also overgrown with water fringe hygrophytes, mainly reed mace Typha spp.. The surrounding hills are occupied by arable lands, sown mainly with winter wheat. At certain places in the river valleys of the rivers flowing into the reservoir there is marsh and hygrophyte grass vegetation, strips of trees with prevailing willow Salix spp. and, more rarely, meso-xerothermal vegetation, dominated by Poa bulbosa, Lolium perenne, etc. (Bondev 1991).

4.2 Quality and importance

Ovcharitsa Reservoir is a site of international importance for wintering waterfowl. Every year up to 45,800 waterfowl of 35 species concentrate there. Of the 87 bird species, established there, 22 are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 62 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 4 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 6 in SPEC 2 and 21 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 21 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 19 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. The reservoir is one of the most important places in the world for the Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus and White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons, considerable numbers of which spend the winter there. A large proportion of the Dalmatian Pelicans are young and immature individuals. Although rarely, the Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis is also recorded as a wintering species. The reservoir has significant value at national level for the Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica and the Great White Egret Egretta alba.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01o
MA01i
HA04.03o
MA07i
MA07o
MA08o
MA08i
MA10o
MA10i
MD01.02i
MD02i
MD02.01i
LE01.01i
ME01.04i
ME02i
HE02.01i
HE02.03i
ME03i
LE03.01i
HE03.02i
ME03.03i
ME03.04i
ME06i
MF02.01.02i
MF02.03i
HF03.01o
HF03.01i
MF03.02.03i
MF03.02.03o
LG01.01i
HHi
MH04i
HH05i
HH06.01i
MH07i
MJ02.01.03i
MJ02.02i
HJ02.10i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
HE02.01i
HF01i
MJ02.02i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dr. Petar Iankov, Liubomir Profirov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Bondev, I. 1991. Rastitelnostta na Balgariya. S. Universitetsko izdatelstvo “Sv. Kliment Ohridski”, 183 s.; Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptitsi v Balgariya. Natsionalni planove za deystvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa, Kn. 4, Sofiya: 204-219.; Nikolov, Hr., S. Marin, A. Darakchiev. 1999. Malkiyat kormoran v Balgariya. Razprostranenie, chislenost I zaplahi. – Nauch. Tr. Plov. Univ., Animaliya, 35, 6, 67-81.; Petkov, N. 1997a. Kachulata potapnitsa (Aythya fuligula). – Za ptitsite, 2 (esen/zima), 13.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp.; Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).; BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Grimmet, R. F. A., R. T. A. Jones. 1989. Important Bird Areas in Europe. Cambridge, U.K.: ICBP (ICBP Technical Publication No9); Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation, vol. 2 Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8).; Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report. Kostadinova, I., S.Dereliev. 2001. Results the Mid-Winter Counts of Waterbirds in Bulgaria for the period 1997- 2001. BSPB Conservation Series. Book 3, BSPB, Sofia, BG; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia; MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16;
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002023&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IN06IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The area was proposed to be designated as protected area in 1997 because of it importance for birds, but it was not put under legal protection so far. In 1998 the area is appointed as CORINE Site because of its European value for birds. In 1989 the area is designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Stara Zagora; Forestry Department - Stara Zagora; East-Aegean River Basin Directorate;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Management Plan for SPA BG0002023 Yazovir Ovcharitsa, approved by Order No. RD – 223/22.04.2016 of the Minister of Environment and Water (promulgated SG 37/2016)
Link: https://www.moew.government.bg/static/media/ups/tiny/filebase/Nature/Natura%202000/PU/Utvyrdeni_PU/PU_BG0002023.zip

No, but in preparation
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY