Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002059

1.3 Site name

Kamenski bair

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 750/24.10.2008 (promulgated SG 97/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.392778
Latitude:42.616389

2.2 Area [ha]

1651.6461

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG34Yugoiztochen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them


No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes     
BA086Accipiter nisus          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA404Aquila heliaca    13   
BA404Aquila heliaca     
BA089Aquila pomarina    10  30   
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus     
BA087Buteo buteo    10  15   
BA087Buteo buteo    60  60   
BA403Buteo rufinus     
BA403Buteo rufinus     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    20  30   
BA080Circaetus gallicus    10   
BA081Circus aeruginosus    40  80   
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD 
BA082Circus cyaneus     
BA083Circus macrourus       
BA084Circus pygargus    10  20   
BA231Coracias garrulus    10   
BA231Coracias garrulus          DD 
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    10   
BA379Emberiza hortulana    45  45   
BA511Falco cherrug     
BA098Falco columbarius     
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA099Falco subbuteo          DD 
BA099Falco subbuteo     
BA096Falco tinnunculus     
BA096Falco tinnunculus          DD 
BA097Falco vespertinus    10  10   
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus     
BA439Hippolais olivetorum     
BA338Lanius collurio    100  150   
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA339Lanius minor    15   
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster    30  30   
BA073Milvus migrans    10  10   
BA073Milvus migrans     
BA077Neophron percnopterus     
BA094Pandion haliaetus     
BA072Pernis apivorus    10  10   
BA307Sylvia nisoria    17  17   
BA142Vanellus vanellus     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    150  150             
A218Athene noctua               
A366Carduelis cannabina    30  30             
A363Carduelis chloris    75  75             
A113Coturnix coturnix    30  30             
A377Emberiza cirlus    15  15             
A359Fringilla coelebs    30  30             
A244Galerida cristata    150  150             
A233Jynx torquilla               
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    15  15             
A383Miliaria calandra    200  200             
A214Otus scops               
A235Picus viridis               
A210Streptopelia turtur               
A311Sylvia atricapilla               
A283Turdus merula    75  75             
A285Turdus philomelos               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.00
N080.00
N0940.00
N1246.00
N153.00
N217.00
N221.00
N233.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Kamenski Bair is located in southern Bulgaria, south-west of the town of Sliven, in the grounds of the village bearing the same name. Its territory is locked between the Sofia – Burgas road on the north, the Sliven - Burgas railway on the north-east and east, the Sliven – Yambol road on the west and the village of Kamen on the south. The riverbed of the Tundzha is located to the south of the area, while its tributary, the Arka river, passes through it. Kamenski Bair is a low treeless hill. The main habitat are the open areas of farmland (arable and abandoned), pastures and shrub associations.

4.2 Quality and importance

In spite its small territory Kamenski Bair supports 142 bird species, 33 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 61 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 4 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 17 in SPEC 2 and 40 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 40 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 33 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. Kamenski Bair is of global importance as one of the most valuable territories in the country, used as a hunting ground by the globally threatened Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca. This small territory provide food for significant numbers of Imperial Eagles, as well as other threatened birds of prey as the Black Kite Milvus migrans and the Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus during the breeding season, as well as for the Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus, the Marsh Harrier Circus areuginosus, the Montagu`s Harrier Circus pygargus, the Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina and the Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus on migration. The area is one of the most important breeding grounds in the country on European Union scale for the Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla, as the species is represented with very dense population there. The Roller Coracias garrulous and the Stone Curlew Burchinus oedicnemus also have representative breeding populations there.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA01o
MA02i
MA02o
MA03o
MA03i
MA04o
HA04.03i
LA04.03o
MA07i
HA07o
MA08i
HA08o
LA09i
HA09o
MA10o
MA10i
MA10.01o
MA10.01i
MD01.02i
LD01.04i
MD02.01i
LF03.02.03o
LF03.02.03i
MG04.01i
LHi
MJ01i
LJ02.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
LA04i
MA04o
LA04.03o
LA05.01i
LA05.02i
HA08o
LA09i
HA09o
MA10o
MA10.01o
LD01.04i
LJ02.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Girgina Daskalova, Ivailo Angelov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org .Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg).Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite;Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.);Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp.Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.;BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished);Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.);Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.);Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, SofiaOsieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99;Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002059&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
BG00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IBA=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Kamenski Bair does not have legal protection under national nature conservation legislation. In 2005 it was designated also as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Stara Zagora
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY