Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002069

1.3 Site name

Ribarnitsi Zvanichevo

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 803/04.11.2008 (promulgated SG 106/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.261111
Latitude:42.208611

2.2 Area [ha]

1570.5461

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG42Yuzhen tsentralen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them


No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos     
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA052Anas crecca      12   
BA050Anas penelope     
BA050Anas penelope      12   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    10   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos      156   
BA055Anas querquedula    10   
BA041Anser albifrons      30   
BA043Anser anser       
BA028Ardea cinerea    17  108   
BA028Ardea cinerea      12   
BA028Ardea cinerea     
BA024Ardeola ralloides     
BA059Aythya ferina      16   
BA061Aythya fuligula      60   
BA060Aythya nyroca     
BA060Aythya nyroca    12   
BA021Botaurus stellaris       
BA067Bucephala clangula      11   
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA196Chlidonias hybridus    10  15   
BA031Ciconia ciconia    33  33   
BA030Ciconia nigra    16   
BA081Circus aeruginosus     
BA081Circus aeruginosus     
BA082Circus cyaneus     
BA084Circus pygargus       
BA038Cygnus cygnus     
BA036Cygnus olor       
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus     
BA027Egretta alba    241   
BA027Egretta alba     
BA026Egretta garzetta    12  12   
BA098Falco columbarius     
BA096Falco tinnunculus     
BA096Falco tinnunculus     
BA125Fulica atra       
BA125Fulica atra    10  20   
BA125Fulica atra    19  88   
BA153Gallinago gallinago    52   
BA153Gallinago gallinago     
BA123Gallinula chloropus    10  15   
BA127Grus grus       
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla       
BA131Himantopus himantopus     
BA022Ixobrychus minutus     
BA022Ixobrychus minutus     
BA459Larus cachinnans    12  19   
BA179Larus ridibundus      77   
BA179Larus ridibundus     
BA156Limosa limosa      34   
BA156Limosa limosa     
BA068Mergus albellus      51   
BA070Mergus merganser      11   
BA230Merops apiaster          DD       
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    23  23   
BA020Pelecanus crispus     
BA020Pelecanus crispus      23   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    89  89   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    129   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus      11   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    84   
BA151Philomachus pugnax    14  40   
BA151Philomachus pugnax      70   
BA005Podiceps cristatus    10   
BA005Podiceps cristatus    24   
BA006Podiceps grisegena     
BA118Rallus aquaticus     
BA118Rallus aquaticus          DD 
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis     
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    16  36   
BA161Tringa erythropus     
BA165Tringa ochropus    20   
BA162Tringa totanus    103  103   
BA162Tringa totanus    103  103   
BA142Vanellus vanellus    18   
BA142Vanellus vanellus    28  190   
BA142Vanellus vanellus     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A235Picus viridis               
A284Turdus pilaris    29  29             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0640.00
N071.00
N081.00
N092.00
N100.00
N1227.00
N1316.00
N154.00
N161.00
N211.00
N220.00
N237.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Zvanichevo Fishponds are located to the west of Pazardzhik, in the region between the rivers of Maritsa and Topolnitsa, in the grounds of the villages of Boshulya, Velichkovo, Yunatsite, Dragor, Mokrishte, Zvanichevo and Kovachevo. It is a complex of extensive used fishponds and small basins located on the two sides of the Maritsa River. The area includes also the wet meadows and farmlands between the Maritsa and the Topolnitsa, the two riverbeds and the place where the Topolnitsa River joins the Maritsa River. The different basins of the fishponds are between 36% and 65% overgrown with water fringe vegetation, mainly Phragmites australis, Scirpus lacustris, Scirpus triqueter and Bolbochoenus maritimus. The open water surface is partly covered by Trapa natans, Hydrocharis morsus-ranae, Salvinia natans, Ceratphyllum demersum, Potamogeton spp., etc. The Maritsa River banks are overgrown of riverine forest of willow (Salix alba, Salix fragilis), poplar (Populus nigra, Populus alba) and Black Alder Alnus glutinosa.

4.2 Quality and importance

Zvanichevo Fishponds supports 96 bird species, 24 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 34 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 3 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 10 in SPEC 2 and 21 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 27 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 22 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. Zvanichevo fishponds are the only place in the Tracian Plain where the Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus breeds. It is one of the most important sites in the country on European Union scale for the conservation of this species, as well as for the Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca, which breed there in considerable numbers. The complex has a great value during migration and in winter for a big number of waterfowl species. It is of global importance for the Great White Egret Egretta alba that forms there congregations bigger than 1% of its biogeographical population. The globally threatened Pygmy cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus regularly use the area as feeding ground during the winter. The Crane Grus grus is observed there during migration.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
LA02o
MA03o
MA03i
LA04o
LA04i
MA05.01o
MA07o
MA08o
MA09o
MA10o
MA10.01o
HA10.01i
HB01.02o
HB01.02i
LB02.04i
MB02.04o
HC01.01i
HC01.01o
LD01.01o
LD01.01i
MD01.02o
MD01.02i
MD01.04o
MD01.05o
LD02.01i
LD02.01o
MD02.02o
LD05i
MD05o
ME01o
LE01i
LE01.03o
LE01.03i
LE03.01o
LE03.01i
LE03.02o
ME03.03o
LE04.01i
ME04.01o
HF02.01.02i
MF02.03o
MF02.03i
MF03.01o
HF03.02.03o
HF03.02.03i
HG05o
HG05i
LH04i
LH04o
LH05i
LH05o
HJ01i
HJ01o
HJ02i
MJ02.01.01o
LJ02.01.01i
HJ02.02i
MJ02.02o
MJ02.03o
MK01.01o
LK01.01i
MK02.02o
LK03.06i
MLo
ML08o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
HA01o
LA02o
LA04o
MA05.01o
MA09o
MA10o
LB01i
LB01o
LB02.04i
HC01.01o
LD01.01o
MD01.02o
MD01.04o
MD01.05o
MD02.02o
LD05i
MD05o
LE01.03o
LE01.03i
LE03.02o
ME03.03o
ME04.01o
LE04.01i
HF01i
MF02.03o
LH04i
LH04o
LH05o
LH05i
LJ02.01.01i
MJ02.01.01o
MJ02.02o
MJ02.03o
MK01.01o
LK01.01i
MK02.02o
MLo
ML08o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dimitar Plachiiski, Dr. Nikolai Petkov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org .Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg).Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite;Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.);Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.;Nikolov, Hr., S. Marin, A. Darakchiev. 1999. Malkiat kormoran v Bulgaria. Razprostranenie, chislenost I zaplahi. – Nauch. Tr. Plov. Univ., Animalia, 35, 6, 67-81.;Petkov, N. 1997b. Suvremenno sustoianie na belookata potapnica (Aythya nyroca) v Bulgaria. Diplomna rabota, Biologicheski Fakultet pri SU “Sv. Kl. Ohridski”, Sofia, 104 s.;BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp.Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.;BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished);Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.);Kostadinova, I., S.Dereliev. 2001. Results the Mid-Winter Counts of Waterbirds in Bulgaria for the period 1997- 2001. BSPB Conservation Series. Book 3, BSPB, Sofia, BG;Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.);Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, SofiaIankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report.;Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99;Petkov, N. 1998a. Current Status of the Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) in Bulgaria. – Partimadar, 6-7, MME, Budapest, 44–49.Petkov, N., 2004. Comparative Ecological Research of the Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca Guldenstaedt, 1979) and the Pochard (Aythya ferina ferina Linnaeus, 1758) During the Breeding Season in Bulgaria. PHD Thesis. BAS, Sofia, 232 pp. (In Bulgarian.)Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002069&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
BG00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IBA=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Zvanichevo fishponds do not have legal protection status according to the Bulgarian nature conservation legislation. In 2005 it was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Pazardzhik; East-Aegean River Basin Directorate;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY