Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd.

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 751/24.10.2008 (promulgated SG 97/2008).


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes     
BA085Accipiter gentilis     
BA086Accipiter nisus     
BA223Aegolius funereus    22  22   
BA223Aegolius funereus    10  12   
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca    15  20   
BA255Anthus campestris     
BA091Aquila chrysaetos     
BA089Aquila pomarina     
BA104Bonasa bonasia    20  30   
BA215Bubo bubo     
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA403Buteo rufinus     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    15  20   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    35  50   
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA231Coracias garrulus     
BA122Crex crex     
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos     
BA238Dendrocopos medius    20   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    30  65   
BA236Dryocopus martius    14  18   
BA379Emberiza hortulana    12  40   
BA511Falco cherrug     
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA099Falco subbuteo     
BA099Falco subbuteo          DD 
BA096Falco tinnunculus     
BA442Ficedula semitorquata     
BA217Glaucidium passerinum     
BA078Gyps fulvus     
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus     
BA338Lanius collurio    120  170   
BA339Lanius minor    10   
BA433Lanius nubicus     
BA246Lullula arborea    120  550   
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    75   
BA230Merops apiaster    22  22   
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA073Milvus migrans     
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA241Picoides tridactylus     
BA234Picus canus    10  14   
BA307Sylvia nisoria    30  60     
BA108Tetrao urogallus    15  25  males     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    100  100             
A218Athene noctua    12  12             
A366Carduelis cannabina    125  125             
A363Carduelis chloris    120  120             
A347Corvus monedula               
A113Coturnix coturnix               
A377Emberiza cirlus    175  175             
A382Emberiza melanocephala    40  40             
A269Erithacus rubecula    170  170             
A359Fringilla coelebs    525  525             
A244Galerida cristata    45  45             
A251Hirundo rustica    125  125             
A233Jynx torquilla    21  21             
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    185  185             
A383Miliaria calandra    250  250             
A280Monticola saxatilis               
A278Oenanthe hispanica               
A214Otus scops    20  20             
A329Parus caeruleus    100  100             
A443Parus lugubris    60  60             
A235Picus viridis    35  35             
A345Pyrrhocorax graculus    15  15             
A317Regulus regulus    185  185             
A276Saxicola torquata    29  29             
A210Streptopelia turtur    90  90             
A311Sylvia atricapilla    330  330             
A304Sylvia cantillans    60  60             
A333Tichodroma muraria               
A283Turdus merula    450  450             
A285Turdus philomelos    325  325             
A282Turdus torquatus    90  90             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Slavyanka is located in south-western Bulgaria, to the south of the Pirin Mountain. The site limits follow the orographic limits of the Slavyanka Mountain, but the area also includes a part of the southern Pirin to the north of the Goleshevska river and some of the western slopes of the Sturgach Mountain. To the north the site’s border passes south of the villages Sadovo, Teshovo and Goleshovo, to the east it coincides with the road from Sadovo to the border check point of Ilinden and to the west it reaches the village of Petrovo. The state border with Greece limits the site to the south. The highest pik of the mountain is Gotsev Vrah (2242 m.). Slavyanka Mountain is built of proterozoic metamorphous limestones and marbles, which is the reason for the karst mountain terrain. Because of the karst, it is poor in surface flowing waters, but in its foot there are numerous karst springs. This geological peculiarity of the mountain, its geographic location and climate create conditions for the development of specific nature with both mountain and Mediterranean elements. Almost all phyto-geographic belts can be distinguished in the Slavyanka that are typical for Bulgaria. In the footpills of the mountain the xerothermal oak bealt is represented mainly by secondary forests, as well as Carpinus orientalis shrubs. In the higher parts there are forests of Fagus moesiaca and Ostrya carpinifolia, as wll as large forests of Pinus nigra. There are also communities of Abies borisii-regis. Forests of Bosnian Pine Pinus heldreichii, which are typical for the limestone mountains in Southern and Western Balkan Peninsula, predominate in the coniferous belt. The number of Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean species of the invertebrate and vertebrate fauna is also great.

4.2 Quality and importance

Because the diversity of habitats the region of Slavyanka is characterized by diversity of birds species including those typical for high mountains and lowland habitats with Mediterranean influence. It supports 134 bird species, 53 of which are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004). One of them, the Corncrake Crex crex, which occurs in the low parts of the mountain, is listed in category SPEC 1 (globally threatened species), 19 species are listed in SPEC 2 and 33 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. Twenty-one of the bird species, which occur there, are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). The area provides suitable habitats for 41 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 33 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. Slavyanka is one of the most important sites in the country for the Calandra Lark Melanocorhypha calandra), the Tengmalm`s Owl Aegolius funereus and the Capercaillie /Tetrao urogallus/, which breed there in considerable numbers. The Pygmy Owl Glaucidium passerinum and the Woodlark Lullula arborea occur in the region with representative breeding populations. The globally threatened Corncrake Crex crex also breeds there in small numbers.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Georgi Stoyanov - Birds of Prey Protection Society, 1000 Sofia, 40 V. Levski blvd, tel: 963 40 37; Jeko Spiridonov - Wilderness fund, (+359 2) 988 0914, 983 92 94; CEIE, 1303 Sofia, 17A "S. Vratchanski" Str., (+3592)9808497.Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences ( BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite;Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.);Michev, T., C. Petrov, L. Profirov, P. Iankov, S. Gavrailov. 1989. Razprostranenie I prirodozashtiten status na skalnia orel Aquila chrisaetos chrisaetos (L.), 1758 v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, 15, 79-87.;MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.);Nikolov, B., I. Hristov, P. Shurulinkov, I. Nikolov, A. Rogev, A. Ducov, R. Stanchev. 2001. Novi danni za niakoi slabo izucheni vidove gorski sovi (Strix uralensis, Glaucidium passerinum, Aegolius funereus) v Bulgaria. - Nauka za gorata, Kn. 1/2, 75-86.;Simeonov, S. 1986. Materiali vurhu razprostranenieto I gnezdovata biologia na chervenogushoto koprivarche (Sylvia cantillans (Pallas) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia. 19, 57-61.;Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Suvremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia, 15, 60-65.;Vatev, I., P. Simeonov, T. Michev, B. Ivanov.1980. Belochelata svrachka (Lanius nubicus Lichtenstein) – gnezdiasht vid v Bulgaria. – Acta zoologica Bulgarica, 15, 115-118.;BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp.Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.;BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished);Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.);Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.;Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.);Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, SofiaKouzmanov, G. 1996. L`Aigle pomarin Aquila pomarina en Bulgarie. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R. D. Chancellor eds. Eagle Studies. World Working Group on Birds of Prey (WWGBP), Berlin, London & Paris, 319-326.; Kouzmanov, G., G. Stoyanov, R. Todorov. 1996. Sur la Biologie et la Protection de l’Aigle royal Aquila chrysaetos en Bulgarie. - In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R.D. Chancellor eds. 1994. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 505-515.;MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.);Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99;Simeonov, S. 1970. Uber die Verbreitung mediterraner Vogelarten in Bulgarien. – Die Vogelwelt., 91, 2, 59-67. Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The “Ali botush” Reserve was designated in 1951 for protection of forest ecosystems and recognized under UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme as biosphere reserve in 1977. The “Pavlyova padina” protected area was designated in 2003 for protection of typical plant communities with presence of Mediterranean and Sub-mediterranean rare and threatened plant species. They both are the only territories with legal protection by the national nature conservation law and cover 8.7% of the site. In 1998 One CORINE Site with the same name, is designated because of its European value for rare and threatened habitats, plant and animal species, including birds. It covers 73% of Slavyanka. In 2005 the site was designated also as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Blagoevgrad; Forestry Departments - Gotse Delchev, Katuntsi;

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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