Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002094

1.3 Site name

Adata - Tundzha

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 556/05.09.2008 (promulgated SG 84/2008), amended by Order No. RD – 85/28.01.2013 (promulgated SG 10/2013).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.410000
Latitude:42.575000

2.2 Area [ha]

5636.6093

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG34Yugoiztochen
BG34Yugoiztochen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes     
BA085Accipiter gentilis     
BA086Accipiter nisus           
BA168Actitis hypoleucos     
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis    10  22   
BA052Anas crecca          DD 
BA052Anas crecca      16   
BA050Anas penelope          DD 
BA050Anas penelope      10   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    50  50   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD 
BA053Anas platyrhynchos      50   
BA041Anser albifrons      450   
BA043Anser anser       
BA255Anthus campestris    20  40   
BA404Aquila heliaca     
BA404Aquila heliaca     
BA089Aquila pomarina     
BA089Aquila pomarina          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea      29   
BA024Ardeola ralloides          DD 
BA024Ardeola ralloides       
BA021Botaurus stellaris     
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus     
BA087Buteo buteo          DD       
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo      40         
BA403Buteo rufinus      10   
BA403Buteo rufinus     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus     
BA136Charadrius dubius          DD 
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA031Ciconia ciconia          DD 
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA030Ciconia nigra          DD 
BA081Circus aeruginosus    50  60   
BA081Circus aeruginosus     
BA082Circus cyaneus      30   
BA082Circus cyaneus    80  120   
BA083Circus macrourus          DD 
BA084Circus pygargus          DD 
BA084Circus pygargus     
BA231Coracias garrulus    10  38   
BA038Cygnus cygnus       
BA036Cygnus olor      28   
BA036Cygnus olor          DD 
BA238Dendrocopos medius    12  20   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    30  40   
BA236Dryocopus martius     
BA027Egretta alba      29   
BA098Falco columbarius          DD 
BA098Falco columbarius       
BA103Falco peregrinus          DD 
BA099Falco subbuteo          DD 
BA099Falco subbuteo     
BA096Falco tinnunculus     
BA097Falco vespertinus     
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD 
BA125Fulica atra    10   
BA125Fulica atra      47   
BA125Fulica atra          DD 
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD 
BA153Gallinago gallinago      30   
BA123Gallinula chloropus    40  60   
BA123Gallinula chloropus          DD 
BA123Gallinula chloropus      150   
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus     
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus          DD 
BA439Hippolais olivetorum     
BA022Ixobrychus minutus    20   
BA338Lanius collurio    30  40   
BA339Lanius minor    15   
BA459Larus cachinnans    20         
BA179Larus ridibundus       
BA246Lullula arborea    10  20   
BA152Lymnocryptes minimus          DD 
BA068Mergus albellus       
BA068Mergus albellus          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster    190  190   
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA073Milvus migrans     
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax       
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax       
BA094Pandion haliaetus          DD 
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo          DD 
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    140  1327   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus          DD 
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus       
BA234Picus canus     
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD 
BA005Podiceps cristatus       
BA249Riparia riparia    73  73         
BA307Sylvia nisoria    13   
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis          DD 
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis      61   
BA048Tadorna tadorna       
BA166Tringa glareola    10  30   
BA166Tringa glareola       
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus    10  20   
BA165Tringa ochropus       
BA163Tringa stagnatilis       
BA163Tringa stagnatilis     
BA142Vanellus vanellus          DD 
BA142Vanellus vanellus       
BA142Vanellus vanellus    12  14   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    75  75               
A218Athene noctua                 
A366Carduelis cannabina    13  13               
A363Carduelis chloris    17  17               
A113Coturnix coturnix    27  27               
A377Emberiza cirlus                 
A382Emberiza melanocephala    13  13               
A269Erithacus rubecula    125  125               
A359Fringilla coelebs    175  175               
A244Galerida cristata    125  125               
A251Hirundo rustica    175  175               
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    250  250               
A383Miliaria calandra    55  55               
A278Oenanthe hispanica                 
A214Otus scops                 
A329Parus caeruleus    45  45               
A443Parus lugubris                 
A235Picus viridis                 
A210Streptopelia turtur    60  60               
A311Sylvia atricapilla    25  25               
A283Turdus merula    60  60               
A285Turdus philomelos    17  17               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N067.00
N070.00
N081.00
N099.00
N100.00
N1263.00
N1510.00
N163.00
N200.00
N214.00
N220.00
N233.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Adata-Tundzha is located in southern Bulgaria, south of the town of Sliven. It covers the Tundzha River course between Rechitsa residential area and the villages of Mechkarevo, Samuilovo, Panaretovtsi, Gergevets, Glufshievo, Zhelyo Voyvoda and Zavoy. It is a complex of agricultural plots, meadows with meso-xerothermal grass vegetation interspersed with shrubs, pastures and open grasslands, located on the Tundzha river terraces. The site includes the Tundzha riverbed itself with its clay and sandy banks, as well as the riverine grass, shrub and tree vegetation.

4.2 Quality and importance

Adata-Tundzha supports 160 bird species, 36 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 68 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 4 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 19 in SPEC 2 and 45 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 46 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 40 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. The area is of global importance during the winter as roosting site for the Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus and as staging ground for the Great Egret Egretta alba. The area is regularly used during the winter by the Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca, which is also threatened on global scale. Adata-Tundzha is one of the most important site in the country on a European Union scale for the the conservation of Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris, Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris and Montagu`s Harrier Circus pygargus. The site holds significant breeding population on European scale of the Bee-eater Merops apiaster. Other species threatened on European Union territory and Eorope as a whole also have representative breeding populations there – the Little Bittern /Ixobrychus minutus/, the Kingfisher /Alcedo atthis/, the Roller /Coracias garrulus/, the Olive-Three Warbler /Hippolais olivetorum/, etc.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA01i
MA02i
HA03i
MA03o
MA04.03o
MA04.03i
HA07i
HA08i
LA08o
MA10o
MA10i
MA10.01o
HA10.01i
LB01i
LB01.02i
LB02.01i
LB02.02i
MB02.03i
HB02.04i
MB03i
LC01.01i
LD01.02i
LD02.01i
ME03i
ME03.01i
ME03.04i
HF02.01.02i
MF02.03i
LF02.03.01i
MF03.01i
MF03.02.03i
MF04i
LH04i
LH05o
LH05i
LJ01i
LJ02.03i
LJ02.04i
LJ02.05i
LK01.02i
LK01.03i
LK02.02i
LL08i
LL09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
LA05.01i
MA05.02i
LA09i
LB01i
LB01.02i
MF02.03i
LJ02.03i
LJ02.05i
LK01.02i
LK01.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Girgina Daskalova, Ivailo Angelov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.; Kostadinova, I., S.Dereliev. 2001. Results the Mid-Winter Counts of Waterbirds in Bulgaria for the period 1997- 2001. BSPB Conservation Series. Book 3, BSPB, Sofia, BG; Nikolov, Hr., S. Marin, A. Darakchiev. 1999. Malkiat kormoran v Bulgaria. Razprostranenie, chislenost I zaplahi. – Nauch. Tr. Plov. Univ., Animalia, 35, 6, 67-81.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB. 2001. Proposal for new protected areas for conservation of the Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus) and threatened riverine habitats and wetlands along Maritsa and Tundzha rivers. (unpublished). (In Bulgarian); BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002094&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IN06IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The area does not have legal protection by the national conservation legislation. In 2005 it was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Stara Zagora; East-Aegean River Basin Directorate; Forestry Department - Sliven;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY