Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002054

1.3 Site name

Sredna gora

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-12
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 802/04.12.2007 (promulgated SG 107/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 802/04.12.2007 (promulgated SG 107/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 273/30.03.2012 (promulgated SG 32/2012).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.337500
Latitude:42.600833

2.2 Area [ha]

99062.3947

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG41Yugozapaden
BG42Yuzhen tsentralen
BG42Yuzhen tsentralen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (54.00 %) Continental (46.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes     
BA085Accipiter gentilis    16  16   
BA086Accipiter nisus    19  19   
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca    56   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD 
BA053Anas platyrhynchos     
BA255Anthus campestris    50  100   
BA091Aquila chrysaetos     
BA404Aquila heliaca     
BA089Aquila pomarina     
BA104Bonasa bonasia    100  200   
BA215Bubo bubo     
BA087Buteo buteo    29  29   
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA403Buteo rufinus    11  11   
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    40  50   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    300  350   
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA136Charadrius dubius          DD 
BA031Ciconia ciconia     
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA081Circus aeruginosus          DD 
BA084Circus pygargus          DD 
BA231Coracias garrulus    30  40   
BA122Crex crex    16   
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos    60  80   
BA238Dendrocopos medius    110  200   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    45  270   
BA236Dryocopus martius    90  150   
BA379Emberiza hortulana    220  980   
BA511Falco cherrug     
BA511Falco cherrug     
BA095Falco naumanni       
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA099Falco subbuteo    14   
BA099Falco subbuteo          DD 
BA096Falco tinnunculus    13  57   
BA096Falco tinnunculus          DD 
BA320Ficedula parva          DD 
BA320Ficedula parva    30  50   
BA442Ficedula semitorquata    70  90   
BA123Gallinula chloropus     
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus     
BA338Lanius collurio    2000  3000   
BA339Lanius minor    22  186   
BA246Lullula arborea    2230  2230   
BA242Melanocorypha calandra     
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster    85  85   
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA234Picus canus    68  150   
BA220Strix uralensis     
BA307Sylvia nisoria    350  450   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    2555  2555               
A218Athene noctua    35  35               
A363Carduelis chloris    2230  2230               
A347Corvus monedula    27  27               
A113Coturnix coturnix    195  195               
A377Emberiza cirlus    630  630               
A382Emberiza melanocephala    45  45               
A269Erithacus rubecula    30000  30000               
A359Fringilla coelebs    33000  33000               
A244Galerida cristata    185  185               
A251Hirundo rustica    420  420               
A233Jynx torquilla    160  160               
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    1000  1000               
A383Miliaria calandra    710  710               
A280Monticola saxatilis    15  15               
A278Oenanthe hispanica    10  10               
A214Otus scops    42  42               
A329Parus caeruleus    510  510               
A443Parus lugubris    97  97               
A235Picus viridis    270  270               
A345Pyrrhocorax graculus    26  26               
A317Regulus regulus    385  385               
A276Saxicola torquata    71  71               
A210Streptopelia turtur    510  510               
A311Sylvia atricapilla    6720  6720               
A283Turdus merula    22285  22285               
A285Turdus philomelos    11300  11300               
A282Turdus torquatus    165  165               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N061.00
N070.00
N0811.00
N0911.00
N103.00
N125.00
N153.00
N1656.00
N170.00
N198.00
N200.00
N210.00
N220.00
N232.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Sredna Gora is located to the south of the Balkan Mountain and covers the entire mountain part of the Srednogorie proper, from the Topolnitsa river valley on the west to the grounds of the villages Bogdan, Karavelovo and Kliment on the east. To the north the site touches on the southern slopes of the Balkan Mountain and the Pirdop plain. Its southern border passes beyond Panagjurishte, Strelcha, Starosel and Mutenitsa. The mountain tops are wide and flat, with the peaks of Bratia (1519 m), Bunaya (1572 m) and Bogdan (1604 m) jutting up. Its northern slopes are steeper and less indented than the southern, which have stair-like appearance. It is divided in two by the Koprivshtitsa valley extension, where the Topolnitsa and Strelchanska Luda Yana rivers originate. Forests cover about 65% of the site’s territory. The broadleaved ones prevail. In the higher northern parts these are old beech Fagus sylvatica forest and in the lower, southern ones – coppice oak. The coniferous plantations are mainly of Austrian Pine Pinus nigra. The open grasslands, pastures and shrub associations also occupy a big share of the territory. Farmland covers about 10% of its total area.

4.2 Quality and importance

Sredna Gora is representative complex of mosaic habitats, which are transitional between the high mountains (Central Balkan) and the lowlands (Thracian Plain), which determine very diverse ornithofauna. It supports 144 bird species, 24 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 56 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 3 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 20 in SPEC 2 and 33 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 40 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 35 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. The globally threatened Imperial Eagle /Aquila heliaca/ breeds in Sredna Gora, and the Lesser Kestrel /Falco naumanni/ bred in the area several years ago. The region was one of the breeding grounds for the Saker Falcon Falco cherrug. Sredna gora is one of the two places where Ural Owl Strix uralensis breeds in Bulgaria. It is among the most valuable areas in the country on the level of EU statistical regions for this species, as well as for the Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina, Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia, Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, European Roller Coracias garrulus, White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos, Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana, Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor, Woodlark Lullula arborea and the Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva. The other threatened species, listed in Annex I of the Bird Directive, which breed in the region also have representative populations. It supports considerable breeding populations on European scale of the European Robin Erithacus rubecula, the Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs, the Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla, the European Green Woodpecker Picus viridis, Song Thrush Turdus philomelos, the Common Blackbird Turdus merula.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01o
HA01i
LA02o
LA02i
HA03i
HA03o
LA04o
MA04.03i
MA04.03o
MA05.01o
MA05.01i
MA05.02i
MA05.02o
LA07i
LA07o
HA08o
MA08i
MA09i
HA09o
LA10i
MA10o
HBi
HBo
HB01i
HB01o
HB01.02o
HB01.02i
LB02.01o
MB02.01i
HB02.02i
HB02.02o
MB02.03i
LB02.03o
MB02.04i
MB02.04o
LC01.01.01o
LC01.01.01i
MC01.04.01i
MC01.04.01o
LD01.01o
MD01.01i
MD01.02o
LD01.02i
MD02.01o
LD02.01i
ME01i
ME01o
LE01.03i
ME01.03o
ME03.01i
ME03.01o
ME03.02i
LE03.02o
ME03.03i
LE03.03o
LE04.01i
LE04.01o
LF02.03o
LF02.03i
MF03.01i
MF03.01o
LF03.02.01o
MF03.02.01i
LF03.02.02o
HF03.02.02i
HF03.02.03i
HF03.02.03o
HF04i
LF04o
MG01.02o
MG01.02i
MG01.03o
LG01.03i
MG01.04i
LG01.04o
LG01.05o
MG01.05i
MG02i
MG02.04i
LG02.04o
LG04.01o
MG04.01i
LH04o
LH04i
MH05o
LH05i
LH06.01o
LH06.01i
HJ01i
HJ01o
MK01.01i
LK01.01o
LK02.04i
HL07i
LL08i
LL08o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA02o
MA04i
LA04o
MA05.01i
MA05.01o
MA05.02i
MA05.02o
MA08i
HA08o
MA09i
HA09o
MA10o
LB02.01o
MB02.01i
LB02.03o
MB02.03i
LD01.01o
MD02.01o
ME01o
ME01i
ME01.03o
LE01.03i
ME03.01o
LE03.02o
LE03.03o
LE04.01o
LE04.01i
LF02.03o
LF02.03i
MF03.01o
MF03.01i
LF03.02.01o
LF03.02.02o
LF04o
MG01.02o
MG01.02i
MG01.03o
LG01.04o
LG01.05o
MG02i
MG02.04i
LG02.04o
LG04.01o
LH04o
LH04i
LH06.01i
LH06.01o
LK01.01o
LK02.04i
LL08o
LL08i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dr. Tzeno Petrov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP, 2000. Finalen otchet na proekt “Kartirane gnezdovite nahodishta na carskia orel (Aquila heliaca) I merki za tiahnoto opazvane. 1998-2000, Plovdiv, BDZP, 89 s.; BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.; Michev, T., C. Petrov, L. Profirov, P. Iankov, S. Gavrailov. 1989. Razprostranenie I prirodozashtiten status na skalnia orel Aquila chrysaetos chrysaetos (L.), 1758 v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, 15, 79-87.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Nikolov, B., I. Hristov, P. Shurulinkov, I. Nikolov, A. Rogev, A. Ducov, R. Stanchev. 2001. Novi danni za niakoi slabo izucheni vidove gorski sovi (Strix uralensis, Glaucidium passerinum, Aegolius funereus) v Bulgaria. - Nauka za gorata, Kn. 1/2, 75-86.; Petrov, .C 1997b. Beliat shturkel (Ciconia ciconia) v Bulgaria. Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kniga 2, BDZP, Plovdiv.; Petrov, C., P.Iankov, T. Michev, B. Milchev, L. Profirov. 1991. Razprostranenie, chislenost I merki za opazvane na chernia shturkel, Ciconia nigra (L.) v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, T. 17, 25-32.; Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Suvremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia, 15, 60-65.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P., Tz. Petrov, T. Michev, L. Profirov. 1994. Past and present Status of the Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni in Bulgaria. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R.D. Chancellor eds. 1994. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 133-137.; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia; Kouzmanov, G. 1996. L`Aigle pomarin Aquila pomarina en Bulgarie. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R. D. Chancellor eds. Eagle Studies. World Working Group on Birds of Prey (WWGBP), Berlin, London & Paris, 319-326.; Kouzmanov, G., G. Stoyanov, R. Todorov. 1996. Sur la Biologie et la Protection de l’Aigle royal Aquila chrysaetos en Bulgarie. - In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R.D. Chancellor eds. 1994. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 505-515.; Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002054&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0098.66
BG030.33
BG040.10
BG060.91

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG06KONSKOTO DERE+0.00
BG06BARIKADITE+0.10
BG03BRATIYA+0.00
BG06SREDNATA POLYANA+0.02
BG06VENETSA+0.10
BG06MANZUL+0.04
BG04BOGDAN+0.10
BG06OBORISHTE+0.00
BG06SREDNOGORETS+0.02
BG03SMILOVENE+0.00
BG06DABITE-KONSKA POLYANA+0.30
BG06BICH+0.00
BG06HAYDUSHKI KLADENETS+0.01
BG03ROCK FORMATIONS - GABROVITSA+0.04
BG03TURCHANOV KAMAK+0.02
BG03ROCK FORMATIONS - ARABUSHKA POLYANA+0.04
BG06SIVATA GRAMADA+0.02
BG06VRAN KAMAK+0.10
BG03GARVANOV KAMAK+0.02
BG03SAKARDZHA+0.01
BG03DONKINA GORA+0.02
BG03GORANITSA+0.05
BG03GEREKINSKI DOL+0.03
BG06DUSHKOV PCHELIN+0.00
IN06IBA=100.00
BG06CHIVIRA+0.00
BG06VARLISHTNITSA+0.20
BG03KISELITSATA+0.10

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Only about 2% of territory of Sredna Gora is under legal protection according to the national nature conservation legislation. Fifteen protected areas and 11 natural monuments are designated mainly to protect the landscapes. Only one of them was designated to protect the the Saker Falcon. The only maintained reserve in the region – “Bogdan” was designated in 1972 to protect the old beech forest. About 22% of the site is covered by the “Sredna Gora” CORINE Site, which was designated in 1998 because of its European value for rare and threatened habitats, plant and animal species, including birds. In 2005 it was designated also as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorates of Environment and Water-Pazardzhik,Plovdiv,Sofia; East-Aegean River Basin Directorate;State Game-breeding Center "Aramliets";Forestry Departments- Karlovo, Klisura, Koprivstitsa, Panagyuriste, Pirdop, Rozino, Hisar;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY