Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd.

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-12
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 802/04.12.2007 (promulgated SG 107/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 802/04.12.2007 (promulgated SG 107/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 559/21.08.2009 (promulgated SG 69/2009). Extended terrestrial part of the site by Council of Ministers Decision No. 678/07.11.2013 (promulgated SG 99/2013). Issued Order No.RD – 97/06.02.2014 (promulgated SG 15/2014) for extension of the site and introducing in the increased area of the site the prohibitions set by Order No. RD – 559/21.08.2009, amended by Order No. RD – 818/12.12.2017 (promulgated SG 100/2017).


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Black Sea (65.72 %) Marine Black Sea (34.28 %)


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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes    215  976   
BA402Accipiter brevipes     
BA085Accipiter gentilis     
BA086Accipiter nisus       
BA086Accipiter nisus       
BA086Accipiter nisus    320  366   
BA168Actitis hypoleucos     
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA054Anas acuta    25  25   
BA054Anas acuta       
BA056Anas clypeata      10   
BA052Anas crecca       
BA052Anas crecca    10  10   
BA050Anas penelope      14   
BA050Anas penelope    10  10   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    30   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    10  10   
BA055Anas querquedula    24   
BA051Anas strepera       
BA051Anas strepera     
BA041Anser albifrons    100  100   
BA041Anser albifrons    2100  30166   
BA043Anser anser    10  10   
BA043Anser anser      41   
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris    92  115   
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA404Aquila heliaca     
BA089Aquila pomarina    26  343   
BA028Ardea cinerea    16  16   
BA028Ardea cinerea    185  185   
BA029Ardea purpurea    10  22   
BA029Ardea purpurea     
BA024Ardeola ralloides       
BA024Ardeola ralloides    33  33   
BA222Asio flammeus    10  10   
BA059Aythya ferina    74  866   
BA061Aythya fuligula       
BA021Botaurus stellaris     
BA396Branta ruficollis    23  11196   
BA215Bubo bubo     
BA067Bucephala clangula       
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus    10  10   
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus    82  82   
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA087Buteo buteo    4671  4857   
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA088Buteo lagopus       
BA403Buteo rufinus    19  33   
BA403Buteo rufinus     
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    100  150   
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA149Calidris alpina       
BA149Calidris alpina     
BA147Calidris ferruginea     
BA145Calidris minuta     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus     
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula     
BA139Charadrius morinellus    100  100   
BA196Chlidonias hybridus       
BA196Chlidonias hybridus          DD 
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus     
BA197Chlidonias niger      20   
BA197Chlidonias niger    3000  3000   
BA031Ciconia ciconia    16000  196771   
BA030Ciconia nigra    146  176   
BA080Circaetus gallicus    18  64   
BA081Circus aeruginosus     
BA081Circus aeruginosus     
BA081Circus aeruginosus    418  418   
BA082Circus cyaneus       
BA082Circus cyaneus    10  15   
BA083Circus macrourus    22  28   
BA084Circus pygargus    68  86   
BA064Clangula hyemalis       
BA231Coracias garrulus          DD 
BA231Coracias garrulus    10  10   
BA122Crex crex          DD 
BA038Cygnus cygnus      59   
BA036Cygnus olor          DD 
BA036Cygnus olor       
BA036Cygnus olor      10   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus     
BA027Egretta alba     
BA027Egretta alba       
BA026Egretta garzetta     
BA026Egretta garzetta    15   
BA379Emberiza hortulana     
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD 
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA511Falco cherrug     
BA098Falco columbarius    10  10   
BA098Falco columbarius     
BA100Falco eleonorae       
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA099Falco subbuteo     
BA099Falco subbuteo    48  125   
BA096Falco tinnunculus     
BA096Falco tinnunculus    93  93   
BA096Falco tinnunculus       
BA097Falco vespertinus       
BA097Falco vespertinus    654  1000   
BA321Ficedula albicollis    10000  10000   
BA320Ficedula parva    20000  20000   
BA442Ficedula semitorquata          DD 
BA125Fulica atra    76  1461   
BA125Fulica atra     
BA153Gallinago gallinago     
BA154Gallinago media     
BA123Gallinula chloropus    18  18   
BA123Gallinula chloropus    14   
BA123Gallinula chloropus     
BA002Gavia arctica     
BA002Gavia arctica       
BA001Gavia stellata       
BA135Glareola pratincola    24  24   
BA127Grus grus    33  57   
BA078Gyps fulvus       
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla     
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus    17  273   
BA439Hippolais olivetorum    10  20   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus     
BA022Ixobrychus minutus     
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio    100  120   
BA339Lanius minor    62  62   
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA459Larus cachinnans    80   
BA459Larus cachinnans     
BA459Larus cachinnans    111  186   
BA459Larus cachinnans    60  567   
BA182Larus canus    5500  5500   
BA182Larus canus    11510   
BA183Larus fuscus     
BA183Larus fuscus     
BA183Larus fuscus       
BA180Larus genei         
BA180Larus genei      16   
BA176Larus melanocephalus    20  47   
BA176Larus melanocephalus    47   
BA177Larus minutus       
BA177Larus minutus    3562  3562   
BA179Larus ridibundus       
BA179Larus ridibundus     
BA179Larus ridibundus    3000  3000   
BA246Lullula arborea    10  10   
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    2420  2420   
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    500  800   
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    100   
BA068Mergus albellus       
BA070Mergus merganser       
BA069Mergus serrator       
BA230Merops apiaster    5000  5000   
BA073Milvus migrans    61  151   
BA074Milvus milvus     
BA077Neophron percnopterus       
BA058Netta rufina      81   
BA160Numenius arquata    10   
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax     
BA533Oenanthe pleschanka          DD 
BA533Oenanthe pleschanka    100  250   
BA094Pandion haliaetus     
BA020Pelecanus crispus    14  14   
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus    2057  3250   
BA072Pernis apivorus    1143  2209   
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    15  212   
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    160  180   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    18  287   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    12  263   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus       
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    14   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    10   
BA151Philomachus pugnax       
BA034Platalea leucorodia    19  117   
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    18  18   
BA140Pluvialis apricaria       
BA141Pluvialis squatarola     
BA007Podiceps auritus       
BA007Podiceps auritus       
BA005Podiceps cristatus    21   
BA005Podiceps cristatus      38   
BA006Podiceps grisegena       
BA006Podiceps grisegena     
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    30  76   
BA008Podiceps nigricollis     
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    135   
BA120Porzana parva     
BA464Puffinus yelkouan    2300  4738   
BA118Rallus aquaticus       
BA118Rallus aquaticus     
BA118Rallus aquaticus     
BA249Riparia riparia    6357  6357   
BA063Somateria mollissima     
BA063Somateria mollissima       
BA193Sterna hirundo    34  48   
BA193Sterna hirundo    48  480   
BA191Sterna sandvicensis       
BA191Sterna sandvicensis    200   
BA191Sterna sandvicensis    2000  2000   
BA307Sylvia nisoria          DD 
BA307Sylvia nisoria    10  20   
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis       
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis     
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    15   
BA048Tadorna tadorna    10  10   
BA048Tadorna tadorna     
BA166Tringa glareola       
BA165Tringa ochropus     
BA162Tringa totanus       
BA142Vanellus vanellus     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    684  1500             
A218Athene noctua               
A366Carduelis cannabina    20  20             
A363Carduelis chloris    20  20             
A347Corvus monedula    15  15             
A113Coturnix coturnix    12  12             
A377Emberiza cirlus    10  10             
A382Emberiza melanocephala    172  172             
A269Erithacus rubecula    10  10             
A359Fringilla coelebs    50  50             
A244Galerida cristata    112  112             
A251Hirundo rustica    39587  39587             
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    20  20             
A383Miliaria calandra    500  1200             
A278Oenanthe hispanica    40  40             
A214Otus scops               
A329Parus caeruleus               
A235Picus viridis               
A267Prunella collaris                   
A317Regulus regulus                   
A276Saxicola torquata                   
A210Streptopelia turtur    37  37             
A283Sturnus roseus    1000  1000             
A311Sylvia atricapilla    20  20             
A283Turdus merula    30  30             
A285Turdus philomelos                   
A284Turdus pilaris    20  20             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is located in north-eastern Bulgaria and bears the name of the cape within its limits. It covers the easternmost part of the Dobrudzha plateau, with altitude from 0 to 150 m. To the west it borders on the town of Kavarna, to the north – on the villages of between Rakovski, Hadzhi Dimitar and Sveti Nikola. To the north-east it’s limit follows the road Sveti Nikola - Kamen Bryag – Tjulenovo up to cape Shabla, including the coast with its adjacent shallow marine area from cape Shabla to the port of Kavarna. The village of Bulgarevo and the tourist resort Russalka are also in its limits. The coast is fringed with vertical cliffs up to 100 m high, with characteristic caves and niches. The vegetation is characterized mainly by the prevailing steppe associations and sparse trees and shrubs. It develops on shallow soils and almost exposed limestone rock. The region between Bulgarevo, cape Kaliakra and the area of Eni Kulak holds the last and best preserved steppe habitats in Bulgaria. They are the result of the combination of specific relief, soils and climatic conditions and it is especially important to conserve them, as they support typical species of the steppe biome. Most of the plants belong to the xerothermal type of formations. The flora of Kaliakra resembles the Crimean flora.

4.2 Quality and importance

The Kaliakra IBA is the only site in Bulgaria, which keeps the remaining Eastern Dobrudzha steppe, as well as the biggest cliffs along the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. It supports 310 bird species, 71 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 106 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 17 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 21 in SPEC 2 and 68 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides key habitats for 100 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 95 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. The territory of Kaliakra holds the last big and comparatively well preserved steppe habitat in the Dobrudzha. It is inhabited by typical steppe species, which are quite numerous – Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus, Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla and Calandra Lark Miliaria calandra, 4 Wheater species, Rose-colored Starling Sturnus roseus. Almost the whole national population of the Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleshanka is concentrated in the region. The Stone Curlew, the Greater Short-toed Lark and the Calandra Lark are presented there with the biggest populations in the country. The coastal cliffs host the only Bulgarian colony of the European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis. The open biotope supports a number of birds of prey, like the Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, the Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus, the Hobby Falco subbuteo, the Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes, the Eagle Owl Bubo bubo, etc. In the marine area of Kaliakra are registered the biggest flocks of the Mediterranean Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan in the country. The region is of exceptional importance during migration and it is typical bottleneck site, as it is located on the Via Pontica – the second biggest migration flyway in Europe. Every autumn considerable numbers of soaring birds – more than 29,000 storks, pelicans and cranes and more than 3,000 birds of prey, including globally threatened species like the Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus, the Saker Falcon Falco cherrug and the Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca – pass over Kaliakra. Cape Kaliakra is the point where Bulgaria’s land territory reaches farthest into the sea. Due to the specific geography of the coastline (direction east – west) and the predominant NW wind migratory birds stay in the area longer than usual migrants, trying to avoid sea and to go back again above the mainland, and soaring to get higher. More than 60% of the migratory birds fly through the area up to 150 m high. When the wind is very strong storks and raptors (mainly harriers) lend on the fields between Kavarna and Cape Kaliakra. Only 9% of the birds pass the area flying higher than 500 m. The whole territory of Kaliakra SPA between Kavarna and Tyulenovo is used as stopover site for migratory storks. The Kaliakra IBA is used as stopover site for migratory storks. As they confront the sea on their way south, the numerous flocks of songbirds, Quail and the globally threatened Corncrake Crex crexstop there to roost and feed. They migrate mainly during the night. More than 50,000 are registered only in the light part of the days during the autumn migration. Significant numbers of waterbirds overwinter in the area of Kaliakra, mainly geese, which stay there between December and March. They overnight in the sea and every day they fly over Kaliakra in order to feed in the inland arable lands. Often they land to feed in the arable land in the limits of the proposed SPA. In smaller numbers but regularly the globally threatened Red-breasted goose also overwinter in the region. Forty rare, threatened and endemic plant species and sub-species have been established in the region. Eight of them are included in the European list of rare, threatened and endemic plants and 20 are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1984), 15 of them being in the category “rare” and 10 – “threatened with extinction”.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

Any Public0
Joint or Co-Ownership0

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dimitar Georgiev, Dr. Petar Iankov, Irina Kostadinova - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences ( - Dr. B. Ivanov, Dr. B. Nikolov, Dr. D. Nankinov, L. Profirov, P. Simeonov. Documents: Anonimus. 2001. Kachulatiat kormoran. –Dobrudzha, BSHPOB, 3, 7.; BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Delipavlov, D., Ia. Guteva, Bozh. Ivanov, S. Nonev, R. Kuneva. 1997. Predvaritelni terenni prouchvania vurhu rastitelnostta, pticite I drebnite bozajnici v rajona na Suha reka. – V: Sbornik ot nauchni dokladi “Dobrudzha I Kaliakra”, BSHPOB, Plovdiv, 72-76.; Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.; Ivanov, Bozh., S. Nonev. 1997a. Gnezdeshtite ptici v rajona na Kaliakra. – V: Sbornik ot nauchni dokladi “Dobrudzha I Kaliakra”, BSHPOB, Plovdiv, 99-107.; Ivanov, Bozh., S. Nonev. 1997b. Gnezdeshtite ptici v stepnite rajoni po krajbrezhieto mezhdu gr. Balchik I ez. Durankulak. – V: Sbornik ot nauchni dokladi “Dobrudzha I Kaliakra”, BSHPOB, Plovdiv, 108-125.; Kostadinova, I., S.Dereliev. 2001. Results the Mid-Winter Counts of Waterbirds in Bulgaria for the period 1997- 2001. BSPB Conservation Series. Book 3, BSPB, Sofia, BG; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Nikolov, Ch. 2002. Nabliudenie na sredna pustrushka (Porzana parva). – Za pticite, 1, 11.; Nikolov, Hr., S. Marin, A. Darakchiev. 1999. Malkiat kormoran v Bulgaria. Razprostranenie, chislenost I zaplahi. – Nauch. Tr. Plov. Univ., Animalia, 35, 6, 67-81.; Petkov, N. 1997a. Kachulata potapnica (Aythya fuligula). – Za pticite, 2 (esen/zima), 13.; Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Suvremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia, 15, 60-65.; ***. 1997. Land Use Plan for Structural Development of Kavarna Municipality. Final Report. Angelova, S. & co. 2002. Management Plan of Kalikara Reserve. Varna. Bulgarian- Swiss Biodiversity Conservation Programme; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB. 2005. Observation of autumn migration of soaring birds in Bulgaria in 2004 in terms of identification of bottleneck IBAs to be included in the European Ecological Network NATURA 2000; BSPB, Sofia, 14pp. BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Grimmet, R. F. A., R. T. A. Jones. 1989. Important Bird Areas in Europe. Cambridge, U.K.: ICBP (ICBP Technical Publication No9); Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report.; Ivanov, B., N. Karaivanov, S. Nonev. 1998. Breeding bird communities in the steppe habitats of Dobrudja, Bulgaria. – Acta zool. Bulg., 50, 2/3, 67-77.; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria; MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Nankinov, D., S. Dalakchieva, K. Popov, S. Kirilov. 2002. Die Geschichte der Rostflugel-Brachschwalbe Glareola pratincola in Bulgarien. – Orn. Mitt., 54, 7/8: 234-242.; Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Shurulinkov, P., B. Nikolov, R. Tsonev, I. Nikolov, A. Roguev, M. Sarov, A. Dutsov, P. Podlesniy, R. Stanchev, I. Hristov. 2003. A contribution to the occurrence of some rare and poorly-studied species of birds during the nesting season in Maritime Dobrudzha. - Annual of Sofia Unv. ”St. Kliment Ohridski,” Faculty of biology. Book 1-Zoology, 93-94, 31-39. Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

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5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]

5.3 Site designation (optional)

So far only 5% of the territory of Kaliakra is under legal protection by the national nature conservation law. On the territory of Kavarna Municipality there are two designated reserves – Kaliakra Nature Reserve in the grounds of the village of Bulgarevo and Yailata Archaeological Reserve in the grounds of the village of Sveti Nikola. The protected area Taukliman is on the northern side of cape Kaliakra. Cape Kaliakra was designated as Important Bird Area by Bird Life International in 1989. In 2005 the area in its present territory was designated again as IBA. It also contains the Kaliakra CORINE Site, designated in 1998 because of its European value for rare and threatened habitats, plant and animal species, including birds.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water -Varna
Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water
Organisation:State Game-breeding Center - Balchik
Organisation:Basin Directorate for Water Management in the Black Sea Region – Varna

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation



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