Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Suha reka

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd.

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 853/15.11.2007 (promulgated SG 100/2007), amended by Order No. RD – 84/28.01.2013 (promulgated SG 10/2013).


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG32Severen tsentralen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes     
BA402Accipiter brevipes          DD 
BA085Accipiter gentilis     
BA085Accipiter gentilis    33  33   
BA086Accipiter nisus    323  323   
BA086Accipiter nisus     
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD       
BA054Anas acuta          DD       
BA056Anas clypeata          DD       
BA052Anas crecca          DD       
BA050Anas penelope          DD       
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD       
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD       
BA053Anas platyrhynchos           
BA055Anas querquedula          DD       
BA051Anas strepera          DD       
BA041Anser albifrons          DD       
BA041Anser albifrons          DD       
BA043Anser anser          DD       
BA043Anser anser          DD       
BA043Anser anser             
BA255Anthus campestris    21  21   
BA090Aquila clanga     
BA404Aquila heliaca     
BA089Aquila pomarina    3238  3238   
BA089Aquila pomarina     
BA028Ardea cinerea    42  42   
BA029Ardea purpurea     
BA059Aythya ferina     
BA059Aythya ferina          DD 
BA060Aythya nyroca    10  10   
BA060Aythya nyroca     
BA396Branta ruficollis          DD 
BA215Bubo bubo    11  11   
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus     
BA087Buteo buteo    2719  2719   
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA088Buteo lagopus     
BA403Buteo rufinus    17  17   
BA403Buteo rufinus    15  15   
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    25  25   
BA149Calidris alpina          DD 
BA147Calidris ferruginea          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus     
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA196Chlidonias hybridus          DD 
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus          DD 
BA197Chlidonias niger      10   
BA031Ciconia ciconia    37212  37212   
BA030Ciconia nigra    470  470   
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA080Circaetus gallicus    51  51   
BA081Circus aeruginosus    77  77   
BA082Circus cyaneus    44  44   
BA083Circus macrourus     
BA084Circus pygargus    21  21   
BA231Coracias garrulus     
BA122Crex crex     
BA036Cygnus olor          DD 
BA238Dendrocopos medius    20  20   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    18  18   
BA236Dryocopus martius       
BA027Egretta alba          DD 
BA027Egretta alba       
BA026Egretta garzetta    220  220   
BA379Emberiza hortulana    100  100   
BA511Falco cherrug    15   
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA098Falco columbarius     
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA103Falco peregrinus          DD 
BA099Falco subbuteo     
BA099Falco subbuteo    11  11   
BA096Falco tinnunculus     
BA096Falco tinnunculus    20  20   
BA097Falco vespertinus     
BA097Falco vespertinus    14  14   
BA154Gallinago media          DD 
BA123Gallinula chloropus     
BA127Grus grus          DD 
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla     
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus     
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus     
BA022Ixobrychus minutus     
BA338Lanius collurio    250  250   
BA339Lanius minor    31  31   
BA459Larus cachinnans          DD 
BA459Larus cachinnans          DD 
BA182Larus canus          DD 
BA182Larus canus          DD 
BA183Larus fuscus          DD 
BA176Larus melanocephalus    10  10   
BA179Larus ridibundus          DD 
BA179Larus ridibundus          DD 
BA156Limosa limosa          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea    29  29   
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    150  150   
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    15  30   
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster    68  68   
BA073Milvus migrans     
BA073Milvus migrans     
BA074Milvus milvus     
BA077Neophron percnopterus       
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD 
BA094Pandion haliaetus     
BA020Pelecanus crispus     
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus    92  92   
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA072Pernis apivorus    1108  1108   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo       
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    323  323   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus          DD 
BA151Philomachus pugnax    10  10   
BA234Picus canus     
BA034Platalea leucorodia    140  140   
BA032Plegadis falcinellus     
BA005Podiceps cristatus     
BA120Porzana parva     
BA119Porzana porzana     
BA121Porzana pusilla     
BA195Sterna albifrons          DD 
BA307Sylvia nisoria     
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis          DD 
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis     
BA397Tadorna ferruginea      40   
BA397Tadorna ferruginea     
BA397Tadorna ferruginea          DD 
BA048Tadorna tadorna          DD 
BA166Tringa glareola          DD 
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus     
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus          DD 
BA142Vanellus vanellus          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    63  63             
A218Athene noctua               
A363Carduelis chloris    16  16             
A113Coturnix coturnix    30  30             
A240Dendrocopos minor               
A382Emberiza melanocephala               
A269Erithacus rubecula    23  23             
A359Fringilla coelebs    170  170             
A244Galerida cristata    24  24             
A251Hirundo rustica    180  180             
A233Jynx torquilla               
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    58  58             
A383Miliaria calandra    65  65             
A214Otus scops    12  12             
A329Parus caeruleus    15  15             
A443Parus lugubris               
A235Picus viridis               
A276Scolopax rusticola               
A210Streptopelia turtur    56  56             
A311Sylvia atricapilla    34  34             
A283Turdus merula    45  45             
A285Turdus philomelos    74  74             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site covers Suha Reka valley and its adjacent dry riverbeds, cliffs and rocky crests. It is located in Dobrudzha, northe of the town of Dobrich, and covers the section from the village of Karapelit on the south to the village of Kranovo on the north. The river almost entirely disappears in the karst terrain. Between the villages of Efreytor Bakalovo and Brestnitsa it forms a reservoir about 7-8 km long. The hills along the riverbed are overgrown with oak forests, more rarely pure Quercus cerris and more often – mixed forests of Quercus cerris and Carpinus orientalis, at places with the participation of Fraxinus ornus. The open areas around the valley are occupied by agricultural lands and pastures, covered by xerothermal grass associations with the predominance of Dichantium ischaemum, Poa bulbosa, etc. and more rarely – with meso- xerothermal grasses (Bondev 1991). The reservoir is fringed by hygrophytes and its water surface is covered at places by Lemna minor and single spots of Ceratophyllum spp. The rocks and the rocky crests are mainly limestone, with average height about 20 m and numerous niches, cornices and small caves.

4.2 Quality and importance

Suha Reka supports 193 bird species, 58 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 90 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 10 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 24 in SPEC 2 and 56 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 72 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 66 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. The Suha Reka dry riverbed is one of the most important areas in the country for the Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea, the Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, the Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina and the Eagle Owl Bubo bubo, where these species breed in considerable numbers. A complex of species, typical to open and transitional habitats are presented in the area with significant breeding populations as well – the Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana, the Roller Coracias garrulus, the Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla, the Woodlark Lullula arborea, the Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris, the Stone Curlew Burchinus oedicnemus, the Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria, the Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio and the Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor. The Suha Reka is one of the most significant corridors for the migrating birds in Dobrudzha and typical bottleneck migration site for storks and birds of prey on the Via Pontica migration route. More than 37000 storks and 5000 raptors pass through the area every year on autumn migration. Some of the birds continue to Provadiyska River Valley and some of the birds continue to Batova river valley.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Milen Marinov, Valentin Katrandzhiev, Ivan Mitev, Dr. Petar Iankov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, .Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences ( BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite;Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.);Delipavlov, D., Ia. Guteva, Bozh. Ivanov, S. Nonev, R. Kuneva. 1997. Predvaritelni terenni prouchvania vurhu rastitelnostta, pticite I drebnite bozajnici v rajona na Suha reka. – V: Sbornik ot nauchni dokladi “Dobrudzha I Kaliakra”, BSHPOB, Plovdiv, 72-76.;Kostadinova, I. (sust.) 1997. Ornitologichno vazhni mesta v Bulgaria. BDZP, Prirodozashtitna poredica. Kniga 1, BDZP, Sofia, 176 s.;Petrov, C., P.Iankov, T. Michev, B. Milchev, L. Profirov. 1991. Razprostranenie, chislenost I merki za opazvane na chernia shturkel, Ciconia nigra (L.) v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, T. 17, 25-32.;Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Suvremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia, 15, 60-65.;Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.;***. 2000. Municipality Plan for Regional Development 2000-2006. Tervel Municipality. (In Bulgarian);***. 2002. Plan Dobrich 2020, Dobrich Municipality, 73pp. (In Bulgarian);***. 2003. Environment Conservation Programme. Town of Dobrich. Terms of implementation: 2003 – 2010. Dobrich Municipality, INKO-Varna, Dobrich, 67pp. (In Bulgarian);***. 2004. Municipality Plan for Economical Development of Kainardzha Municipality. Update Programme 2004 – 2007. (In Bulgarian);BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp.Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.;BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished);Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.);Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation, vol. 2 Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8).;Karaivanov, N., S. Nonev, B. Ivanov. (in print). Birds in the valley of Suha reka, South Dobrudja. ; Kouzmanov, G. 1996. L`Aigle pomarin Aquila pomarina en Bulgarie. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R. D. Chancellor eds. Eagle Studies. World Working Group on Birds of Prey (WWGBP), Berlin, London & Paris, 319-326.;Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.);Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, SofiaMichev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria;MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.);Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99;Petkov, N. 1998a. Current Status of the Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) in Bulgaria. – Partimadar, 6-7, MME, Budapest, 44–49.Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The national nature conservation law does not protect the territory of Suha Reka in practice. There are only two protected areas, designated to protect the caves, which are very small. In 1997 the area was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. In 1998 the same year it become part of CORINE Site because of its European value for rare and threatened habitats, plant and animal species, including birds. The proposed SPA borders a proposed Special Protection Area in Romania.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorates of Environment and Water -Varna, Ruse; Forestry Department - General Toshevo, Dobrich, Silistra;State Game-breeding Centert - Tervel;

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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