Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002088

1.3 Site name

Mikre

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 752/24.10.2008 (promulgated SG 97/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.663611
Latitude:43.017500

2.2 Area [ha]

12383.1859

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG31Severozapaden

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them


No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA085Accipiter gentilis     
BA086Accipiter nisus     
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA089Aquila pomarina          DD 
BA215Bubo bubo     
BA087Buteo buteo    14  27   
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    40  60   
BA136Charadrius dubius          DD 
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA031Ciconia ciconia     
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA122Crex crex    35  60   
BA238Dendrocopos medius    10  15   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    20  200   
BA236Dryocopus martius    20  35   
BA027Egretta alba          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
BA379Emberiza hortulana    30  130   
BA099Falco subbuteo     
BA099Falco subbuteo          DD 
BA096Falco tinnunculus     
BA338Lanius collurio    250  300   
BA246Lullula arborea    30  50   
BA230Merops apiaster    10  10   
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    10  10   
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA072Pernis apivorus    10  10   
BA234Picus canus    25  40   
BA142Vanellus vanellus     
BA142Vanellus vanellus          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    550  550             
A218Athene noctua    10  10             
A363Carduelis chloris    110  110             
A113Coturnix coturnix    55  55             
A269Erithacus rubecula    550  550             
A359Fringilla coelebs    1550  1550             
A244Galerida cristata    55  55             
A251Hirundo rustica    550  550             
A233Jynx torquilla               
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    1100  1100             
A383Miliaria calandra    550  550             
A329Parus caeruleus    55  55             
A443Parus lugubris    55  55             
A235Picus viridis    55  55             
A276Saxicola torquata               
A210Streptopelia turtur    110  110             
A311Sylvia atricapilla    550  550             
A283Turdus merula    1100  1100             
A285Turdus philomelos    600  600             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.00
N086.00
N0914.00
N1017.00
N122.00
N153.00
N1645.00
N172.00
N197.00
N200.00
N213.00
N220.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Mikre Meadows are located in northern Bulgaria, to the south of the town of Lovech. It covers the Mikre heights south of the main road E772 between Sopot reservoir and the village of Stefanovo. A big share of the site’s territory is occupied by forests – mainly broadleaved forest of Quercus cerris and more rarely – mixed forests of Q. cerris with Carpinus orientalis and Fraxinus ornus. The preserved spots of old beech Fagus sylvatica subs. moesiaca and oak Quercus dalechampii woodland in the site’s eastern part deserve special attention. Open areas – pastures, shrubs and grasslands – cover 13 of the site’s total territory. They are predominantly overgrown with xerothermal and mesoxerothermal grass vegetation dominated by Festuca valesiaca, Chrysopogon gryllus, Agrostis capillaris, etc. or xerothermal communities with Dichantium ischaemum, Poa bulbosa and Chrysopogon grillus.

4.2 Quality and importance

Mikre supports 83 bird species, 11 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 32 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 1 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 10 in SPEC 2 and 21 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 20 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 19 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. With its complex of natural wet meadows Mikre is one of the sites with most numerous population of the globally threatened Corncrake Crex crex in Bulgaria. It is one of the most valuable sites on a European Union scale for the breeding of this species and the Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus. The area holds representative populations of Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus, Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius, Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus and Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA03i
MA03o
MA04.03i
MA10i
MBi
MBo
LB01.02i
LB01.02o
MB02.02i
MB02.02o
MB02.04i
MB02.04o
MD02.01i
MD02.01o
MF03.01i
MF03.01o
LJ02.05.02o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dr. V. Delov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org ; Dr. P. Shurulinkov, Dr. Ts. Zlatanov - Institute of Zoology, BAS, 1 "Tzar Osvoboditel" blvd., 1000 Sofia, Dr. R. Tzonev - Faculty of Biology, Sofia University, 1164 Sofia, 8 Dr. Tsankov Blvd.Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg).Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite;Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.);Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.;MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.);Petrov, .C 1997b. Beliat shturkel (Ciconia ciconia) v Bulgaria. Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kniga 2, BDZP, Plovdiv.;Petrov, C., P.Iankov, T. Michev, B. Milchev, L. Profirov. 1991. Razprostranenie, chislenost I merki za opazvane na chernia shturkel, Ciconia nigra (L.) v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, T. 17, 25-32.;Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Suvremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia, 15, 60-65.;***. 2005. District Development Strategy of Lovech District 2005 – 2015. Lovech. 94pp. (In Bulgarian);BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp.Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.;BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished);Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.);Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.);Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, SofiaMichev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in BulgariaMOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.);Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99;Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002088&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
BG0099.90
BG060.10

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IBA=100.00
BG06KORLUK+0.04
BG06PETKO BUNAR+0.04
BG06MIKRENSKA USOYNA+0.02

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Only 0.1% of Mikre is under protection according to the national nature conservation legislation. The “Korluk”, “Petko bunar” and “Mikrenska usoyna” Protected Areas are designated for protection of the typical landscape in the region. About 24% of the site’s territory overlaps with “Mikre” CORINE Site appointed in 1998 because of its European value for rare and threatened habitats. In 2005 it was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Pleven; Forestry Departments - Borima, Lovech, Troyan;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY